Factors Influencing Pesticide Use in Smallholder Rice Production in Northern Ghana
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages: 77-82
Received: Mar. 23, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 3, 2015; Published: Apr. 15, 2015
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Authors
Benjamin Tetteh Anang, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, FACS, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
Joseph Amikuzuno, Department of Climate Change and Food Security, FACS, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
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Abstract
Rice production is an important economic activity among smallholder farmers in northern Ghana serving as source of income and household food security. The production of rice is often associated with the use of pesticides to control harmful pests of rice, a practice which also poses environmental and human health risks. The study sought to investigate the factors which influence smallholder rice farmers’ use of pesticides in rice farming in northern Ghana. Rice farmers were selected from three irrigation schemes in northern Ghana, namely the Botanga, Tono and Vea Irrigation Schemes. A multi-stage stratified random sampling technique was used to identify 300 rice farmers who were interviewed with a semi-structured questionnaire. The data was analyzed both descriptively and inferentially. A probit model was used to study the determinants of pesticide use. The study showed that farm size, farm income, mechanization, extension contact, distance to source of pesticide and production system were the influencial factors in rice producers’ choice to use pesticide in rice farming. The study recommends extension education to farmers on pesticide use in order to avoid misuse and the risks factors associated with improper application.
Keywords
Northern Ghana, Pesticide Use, Probit Model, Rice Production, Smallholder Farmers
To cite this article
Benjamin Tetteh Anang, Joseph Amikuzuno, Factors Influencing Pesticide Use in Smallholder Rice Production in Northern Ghana, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2015, pp. 77-82. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20150402.19
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