Investigation into the Effectiveness of Selected Bio-Based Preservatives on Control of Termite and Fungi of Wood in Service
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, May 2015, Pages: 59-63
Received: Feb. 25, 2015;
Accepted: Feb. 25, 2015;
Published: May 19, 2015
Views 3695 Downloads 80
Faruwa Francis Akinyele, Department of Forestry and Wildlife Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Egbuche C.T., Department of Forestry and Wildlife Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Umeojiakor A. O., Department of Forestry and Wildlife Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Ulocha O. B., Department of Forestry and Wildlife Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Follow on us
The study focused on the effectiveness of using bio based preservatives as a controlling measure to biodetoriation from fungi and termite for wood in service. Wood samples of Triplochiton scleroxylon, Gmelina arborea, Ceiba pentandra used for the study were obtained from the sawmill of Ondo State Afforestation Project (OSAP) Oluwa and processed at the wood workshop of the Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Federal University of Technology Akure. The sample were converted into 60 mm × 20 mm × 20 mm and seasoned to 12 % moisture content. The samples were treated with bio-preservatives from Parkia biglobosa, Tridax procumbens and tar oil obtained via pyrolysis. This study showed that even though Ceiba pentandra has the highest retention for the preservatives, it is the most susceptible to fungal and termite attack. Gmelina arborea with the lowest retention have resistance to termite and fungal attack, thus, the effectiveness of the preservatives on the wood samples is not only determined by the retention level of each preservative but also the chemical constituent (pH) of the preservative. This study recommends the use of tar oil for preservation of the wood samples against termite where colour is not important while, ethanolic extract of Tridax procumbens can be used to preserve wood against fungal attack.
Ethanolic Extract, Tridax procumbens, Tar Oil, Preservation, Termite
To cite this article
Faruwa Francis Akinyele,
Umeojiakor A. O.,
Ulocha O. B.,
Investigation into the Effectiveness of Selected Bio-Based Preservatives on Control of Termite and Fungi of Wood in Service, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Special Issue: Environment and Applied Science Management in a Changing Global Climate.
Vol. 4, No. 3-1,
2015, pp. 59-63.
Areo O. O (2002): Preservation of small round logs of Tectona grandis exposed to termite attacks using copper chromium arsenate (CCA). An HND submitted to the Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan.
Arldo C.Bernardis and Orlando popoff (2009): Durability of pinus elliottii wood impregnated with quebracho Colorado (schinopsis balansae) bio-protectives extracts and CCA. Maderas Ciencia technologia 11(2):106-115.
Desch, J.M. (1981): Timber Its nature and behaviour, van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Ltd, Bershire, England. 170pg.
Elegbede M.O (2002): A profile of wood preservation industry in Ibadan and Lagos Metropolis. A project submitted to Department of Wood and Paper Technology in the Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan Oyo state pg 2-4
Ogbogu G.U (1996): The State of Wood Treatment Technology in Nigeria Institute of Nigeria
Sandeep Acharya and Srivastava R.C.(2010): Antifungal property of Tridax procumbens L. against three pythopathogenic fungi Arch. Arch. Pharm. Sci. & Res Vol. 2, No.1, pg 258-263.
Schutlz, T.P, Nicholas, D.D, Henry, W.P, Pittman, C.U, Wipf, D.O and Goodell, B. (2005): Review of laboratory and out door exposure efficacy results of organic biocide; antioxidant combinations, an initial economic analysis and discussion of a proposed mechanism. Wood and Fiber Science. 37(1); (175-184).
Sipilae` K, Kuoppala E, Fagernae`s L (1998). Characterization of biomass–based flash pyrolysis oils. Biomass Bioenergy ; 14(2): 103–13
Siva, N., Ganesan, S., Banumathy, N. and Muthuchelian (2008): Antifungal Effect of Leaf of Extract of Some Medicinal Plants Against Fusarium oxysporum Causing Wilt Disease of Solanum melongena L. Ethnobotincal Leaflets 12: 156-163.