Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2014, Pages: 46-51
Received: Aug. 20, 2014;
Accepted: Jan. 29, 2015;
Published: Mar. 18, 2015
Views 3703 Downloads 91
Barkat Ali Kalwar, Department of Nutrition and Animal Product Technology, Faculty of AHV, Science, SAU, Tandojam- Sindh
Hakim Ali Sahito, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, SALU- Khairpur- Sindh
Mehmood Ahmed Kalwar, Department of Nutrition and Animal Product Technology, Faculty of AHV, Science, SAU, Tandojam- Sindh
Zaibun Nisa Memon, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, SALU- Khairpur- Sindh
Madan Lal, Department of Nutrition and Animal Product Technology, Faculty of AHV, Science, SAU, Tandojam- Sindh
One hundred and fifty hubbard broiler were studied to examine their response to various levels of iron in relation to FCR and blood parameters. The experiment was conducted at poultry experimental station, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam during, 2013. Commercial feed was supplemented with iron concentration of 0 (Control), 40, 80, 120, 160mg/kg in groups A, B, C, D and E, respectively. Result revealed lowest feed (3780g) and water (8160ml) consumed by group E. Better (P<0.05) live weight (1939g), FCR (1.94), dressing percentage (64.93%), RBC (3.33x106/µl), HB (9.30g/dL), PCV (31.1%) and Rs. 47.35 per bird net profit was also recorded in group E where, 160mg/ kg iron was supplemented in broiler ration. Lowest mortality (6.66%) was also observed in group E, while non-significant differences in edible parts were observed among the groups. Increasing level of iron showed better performance in the groups. It is concluded that 160mg/kg iron level can be supplemented in broiler ration for better FCR, dressing % and per bird net profit along with better performance in blood parameters.
Barkat Ali Kalwar,
Hakim Ali Sahito,
Mehmood Ahmed Kalwar,
Zaibun Nisa Memon,
Calculation of FCR and RBC with Varied Effect of Iron in Broiler, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Special Issue: Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment.
Vol. 3, No. 6-1,
2014, pp. 46-51.
Abbasi IHR, HA. Sahito, F. Abbasi, MA. Kalwar, AA. Soomro, DR. Menghwar, M. Memon, MI. Sanjrani. 2013. Management and production of live stock and poultry through advance techniques in Sindh, Pakistan. International J. Innovative Agri. & Biology Res., 1(1): 31-42.
Abro, MR, HA. Sahito, A. Memon, RN. Soomro, H. Soomro and NA. Ujjan. 2012. Effect of various protein source feed ingredients on the growth performance of broiler. International J. Medicinal Plant Res., 1(4): 038-044.
Bhatti, MY. 2001. Emerging prospectus of poultry production in Pakistan at the dawn of 21st century monthly Agro- Vet. News (Oct-2001), Mehmoodcentre, bc-11, block9, Clifton, Karachi.20.
Gomez, KA and AA. Gomez. 1984. Statistics for Agriculture research (2nd edition), John Wiley and sons, New York.
Huff, WE., CF. Chang, MF. Warren and PB. Hamilton. 1997. Ochratoxin a- induced iron deficiency anemia. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. J. of An. Sci., 39(5):7-8.
Julio, L. P., JL. Gerger, ME. Cook and LJ. Stahl.1998. Iron metabolism in chicks fed various levels of zinc and copper. Dept: of nutritional sciences and poultry sciences, university of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA. The J. Nutr. Bioch., 3(3): 140-145.
Larry, L. B .1995. Trace minerals: keys to immunity. Animal science. University of Illinois. Pp: 55.
Micheal, WK. 2006. Medical biochemistry. IU iron introduction, school of medicine. 15: 9-24.
Pecelunas, KS., DP. Wages and JD. Helm. 1999. Botulism in chickens associated with elevated iron levels. Avian Dis. 43(4):783-787.
Pek, H., M. Avci, M. Yertk and N. Aydlek. 2005. Effects of copper and iron addition to diets on growth performance and some blood parameters in quail. Veteriner. Bilimleri. Dergisi., 21(1/2):45-50.
Ruiz, J A., AM. Perez-Vendrell and EE. Garcia. 2000. Effect of dietary iron and copper on performance and oxidative stability in broiler leg meat. 290 ASL, deptt of aimal sciences, 1207 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801. Br. Poul. Sci., 4:163-167.
Sahito HA, RN. Soomro, A. Memon, MR. Abro, NA. Ujjan and A. Rahman. 2012. Effect of fat supplementation on the growth, body temperature and blood cholesterol level of broiler. Glo. Adv. Res. J. Chem. and Mat. Sci., 1(2): 023-034.
Skrivian, M., V. Skrivanova and M. Marounek. 2005. Effect of dietary zinc, iron and copper in layer feed on distribution of these elements in eggs, liver, excreta, soil and herbage. Research institute of animal production, Prague, CZ, Czech republic. Poult. Sci., 84(10) 1570-1575.
Soomro H, MI. Rind, SN. Sanjrani, AS. Magsi, GS. Barham, SA. Pirzada and HA. Sahito. 2013. Effect of partial mango pulp mixing in ration on behaviour and production of broiler. International J. Plant and Animal Sci., 1(1): 030-036.
Uthman, Ed. MD. 1998. Iron and its metabolism. Nutritional anemias, diplomate, American board of pathology. 24.
Vahl, HA. and AT. Klooster. 1997. Dietary iron and broiler performance. Clo- institute for animal nutrition de schothorstmeerkoetenweg, lelystad, the Netherlands. Br. Poult. Sci., 28(4)567-576.