Ground Water Level Fluctuation and Its Impact on Irrigation Cost at Jessore Sadar of Bangladesh
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2016, Pages: 37-42
Received: Apr. 16, 2016; Accepted: May 3, 2016; Published: May 25, 2016
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Authors
G. M. Abdur Rahman, Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE), Jhenaidha, Bangladesh
Md. Jamal Faruque, Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation (BADC), Khulna, Bangladesh
Mehedi Hashan Sohel, Department of Soil Science, EXIM Bank Agricultural University Bangladesh, Chapainawabgonj, Bangladesh
Abu Sayed, Department of Agricultural Engineering, EXIM Bank Agricultural University Bangladesh, Chapainawabgonj, Bangladesh
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Abstract
The study was conducted to access the ground water level fluctuation and impacts on irrigation cost of Jessore sadar and Jhikargacha upazilla. Questionnaire survey and Key Information Interview (KII) were done to collect primary data from local farmers, pump operator, DAE officials and personnel from BADC. The secondary data were collected from BADC. From study area it was found that the Maximum ground water level varies 5.1 to 9.35m at the month of April to May where minimum ground water level varies 1.15 to 4.88m at October to November from 2004 to 2013. The trends of maximum fluctuation level increased 5.65 to 9.35m and 5.1 to 8.36m at Jessore sadar and Jhikargacha respectively, in April 2004 to April 2013. From the study it was also found that ground water level fluctuation mostly affect the STW irrigation where 100% of STW at the study area have faced pump failure and for the remedial measure 100% taken measure to deep set method. Pumping hour for both STW and DTW has increased in 2013 than 2009. It was found 99% of the respondents were aware of lowering of ground water level in their agriculture fields, 85% of farmers complained that they did not get enough water during the dry season irrigation period. Over 95% of the respondents were well aware about excessive pumping. Most important thing was that 95% of the respondents replied that they didn’t get training for irrigation and have not enough knowledge for irrigation efficiency and the crop water use. To obtain desired economic benefits from groundwater resource, the management of ground water is essential.
Keywords
Ground Water Table, Fluctuation, Irrigation, Water Quality, Jessore
To cite this article
G. M. Abdur Rahman, Md. Jamal Faruque, Mehedi Hashan Sohel, Abu Sayed, Ground Water Level Fluctuation and Its Impact on Irrigation Cost at Jessore Sadar of Bangladesh, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2016, pp. 37-42. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20160503.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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