Fiber Dimension and Derivatives Value of Sugar Palm Frond in Various Positions
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 66-68
Received: Mar. 16, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 24, 2017; Published: Apr. 1, 2017
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Authors
Fatriani, Faculty of Forestry, University of Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarbaru, Indonesia
Banjarbaru, Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Faculty of Forestry, University of Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarbaru, Indonesia
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Abstract
This study aimed to analyze the dimensions of fiber and its derivatives in order to utilize as an alternative material of pulp and paper making. Dimensions of fiber include fiber length, fiber diameter, lumen diameter, and cell wall thickness; the values of derivatives studied were runkell ratio, felting power, muhlstep ratio, flexibility ratio, and coefficient of rigidity. Sugar palm frond came from Pingaran Village, Astambul District, Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan. The results show the length of fiber is included in fiber quality class III, Runkell ratio Value, Muhlstep ratio value, and the flexibility ratio value of fiber quality class I, felting power value of fiber quality class IV, Coefficient of Rigidity value of fiber quality class II. Overall fibers produced are included in fiber quality class II with a score of 450. Based on the value of fiber dimension and fiber dimension derivative, the fiber of sugar palm can be used as an alternative raw material for pulp and paper making.
Keywords
Sugar Palm Frond, Dimensional Fiber and Its Derivatives, The Quality of the Fiber, Pulp and Paper
To cite this article
Fatriani, Banjarbaru, Fiber Dimension and Derivatives Value of Sugar Palm Frond in Various Positions, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2017, pp. 66-68. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20170602.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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