Optimization in Water Management for Sustainable Irrigated Rice Production in Central Côte d’Ivoire Under Rainfall Variability
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 9, Issue 3, June 2020, Pages: 86-96
Received: Dec. 19, 2019;
Accepted: Jun. 1, 2020;
Published: Jun. 17, 2020
Views 247 Downloads 77
Sawadogo Kouyate Zounabo, Agropastoral Management Institute, Peleforo Gbon Coulibaly University, Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire; Joint Research and Innovation Unit of Agronomic Science and Rural Engineering, Houphouet Boigny National Polytechnic Institute, Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
Brou Yao Casimir, Joint Research and Innovation Unit of Agronomic Science and Rural Engineering, Houphouet Boigny National Polytechnic Institute, Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
Soro Gneneyougo Emile, Geosciences and Environment Laboratory, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Goula Bi Tié Albert, Geosciences and Environment Laboratory, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Traore Farid, Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Irrigation is a major challenge of food self-sufficiency because of the demographic conditions of Ivorian cities, combined with climate variability. The aim of this study is to analyze and optimize practices management of rice irrigation in Nanan, at the central Côte d’Ivoire under rainfall variability. Methodological approach adopted was multidisciplinary and participatory. Climatic, agro-pedological, hydrometric and sociological data was used in this study. Results showed that rainfall variability is a reality and is characterized by alternating dry and wet periods. Agricultural practices analysis showed low value of crop intensity with 108% and 88% in 2016 and 2017 respectively. Irrigation efficiency is estimated at 37%. The results also showed a mismatch between water withdrawals and water needs, which vary between 4% and 80%. A poor annual distribution of rice transplanting with almost no transplanting during the first cycle was observed. Facing to these malfunctions, a reorganization of farming practice was recommended. This starts with harmonization of transplanting date and implementation of optimized water management methods. The periods from March to April, and September to October was identified as the optimal transplanting periods for the first and second cycles respectively. In addition, Height-Flow -Turn of Valve curve was carried out to help valve manager estimate water needed quantities. Finally, telephone fleet was proposed as communication way, to improve water distribution method by rotation between rice farmers.
Sawadogo Kouyate Zounabo,
Brou Yao Casimir,
Soro Gneneyougo Emile,
Goula Bi Tié Albert,
Optimization in Water Management for Sustainable Irrigated Rice Production in Central Côte d’Ivoire Under Rainfall Variability, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 9, No. 3,
2020, pp. 86-96.
Servat E., Paturel J. E., Kouame B., Travaglio M., Ouedraogo M., Boyer J. F., Lubes-Niel H., Fritssch J. M., Masson J. M., Marieu B., (1998). Identification, characterization and consequences of hydrological variability in West and Central Africa. Internationale association of hydrological l sciences, 252, pp. 323-337.
UNDP (2009). Poverty Reduction Support Programme of UNDP, 2009-2013, Environmental protection and sustainable management of natural resources subprogramme (PGDRN), project document, 19p.
Baron C. (2009). Water in Africa: Availability and Access, New Energy of Paris, Economica. Revue futuribles n° 359, p33–56.
FAO (2002). World Agriculture towards 2015/2030, Rome.
Hirsch R. (1993). The rice and rice policies in Côte d'Ivoire), 1960-1993, Paris, Caisse Francaise de developement, 72p.
Kirda C and Kanber R, 1999. Water No Longer a Plentiful Resource, Should Be Used Sparingly in Irrigated Agriculture. In: C Kirda, P Moutonnet, C Hera and DR Nielsen, eds. Crop Yield Response to Deficit Irrigation. Dordrecht, the Netherlands and Kluwer Academic Publishers.
English M, 1990. Deficit Irrigation I. An Analytical Framework. J Irri Drain Eng, ASCE. 116: 399-412.
Van Halsema GE and Vincent L, 2012. Efficiency and productivity terms for water management: A matter of contextual relativism versus general absolutism. Agri Wat Mgmt. 108: 9–15.
Bijan N., Abdolmajid L., Masoud P. (2013), Development and Analysis of Irrigation Efficiency and Water Productivity Indices Relationships in Sprinkler Irrigation Systems, International journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. Vol., 4 (3), 515-523.
Doorenbos, J. & Pruitt, W. O. (1975). Crop water requirements, FAO Irrigation and Drainage Bulletin 24, Rome, Italie, 198p.
Doorenbos J. et Pruitt W. O. (1977), Background and development of methods to predict reference crop evapotranspiration (Eto) guidelines for predicting crop water requirements. FAO irrigation and drainage paper no. 24, Rome Italy, 144p.
Allen R. G., Pereira L. S., Raes D., and Smith M. (1998). Crop evapotranspiration guidelines for computing crop water requirements- FAO, irrigation and drainage paper no. 56. FAO, Rome, Italy, 326p.
Central Rice Project (1998). Technical report on the rehabilitation of the irrigated perimeter of Nanan, 45p.
OMM (1994). Data acquisition and processing, analysis, forecasting and other applications, Guide of Hydrological Practices, WMO-N 168, Edition 5, 829p.
Nouvelot J. (1993). Guide to hydrological practices in small rural catchments of tropical and equatorial Africa, ORSTOM Report, 539 p.
Nicholson S. E., Kim J., Hoopingarner J. (1988). atlas of African rainfall and its interannual variability. Édit. Department of meteorology, Florida State University Tallahassee, Floride, USA, 237 p.
Mahe G., Olivry J. C. (1995). Precipitation and flow variations in West and Central Africa from 1951 to 1989. Sécheresse, 6 (1), pp. 109-117.
Servat E., Paturel J. E., Lubes N. H., Kouame B., Masson J. M., Travaglio M., Marieu B., (1999). Different aspects of rainfall variability in non-Sahelian West and Central Africa. Revue des sciences de l’eau, 12 (2), pp. 363-387.
Goula B. T. A., Kouassi F. W., Fadika V., Kouakou K. E., Kouadio G. B., Koffi K., Bamory K., Doumouya I. & Savane I. (2009) Impacts of climate change and variability on groundwater in humid tropical zones. iash publication, 334: 190 - 202.
Soro T. D., Soro N., Oga Y. M. S., Lasm T., Soro G., Ahoussi K. E., Biemi J., (2011). Climate variability and its impact on water resources in the square degree of Grand Lahou (South-West Côte d'Ivoire), Géographie physique et environnement, Volume 5, p. 55-73.
McKee T. B., Doesken N. I. and Kleist I. (1993). The relationship of drought frequency and duration to time scale. Acte of the 8th conference on applied climatology (Anateim, californie), 179-184.
Assani A. A. (1999). Analysis of the temporal variability of precipitation (1916-1996) in Lubumbashi (Congo-Kinshasa) according to some indicators of atmospheric (southern oscillation) and oceanic (El Nino/La Nina), Sécheresse, 10 (4): 245-252
Smith, M. (1992). Cropwat: Software for planning and managing irrigation systems (manual and guidelines). Bulletin d'irrigation et de drainage FAO 46, Rome, Italie, 133 p.
Muñoz, G., Grieser, J. (2006). Climwat 2.0 for Cropwat. Food and agricultural organization of the United Nations: Rome, Italie.
Dembélé Y., Ouattara S. et Zida Z. (2000) Impact of the transplanting date of rice on the agricultural performance of small irrigated areas in Burkina Faso, Bulletin of agronomic research, N¨°28, p18-29.
Keita A. and Sandwidi J. P. (1996). Water and infrastructure management for small irrigated areas in: Améliorer les performances des petits périmètres irrigués, actes seminaire régionale du projet management de l’irrigation au Burkina Faso, 24-26, IIMV/PMI-BF, MEE, Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso), 89-120.
Rasool A., Zohrab S., Rhonda S. (2013) Evaluating on-farm irrigation efficiency across the watershed: A casestudy of New Mexico’s Lower Rio Grande Basin, Agricultural Water Management 124, 52–57
American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) Standards. Soiland Water Terminology, S526.3 SEP 2007.
Dembelé Y., Ouattara, S., Kéita A., 2002. Application of the "Relative Water Supply" and "Water Productivity" indicators to small irrigated perimeters performance analysis in Burkina Faso. Irrig. and Drain. 50, 309–321.
Fossou R. M. N, N Soro, VB Traore, T Lasm, S Sambou, T Soro, R. K Orou, MT Cisse, A Kane (2014). Climate variability and its impact on surface waters resources: case stations of the Bocanda and Dimbokro, East Central Côte d'Ivoire in West Africa, Afrique Science, Revue Internationale des Sciences et technologie, vol 10, N°4, p118-134.
Paturel J. E., Servat E. & Delattre M. O. (1998). Analysis of long-term rainfall series in non-Sahelian West and Central Africa under climate variability. Journal des sciences hydrologiques, 43 (3): 937-945.
Walker S. H., 1999. Causes of high water losses from irrigated rice fields: field measurements and results from analogue and digital models. Agric. Water Manage. 40, 123-127.
Lage M., Bamouh A., Badawi T., El Mourid M., 2004. Proceedings of the seminar Modernization of Irrigated Agriculture. Rabat.
Kambou D., Xanthoulis D., Ouattara K., Degré A., (2014). Concepts of Water Efficiency and Productivity (Bibliographic Synthesis). Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ., 18 (1), 108-120.
Kambou D., Degré A., Xanthoulis D., Ouattara K., Destain J-P., Defoy S., De L’Escaille D., 2019. Evaluation and proposals for improving irrigation performance around small reservoirs in Burkina Faso. J. Irrig. Drain. Eng., 145 (6).