Effect of Different Levels of Fertilizer and Irrigation on the Yield of Wheat under Raised Bed System
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2014, Pages: 23-27
Received: Sep. 25, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 10, 2014; Published: Oct. 17, 2014
Views 3385      Downloads 138
Authors
Khokan Kumer Sarker, Irrigation and Water Management (IWM) Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Gazipur, 1701, Bangladesh
Dilip Kumar Roy, Irrigation and Water Management (IWM) Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Gazipur, 1701, Bangladesh
Akbar Hossain, Senior Scientific Officer, Wheat Research Centre, BARI, Nashipur, Dinajpur, Bangladesh
Mohammed Monirul Islam, Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation, Shera-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The study was conducted on raised bed (one pass) tillage system on the effect of fertilizer and irrigation levels at Wheat Research Centre, Nashipur, Dinajpur (25°38´ N, 88°41´ E and 38.20 m above mean sea level). Treatments were: T1; recommended fertilizer dose of N100 + P26.5 + K40 + S20 + Z4 + B1 with irrigation up to 75% field capacity, T2; recommended fertilizer dose with irrigation up to 100% field capacity, T3; recommended fertilizer dose with irrigation up to 125% field capacity, T4; 20% lower fertilizer dose than recommended dose with irrigation up to 75% field capacity, T5; 20% lower fertilizer dose than recommended with irrigation up to 100% field capacity, T6; 20% lower fertilizer dose than recommended with irrigation up to 125% field capacity. Irrigation water was applied at growth stages of 20, 55 and 75 days after sowing (DAS). Data on seasonal water use, yield and yield contributing characters of wheat were recorded during experimentations in raised bed cultivation systems. Results from this study indicated that the effect of fertilizer and irrigation level did not influence the grain yield and yield attributes of wheat under raised bed system. But, higher grain yield was found in the plots where recommended fertilizers were applied with irrigation up to 100% field capacity. Seasonal water was used by 211 – 231 mm and water use efficiency was found 1.53 – 1.78 kg m-3 by the treatments effect for one pass-tillage raised bed system. The short-term findings of this study raise the further crop physiological, fertilizer use efficiency and economics return study to confirm the results.
Keywords
Bed Planting System, Fertilizers, Irrigation, Water Use Efficiency, Wheat
To cite this article
Khokan Kumer Sarker, Dilip Kumar Roy, Akbar Hossain, Mohammed Monirul Islam, Effect of Different Levels of Fertilizer and Irrigation on the Yield of Wheat under Raised Bed System, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Special Issue: Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment. Vol. 3, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 23-27. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.s.2014030601.14
References
[1]
WRC (Wheat Research Centre), “Annual Research Report”, WRC, BARI. Nashipur, Dinajpur, Bangladesh, 2008.
[2]
Hossain, A. and Silva, J.A.T. Wheat production in Bangladesh: its future in the light of global warming. AoB Plants 5: pls042. doi: 10.1093/aobpla/pls042, 2013.
[3]
Mundi Index. Bangladesh wheat production by year: Market year, production (1000MT) and growth rate (%). Available online: http://www.indexmundi.com/agriculture, Accessed October 12, 2014.
[4]
Hossain, M. A., M.H. Rashid, M.S. Rahman, S.K. Biswas, “Interaction of Irrigation Levels and fertilizer Doses on Wheat Production in Bangladesh”. Bangladesh J. of Agric. Engg. 17 (1 & 2): 1- 8, 2006.
[5]
Sarker, K.K., A.Z. Sarker, P.K. Malaker, , K.C. Roy, D. Islam, “Comparative Study on Water Requirement and Economic Return of Wheat and Boro rice”. Journal of the Bangladesh Society for Agricultural Science and Technology 4 (3 & 4): 45-48, 2007.
[6]
Abdelhadi, A.W., M.A. Bashir, S.E.A. El-Awad, H.Takeshi, “Evaluation of Wheat Bed Planting System in Irrigated Vertisols of Sudan”. Agricultural Mechanization of Asia, Africa & Latin America 37, No. 3, 2006.
[7]
Humphreys, E. and C.H. Roth, “Permanent Beds and Rice Residue Management for Rice–Wheat Systems in the Indo-Gangetic Plain”. Proceedings of a workshop held in Ludhiana, India, 7– 9 September, ACIAR, Canberra, p10, 2008.
[8]
Rashid, M.H., M.A.K. Mridha, M.S. Islam, M.S. Alam, S.K. Biswas, , M.A. Hossain, P.K. Sarker, and W. Kabir, “Improvement of the water Resources Management for Sustainable Rice–Wheat System in Dinajpur and Jessore Areas”, Research Project Report, 1998 –2001, BARI, Joydebpur, Gazipur, p. 40, 2001.
[9]
Islam, M.S., S.A.J.M. Karim, Q.A. Khaliq, and S. Ahmed, “Effect of Tillage and Irrigation on Root Growth, Nitrogen Uptake and Yield of Wheat in Shallow Red Brown Terrace Soils of Bangladesah”. Bangladesh J of Agril. Res. 31(4), p 600, 2006.
[10]
Humphreys, E. and J. Timsina, “Modeling of irrigated cropping systems with Special attention to rice-wheat sequences and raised bed planting”. Proceedings of a workshop at CSIRO Land Water, Griffith 25–28 February, CSIRO Land Water Technical Report 25/02, NSW 2680, Austalia, p118, 2002.
[11]
Sayre, K.D. and P.R. Hobbs, “The Raised Bed System of Cultivation for Irrigated Production Conditions”. In: Sustainable Agriculture and the rice-Wheat System, Lal, R., Hobbs, P., Uphoff, N., Hansen, D.O. (Eds.). Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA, pp: 337-355, 2004.
[12]
Tripathi, S.C., A.D. Mongia, D.S. Chauhan, R.K. Sharma, A.S. Kharub, R.S. Chhokar, S. Jag, “Bed Planting: A New Technique to Diversify/Intensify Rice-Wheat System in India”, Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Science congress, September 26 - October 1, Brisborn, Australia, pp:1-1, 2004.
[13]
Hossain, M.A., M.A.R. Akanda, S.K. Biswas, M.A. Hoque, M.S.Rahman, “Determination of Irigation Efficiency and Water Saving for Wheat Cultivation under Bed Planting System”. Bangladesh J. Agril. Sci. 35 (2): 167-173, 2008.
[14]
Sarker, K.K., P.K. Sarkar, M.A. Hoque, , P.K. Malaker, S. Islam, “Effect of Zero Tillage and Bed Planting Methods on Water Use for Wheat Cultivation”. Journal of Agricultural Engineering, the Institution of Engineers, Bangladesh, Vol. 37/AE, December, 2009.
[15]
Akanda, M.A.R., M.S. Islam, M.A. Hossain , M. Abdullah, “Evaluation of Irrigation Effectiveness of different Bed Widths for Wheat Cultivation”, Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Bangladesh, Vol. 30 (1): December, 2003.
[16]
BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics), “Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh”, BBS, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2004.
[17]
Bodruzzaman,M., M.H.H. Khan, , M.A. Shaheed and A.S.M.G. Amin, “Response of Wheat to Different Rates of Phosphorus and Potassium Application”. Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 28 (4): 615-618, 2003.
[18]
Khair, A. “Water Application Methods for Diversified Crops. Crop Diversification: Findings from a Field Research Programme”, The University Press Limited, P43, 1995.
[19]
Limon-Ortega, A. Sayre, K.D. Frances, “Wheat and Maize Yields in Response to Straw Management and Nitrogen under Bed Planting System”, Agronomy Journal 92 (2): 293-302, 2000.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186