Green Economy: Challenges and Prospects for Improved Aquatic Agricultural System (AAS) in Niger Delta Communities
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2014, Pages: 28-35
Received: Sep. 21, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 10, 2014; Published: Oct. 20, 2014
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Authors
Nenibarini Zabbey, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323, East-West Road, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria
Ijeoma Favour Vincent-Akpu, Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323, East-West Road, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria
Ibisime Etela, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323, East-West Road, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria
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Abstract
There is dire need for deliberate green action plan to solve the endemic environmental crises occasioned by unsustainable utilization of natural resources and environmental degradation in the Niger Delta; a region with its characteristic terrain and eco-fragility that is highly susceptible to adverse environmental and climate change-related disasters. But, to successfully implement a green economy plan in the Niger Delta region, there has to be a well-thought out strategy with due appraisal of baseline environmental issues and concerns. The people of the delta depend, primarily, on the exploitation of the region’s rich bio-resources with fishing and farming forming the major sources of livelihoods. Observations by independent and intergovernmental global environmental protection players indicate that, the creeks, lands, mangroves, forests, etc provide inestimable goods and ecological services to the region’s inhabitants. Yet, they have been consistently degraded over the past four decades, mainly by industrial activities. Some identified challenges in greening the region and viable alternatives for sustainable agricultural development are, also, discussed. The authors have, therefore, proposed strategies such as consideration of complex biophysical and socio-economic factors, multi-stakeholder engagement, and a paradigm shift from the contemporary fossil energy-based agriculture to the more sustainable practices of biofuels and organic agriculture. A modelled paradigm for transforming current improved aquatic agricultural systems (AAS) to become more productive while, maintaining ecosystem services is proposed. Therefore, this paper examines current environmental issues and concerns as well as efforts variously made to address them in the Niger Delta against the backdrop of existing economic activities.
Keywords
Agro-Ecology, Ecological Services, Wetlands, Niger Delta, Livelihood
To cite this article
Nenibarini Zabbey, Ijeoma Favour Vincent-Akpu, Ibisime Etela, Green Economy: Challenges and Prospects for Improved Aquatic Agricultural System (AAS) in Niger Delta Communities, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Special Issue: Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment. Vol. 3, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 28-35. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.s.2014030601.15
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