Impact of Integrated Fertilization (Organic and In-Organic) on Grain Yield of Maize
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 178-183
Received: Aug. 15, 2017;
Accepted: Sep. 6, 2017;
Published: Oct. 2, 2017
Views 1041 Downloads 71
Muhammad Bilal, Faculty of Crops & Food Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Muhammad Tayyab, Faculty of Crops & Food Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Irfan Aziz, Faculty of Crops & Food Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Abdul Basir, Department of Agronomy, University of Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Bilal Ahmad, Faculty of Crops & Food Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Umair Khan, Faculty of Crops & Food Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Muhammad Zahid, Faculty of Crop Production Sciences, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
Naveed Ali, Faculty of Crops & Food Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Follow on us
Organic manure is a commendable organic fertilizer, as it contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other essential nutrients. The most important factors responsible for low yield are inappropriate crop nutrition management and poor soil fertility. The field experiment was performed to evaluate the impact of different fertilizer (organic and inorganic) on yield and yield components of maize at Agriculture Research Station Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa during summer season 2014. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) replicated three times. Data was recorded on seven quantitative traits i.e. days to tasseling, plant height (cm), leaf area, number of grains cob-1, biological yield (kg ha-1), 1000-grain weight (g) and grain yield (kg ha-1). All treatments were significantly affected by the applied treatments with the exception of days to tasseling. The treatment poultry manure gave maximum leaf area whereas minimum leaf area was obtained in control. Maximum plant height (cm), number of grains cob-1, 1000-grain weight (g), biological yield (kg ha-1), and grain yield (kg ha-1) was obtained in compost applied treatment followed by poultry manure. Whereas minimum plant height (cm), grains cob-1, biological yield (kg ha-1), 1000-grain weight (g) and grain yield (kg ha-1) was obtained in control. The results depicted that organic fertilizer gave excellent response for yield and its related traits of maize crop as compared to inorganic fertilizer.
Maize, Compost, Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers, Grain Yield
To cite this article
Impact of Integrated Fertilization (Organic and In-Organic) on Grain Yield of Maize, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 6, No. 5,
2017, pp. 178-183.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ahmad, N. 2000. Fertilizer scenario in Pakistan: Policies and development In: Proc. Ofconf. Agric. and fertilizer use. 2000. Feb. 15-16, NFDC, Islamabad, 1999.
Ayube, M., A. Tanveer, K. Mahmud, A. Ali and M. Azam. 1999. Effect of nitrogen andphosphorus on the fodder yield and quality of two sorghum cultivars (Sorghumbicolor). Pak. J. Biological Sci. 2 (1): 247-250.
Amanat, A. A., 1998. Effect of variable rates of nitrogen and phosphorus on Growth andyield of maize. M. Sc. Thesis, Department of Agronomy, University ofAgriculture, Faisalabad–Pakistan.
Buschiazzo, D. E., G. G. Hevia and E. N. Hepper. 2000. Cultivation effects on phosphateforms and sorption in loess soils of Argentina. Soil. Sci. 165: 427-436.
Channabasanagowda, N., K. B. Patil, B. N. Patil, J. S. Awaknavar, B. T. Ninganur and R. Hunje. 2008. Effect of organic manures on growth, seed yield and quality ofwheat. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci. 21: 366-368.
Deksissa, T., I. Short and J. Allen (2008). Effect of soil amendment with compost ongrowthand water use efficiency of Amaranth. In: Proceedings of theUCOWR/NIW annual conference: International water resources: challenges forthe 21st century and water resources education, July 22–24, 2008, Durham, NC.
Desai, S. N. and D. D. Dore. 1980. Performance of forage sorghum varieties (Sorghumbicolor L.) under nitrogen fertilization. Forage Res.
Farooqi, I. H. 1999. Influence of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth, yield and oil contentof two hybrids of maize. M. Sc. Thesis, Department Agronomy University ofAgriculture, Faisalabad–Pakistan.
Farhad, W., M. F. Saleem, M. A. Cheema and H. M. Hammad. 2009. Effectof poultrymanure level on the productivity of spring maize (Zea mays L). J. Anim. PlantSci. 19 (3): 122-125.
Garg, S. and G. S. Bahla. (2008). Phosphorus availability to maize as influenced byorganic manures and fertilizer P associated phosphatase activity in soils. Bioresource Technology, 99 (13): 5773-5777.
Gerpacio V R and Pingali P L. (2007). Tropical and Sub-tropical Maize in AsiaProduction System, Constraints and Research Priorities, CIMMYT, Mexico, ISBN: 978–970–648–155-9, pp. 93. s
Habtegebrial K, Singh B, Haile M, Habtegebrial K, Singh B, Haile M. 2007. Impact oftillage and nitrogen fertilization on yield, nitrogen use efficiency of tef (Eragrostistef (Zucc.) Trotter) and soil properties. Soil and Tillage Res. 94 (1): 55-63.
Iqbal A., Amanullah, Iqbal M. (2015). Impact of potassium rates and their applicationtime on dry matter partitioning, biomass and harvest index of maize (Zea mays)with and without cattle dung application. Emir. J. Food Agric. 27: 447–453.
Khalil, I. A. and A. Jan. 2004. Cereal crops cropping technology. National BookFoundation, Islamabad. pp. 169-201.
Kumar, A., K. S. Thakur and M. Sandeep. 2002. Effect of fertility levels on promisinghybrid maize under rain fed conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Indian. J. Agron. 47: 526-530.
Mishra, V. K. 2000. Water expense and nutrient use efficiency of wheat and winter maizeas influenced by integrated nutrient management. Agropedology. 10 (1): 1-5.
Ma, B. L., L. M. Dwyer and E. G. Gregorich (1999). Soil nitrogen amendment effects onnitrogen uptake and grain yield of maize. Agro. J. 9: 650–656.
Negi, S. C. and G. Mahajan. 2000. Effect of FYM, planting methods and fertilizer levelson rainfed wheat. Crop Res. Hisar. 20 (3) 534-536.
Peel, M. C. Finlayson, B. L. McMahon, T. A. (2007). Updated world map of theKöppen–Geiger climate classification. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644.
Shaaban, S. M. 2006. Effect of organic and inorganic nitrogen fertilizer on wheat underwater regime. J. Appl. Sci. Res. 2: 650-656.
Vyas, S. H., M. M. Modhwadia and V. D. Khanpara. 1997. Integrated nutrient managementin wheat. Gujarat Agric. Uni. Res. J. 23 (1): 12-18.
Zougmore, R., N. Fujio and H. Akira. 2006. Nutrient uptakes and maize productivity asaffected by tillage system and cover crops in a subtropical climate at Ishigaki, Okinawa, Japan. Soil Sci. & Plant Nutrition. 52: 509-518.