Evaluation of Improved Food Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Varieties in the Highland Areas of Kaffa Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 161-165
Received: Mar. 1, 2017; Accepted: May 3, 2017; Published: Sep. 5, 2017
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Author
Teshome Mamo Maggo, Southern Agricultural Research Institute (SARI), Crop Research Directorate, Hawassa, Ethiopia; Bonga Agricultural Research Centre, Bonga, Ethiopia
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Abstract
The field experiment was conducted at Alarigata testing site of Bonga Agricultural Research Center in the 2012 and 2013 cropping season using ten improved food barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) varieties with the local check. The improved varieties studied include Biftu, Dafo, Abdane, Dimtu, HB-1307, Ardu-1260B, Shege, Dinsho, HB-42 and Diribe. These varieties, as experimental treatments, were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. They were evaluated for days to 50% heading, days to 95% physiological maturity, plant height, grain yield, thousand kernel weights, lodging, shattering, and incidence of disease and insects. Farmers’ assessment was also made on the performance of the test varieties at flowering and physiological maturity stages. Significant variations were recorded among the tested varieties in the measured traits. However, no considerable amounts of lodging, shattering, incidence of disease and insects were observed on the tested varieties during the study periods. The highest average grain yield (4.6 tons ha-1) was obtained from variety Diribe followed by HB-42 (3.5 tons ha-1). The result obtained from variety Diribe coincided with the perception of farmers in the study area. Based on the results obtained under this study variety Diribe could be used for demonstration, popularization and pre-scaling up in Alarigata and in the farming communities of similar agro-ecologies.
Keywords
Food Barley, Variety, Days to Heading, Physiological Maturity, Plant Height, Grain Yield, Thousand Kernel Weight
To cite this article
Teshome Mamo Maggo, Evaluation of Improved Food Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Varieties in the Highland Areas of Kaffa Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2017, pp. 161-165. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20170605.13
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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