Rapid Risk Reduction Strategies Using Some Horticultural Plants in a Changing Atmosphere among Urban and Peri-Urban Centres of the Atlantic Coast in Nigeria
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 5-10
Received: Feb. 25, 2015;
Accepted: Feb. 25, 2015;
Published: May 19, 2015
Views 3880 Downloads 90
E. U. Onweremadu, Department of Soil Science and Technology Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
A. C. Udebuani, Department of Biotechnology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Egbuche C. T., Department of Forestry and Wildlife Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Ndukwu B. N., Department of Agricultural Extension, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
There are irregular global changes in climatic attributes. Nigeria is not left out in the unpredictable atmospheric variability especially in its coastlands. The situation has led to varying forms of environmental challenges, calling for rapid risk reduction responses. This paper suggested four technologies namely, vegetable intercrop production, improved fallow systems, biomass technology and night-soil technologies as efficacious in sequestering atmospheric carbon directly or indirectly. These technologies are easily adaptable in the agro ecological zone following its characteristic multifloristic structure and climatic peculiarities as well as demographic attributes. Coastland climate change adaptation and irrigation experimental stations should be established in the area to evaluate efficacy of these technologies.
E. U. Onweremadu,
A. C. Udebuani,
Egbuche C. T.,
Ndukwu B. N.,
Rapid Risk Reduction Strategies Using Some Horticultural Plants in a Changing Atmosphere among Urban and Peri-Urban Centres of the Atlantic Coast in Nigeria, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Special Issue: Environment and Applied Science Management in a Changing Global Climate.
Vol. 4, No. 3-1,
2015, pp. 5-10.
Mendelsohn, R., A. Dinar and I. Williams. 2006. The distributional impact of climate change on rich and poor countries. Environ. Dev. Econs. 11(2):159-178
Bolin and Sukumar, 2000. Global perspective Chapter 1. In Watson R.T; I. R. Noble; , B. Bolin, N.H Revindrath, D.J. Vennde and D.J. Doklean eds. Landuse, Landuse Change and Forestry, Special Report of the Intergovernmenmental Panel on Clinate Change. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, England. Pp 23-51
IPCC (Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change) 2002. The report of the working group 1 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Survey for Policymakers.
Boko, M.I. Niang, A. Nyong, C. Vogel, A. Githeko, M. Medany, B. Osaman-Elasha, R. Tabo and P. Yanda. 2007. Climate change 2007: Impact, adaptation and vulnerability in Africa. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Parry M.L., O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. Vander Linden and C.E Hansen (eds.) Cambridge, U.K. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 433-467.
Onofeghara, F.A. 1990. Nigeria Wetland: An overview In: Akpata, TV. and Okali, D.U.U. (eds.) Report of the man and the biosphere (MAB) National Committee, Nigeria. UNESCO National Commission, Federal Ministry of Education.
Babatola, J.O. 2001. Postharvest technology of horticultural crops as a means of improving dietary intake and socioeconomic empowerment of youths in Nigeria. Proc. Of the 35th Ann. Conf. of the ASN at UNAAB, Set. 16-20, 2001, pp. 9-19.
Ano, A.O. and G.C. Orkwor. 2006. Effect of fertilizer and intercropping with pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) on the productivity of yam minisett (Dioscorea rotundata) based system. Niger. Agric. J. 37:65:73.
Imadojemu, P.E. 2010. Properties of soils as affected by different sources of waste in Koko, Wani, Delta State, Nigeria. An M.Sc. Thesis of the Fed. Univ. of Technology Owerri, Nigeria. 75.
Faleyimu, O.I., B.O. Agbeja and B.O. Oni 2009. National stipulated forest cover: Mirage or reality (Southwest Nigeria experience). Proceedings of the International Conference on Global Food Crisis held at FUTO, Owerri, Nigeria Apid 19-21, 2009. pp. 228-231.
Ratta, A. and J. Nasv. 1996. Urban agriculture and the African food supply system. African Urban Quarterly 11:154-161.
Tixier, P. and H. de Bon. 2006. Urban horticulture In: an Veenhuzen, R. (ed.) Cities farming for the future, RUAF Foundation, IDRC and IIRR, Leusden, NI. Pp. 313-346.
de Neergaard, A., A.W. Drescher and C. Kouame. 2009. Urban and Peri-urban agriculture in African cities. In: Shacklefon, C.M., M.W. Pasquini and A.W. Dresher (eds.). African indigenous vegetables in urban agriculture. Earthscan, London pp. 35-64.
Ezedinma, C. and C. Chukuezi. 1999. A comparative of urban agricultural enterprises in Lagos and Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Environ. & Urbaniz., 11:135-144.
Khai, N.M., P.Q. Ha and I. Oborn. 2007. Nutrient flows in small-scale peri-urban vegetable farming systems in Southeast Asia. A case study in Hanoi. Agric Ecosyst. Environ., 122:192-202.
Eaton, D. and T. Hilhorst. 2003. Opportunities for managing solid waste flows in the peri-urban interface of Bamako and Ougadougou. Environ & Urbaniz., 15:53-64.
Gaye, M. and E. Diallo. 1997. Community participation in the management of the urban environment in Rufisque (Senegal). Environ. & Urbaniz., 9:9-29.
Vinneras, B. 2002. Possibilities for sustainable nutrient recycling by faecal separation combined with urine diversion unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Acta Universtatis Agricultural sueciac, Agrana, Swedosh Univ. of Agric. Science, Sweden. http://diss-epsilon.slu.se/arlhwe/00000332
Nabulo, G., H. Oryem-Origa and M. Diamond. 2006. Assessment of lead, cadmium and zinc contamination of roadside soils, surface films and vegetables in Kampala City, Uganda. Environ. Res., 1011:42-52.
Ojeniyi, S.O., O.P. and A.A. Aroitoilu. 2001. Response of vegetables to woodash fertilizer. Proc. Of the 35th Ann. Conf. of the ASN at UNAAB, Setp. 16-20, 2001. pp. 39-43.
Ayolagha, G., F.S. Kio-Jack and N.O. Isirimah. 2000. Remediation of crude oil polluted soil using municipal solid compost for soybean production in the Niger Delta. Proc. Of the 26th Ann. Conf. of Soil Science Society of Nigeria, Ibadan, Oyo State. Pp. 161-169.
Ingrid, W., F. Martinez and G. Cueva. 2006. Plant and soil responses to the application of composted MSW in a degraded, semi-arid shrubland in Central Spain. Compost Sci. Util., 14(2):147-154.
Claasen, V.P. and J.L. Carey. 2004. Regeneration of nitrogen fertility in disturbed soils using composts. Compost Sci. Util., 22(2):180-186.
Rodd, A.V., P.R. Warman, P. Hickleton and K. Webb. 2001. Comparison of N. fertilizer source separated MSW compost and semi-solid beef manure on the nutrient concentration in boot stage barley and: wheat tissue. Can. J. Soil Sci., 82:33-43.
Kwesiga, F. and S.M. Chisumpa. 1992. Multipurpose trees for the eastern province of Zambia: An elthnbotanical survey of their use in the farming systems. AFRENA Report No. 49 ICRAF, Nariobi, Kenya.
WHO (World Health Organization).2006. Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta and greywater. Vol. IV: Excreta and greywater use in agriculture. Geneva, Switzerland. (2006)
Dranger, J.O. 1998. Urine blindness and the use of nutrients from human excreta in urban agriculture. Geojourn., 45”201-208.
Johnson, H., A.R. Stinzing, B. Vinneras and E. Salomon. 2004. Guidelines on the use of urine and faeces in crop production EcoSanRes., 1-35.