Effects of Salinity on Some Haematological and Biochemical Parameters in Nile Tilapia, Oreochromus niloticus
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 200-205
Received: Sep. 15, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 26, 2017; Published: Nov. 5, 2017
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Naglaa Elarabany, Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, Damietta, Egypt
Mohammed Bahnasawy, Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, Damietta, Egypt
Gamal Edrees, Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Rajab Alkazagli, Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Damietta University, Damietta, Egypt; Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Asmariya University for Islamic Sciences, Zliten, Libya
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Any change in haematological and biochemical parameters could be a predictor of unfavorable environment or effect of different stress factors. The present study was designed to assess different salinity concentration induced changes in some haematological and biochemical parameters in 64 O. niloticus fishes captured from Manzala Lake (Egypt), they were acclimatized and fed with commercial fish diet for one week before starting the experiment for another 2 weeks. Fishes were divided into 4 equal groups assigned as; control, 4g NaCl\L, 8 g NaCl\L and 12 g NaCl\L. RBCs, HCT, Hb concentration, platelets count, superoxide dismutase activity, catalase activity, potassium level and serum total protein were estimated. The HCT, Hb concentration, platelets count and potassium levels were significantly higher in (4gNaCl\L, 8gNaCl\L and12gNaCl\L, respectively). The Superoxide dismutase activity (SOD), total protein, RBCs and catalase activit were significantly lower in (4gNaCl\L, 8g NaCl\L and 12gNaCl\L, respectively) compared to the control group. Other parameters such as WBCs, haematimetric indices (MCV, MCH, MCHC), malonedialdhyde (MDA) level, carbonyl protein (CP), glutathione reductase (GR) activity, as well as serum sodium, glucose, cortisol and IgM, did not show any significant differences in the estimated salinity concentrations.
Tilapia, Salinity, Haematologic Parameters, Oxidative Stress Markers, Electrolytes
To cite this article
Naglaa Elarabany, Mohammed Bahnasawy, Gamal Edrees, Rajab Alkazagli, Effects of Salinity on Some Haematological and Biochemical Parameters in Nile Tilapia, Oreochromus niloticus, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2017, pp. 200-205. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20170606.13
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