Determinant of Rainfed and Dry Seasons Rice Farming in Ayamelum Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 9, Issue 2, April 2020, Pages: 33-38
Received: Dec. 1, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 16, 2019; Published: May 19, 2020
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Authors
Obianefo Chukwujekwu Aloysius, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Anarah Emeka Samuel, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Osuafor Ogonna Olive, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Anumudu Oluchi Odinaka, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
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Abstract
The study on the determinant of rain-fed and dry season rice farming in Ayamelum Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria estimated the production function of rice farmers at rain-fed, as well as at dry season. The study equally looked at the challenges confronting rice farmers in the study area at both season. A well-structured questionnaire as well as face to face interview were the research instruments used to elicit information from randomly selected 100 (70 rain-fed and 30 dry seasons) rice farmers for the study. A combination of analytical tools were utilized, multiple regression and principal factor analysis were the research models used to operationalize the study concept. The regression result with the highest significant variables as well as the highest coefficient of multiple determinant (R2) were chosen as the lead equation, while each challenges confronting rice farmers at both season in the study area were named according to the factors with the highest loading. The study found out that the R2 for both rain-fed and dry season rice farming was 0.8951 and 0.7999 respectively. These confirms that the error beyond the control of the farmers at rain-fed was 10.5% and 20.0% at dry season. The study equally revealed that the determinants of rain-fed rice farming were fertilizer (β = 0.484 and t = 5.11**), urea (β = 0.661 and t = 4.43**), agro-chemical (β = 27.488 and t = 4.65**) and labour (β = 28.008 and t = 4.42**). While labour supply (β = 39.425 and t = 16.09**) and farm size (β = 250.344 and t = 4.19**) were the determinants of dry season rice farming in the study area. Environmental factor accounted for 21.42% and 21.79% of the variance of factors challenging rice farming at rain-fed and dry season respectively. Institutional factor accounted for 15.34% and 17.90% of the variance of factors challenging rice farming at rain-fed and dry season respectively, and Economic accounted for 13.51% and 14.37% of the variance of factors challenging rice farming at rain-fed and dry season respectively. The three factors explained 50.28% and 54.06% of the variance of the factors challenging rice farming at both season in Ayamelum Local Government Area.
Keywords
Rain-fed, Dry Season, Production Function, Food Basket, Significant, Factors
To cite this article
Obianefo Chukwujekwu Aloysius, Anarah Emeka Samuel, Osuafor Ogonna Olive, Anumudu Oluchi Odinaka, Determinant of Rainfed and Dry Seasons Rice Farming in Ayamelum Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 9, No. 2, 2020, pp. 33-38. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20200902.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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