Evaluation of Improved Food Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Varieties in the Highland Areas of Kaffa Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 161-165
Received: Mar. 1, 2017;
Accepted: May 3, 2017;
Published: Sep. 5, 2017
Views 1396 Downloads 72
Teshome Mamo Maggo, Southern Agricultural Research Institute (SARI), Crop Research Directorate, Hawassa, Ethiopia; Bonga Agricultural Research Centre, Bonga, Ethiopia
Follow on us
The field experiment was conducted at Alarigata testing site of Bonga Agricultural Research Center in the 2012 and 2013 cropping season using ten improved food barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) varieties with the local check. The improved varieties studied include Biftu, Dafo, Abdane, Dimtu, HB-1307, Ardu-1260B, Shege, Dinsho, HB-42 and Diribe. These varieties, as experimental treatments, were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. They were evaluated for days to 50% heading, days to 95% physiological maturity, plant height, grain yield, thousand kernel weights, lodging, shattering, and incidence of disease and insects. Farmers’ assessment was also made on the performance of the test varieties at flowering and physiological maturity stages. Significant variations were recorded among the tested varieties in the measured traits. However, no considerable amounts of lodging, shattering, incidence of disease and insects were observed on the tested varieties during the study periods. The highest average grain yield (4.6 tons ha-1) was obtained from variety Diribe followed by HB-42 (3.5 tons ha-1). The result obtained from variety Diribe coincided with the perception of farmers in the study area. Based on the results obtained under this study variety Diribe could be used for demonstration, popularization and pre-scaling up in Alarigata and in the farming communities of similar agro-ecologies.
Food Barley, Variety, Days to Heading, Physiological Maturity, Plant Height, Grain Yield, Thousand Kernel Weight
To cite this article
Teshome Mamo Maggo,
Evaluation of Improved Food Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Varieties in the Highland Areas of Kaffa Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 6, No. 5,
2017, pp. 161-165.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Berhane Lakew, Hailu Gebre and Fekadu Alemayehu. 1996. Barley production and research. Pp 1-8. In: Hailu Gebre and Joob Van Luer (eds). Barley Research in Ethiopia: Past work and future prospects. Proceedings of the first barley research review workshop 16-19, October. 1993. Addis Ababa, IAR/ICARDA. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Berhanu Bekele, Fekadu Alemayehu and Berhane Lakew. 2005. Food barley in Ethiopia. Pp 53-82. In: Grando, Stefania and Helena Gomez Macpherson (eds). 2005. Food Barley: Importance, uses and local knowledge. Proceedings of the international workshop on food barley improvement, 14-17. January 2002, Hammamet, Tunisia. ICARDA.
Ceccarelli, SS. Grando, V. Shevostove, Vivar, H Yahyaoui, A, El-Bhoussini, M. and Baun, M. 1999. ICARDA Strategy for global barley improvement. RACHIS. 18: 3-12.
CSA (Central Statistical Agency), 2016. Agricultural Sample Survey Report on Area and Production of Major Crops. (Private Peasant Holdings, Meher Season). Statistical Bulletin. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
CSA. (Central Statistical Agency), 2008. Agricultural Sample Survey Report on Area and Production of Major Crops. (Private Peasant Holdings, Meher Season). Statistical Bulletin. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Girma Getachew, Abate Tedila, Seyum Bediye and Amaha Sebsibe, 1996. Improvement and utilization of barley straw. Pp 171-181. In: Hailu Gebre and Joob Van Luer (eds). Barley Research in Ethiopia: Past work and future prospects. Proceedings of the 1st barley research review workshop 16-19 October. 1993. Addis Ababa, IAR/ICARDA.
Martin, JH Walden, RP and Stamp, DL. 2006. Principle of field crop production. Pearson Education, Inc. USA.
Melle Tilahun, Asfaw Azanaw and Getachew Tilahun. 2015. Participatory evaluation and promotion of improved food barley varieties in the highlands of north western Ethiopia. Wudpecker Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol. 4(3), pp. 050 – 053.
MoA (Ministry of Agriculture). 1998. National Livestock Development Project (NLDP) Working Paper 1-4. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Mulatu, B. and Grando, S. (eds). 2011. Barley Research and Development in Ethiopia. Proceedings of the 2nd National Barley Research and Development Review Workshop. 28-30 November 2006, HARC, Holetta, Ethiopia. ICARDA, P. O Box 5466, Aleppo, Syria. pp xiv + 391.
Wosene, G. Abtew, Berhane Lakew, Bettina I. G. Haussmann and Karl J. Schmid, 2015. Ethiopian barley landraces show higher yield stability and comparable yield to improved varieties in multi-environment field trials. Journals of Plant Breeding and Crop Science. Vol. 7(8), pp. 1-17.
Zemede Asfaw, 2000. The Barley of Ethiopia. Pp 77-108. In: Stephen B. Brush (ed). Genes in the Field: On farm Conservation of Crop Diversity. IDRC/IPGRI.