Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 4-1, August 2015, Pages: 14-20
Received: Mar. 31, 2015;
Accepted: Apr. 8, 2015;
Published: May 27, 2015
Views 4514 Downloads 134
Nicolene de Jong, Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
Rural communities, especially those within the South African context, are faced with daily challenges – most of which are associated with a lack of basic social provisions, needs and spaces. This paper introduces the concept of green space planning as an alternative planning approach to address these social challenges within rural South African communities. It provides a comparative study between social challenges experienced in South Africa and the benefits provided by green spaces; introducing green space provision as an alternative planning method to address social challenges, especially those prevalent in rural South African communities. By providing successful and sufficient green spaces, numerous rural challenges are addressed and an overall upliftment of the communities’ mental and physical well-being, social inclusion and quality of life is established.
Nicolene de Jong,
Social Upliftment as a Result of Green Space Provision in Rural Communities, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Special Issue: Planning for Sustainable Communities: Green-Spaces in Rural Areas.
Vol. 4, No. 4-1,
2015, pp. 14-20.
Department of Rural Development and Land Reform see South Africa (1). Department of Rural Development and Land Reform.
South Africa (1). Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Strategy (ISRDS), 2000, Pretoria.
Department of Rural Development and Land Reform see South Africa (2). Department of Rural Development and Land Reform.
South Africa (2). Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, Rural Development Framework (RDF). 1997, Pretoria.
NSDP see South Africa (3).
South Africa (3), National Spatial Development Perspective (NSDP), 2006, The Presidency, RSA.
O. Barbosa, J.A. Tratalos, P.R. Armsworth, R.G. Davies, R.A. Fuller, P. Johnson & K.J. Gaston, Who benefits from access to green space? A case study from Sheffield, UK, 2007, Landscape and Urban Planning, 83 (2007): 187-195.
O. Wilson & O. Hughes, Urban Green Space Policy and Discourse in England under New Labour from 1997 to 2010, 2011, Planning Practice & Research, 26(2):207–228.
E. Lange, S. Hehl-Lange & M.J. Brewer, Scenario-visualization for the assessment of perceived green space qualities at the urban–rural fringe, 2007, Journal of Environmental Management, 89(2008):245-256.
P. McGroarty, South Africa’s Economic Growth Continues to Decline., 2014, http://www.wsj.com/articles/south-africas-economic-growth-continues-to-decline-1416913563 Date of access: 30 March 2015.
LDCE (Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English), Harlow, England: Pearson Education Limited, 2003, 2272p.
I. Mulalic, Embedding social dimensions into economic and environmental accounting and indicator systems: Some aspects to consider. Copenhagen, Denmark: Statistics Denmark, 2004.
I. Scoones, Livelihoods perspectives and rural development. Journal of Peasant Studies, 2009, 36(1):1-26.
Philips, Liveable Cities: Challenges and opportunities for policymakers, A report from the Economist Intelligence Unit. London: The Economist Intelligence Unit, 2010.
J.M. Henslin, Social Problems, 2003, http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_henslin_socprob_6/0,6624,494563-,00.html Date of access: 3 March 2013.
R. Veenhoven & J. Ehrhardt, The cross-national pattern of happiness: Test of predictions implied in three theories of happiness. Social Indicators Research, 1995, 34:33-68.
C. Campbell, Y. Nair, S. Maimane & Z. Sibiya, Supporting people with AIDS and their carers in rural South Africa: Possibilities and challenges, 2008, http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/5471/ Date of access: 28 Feb. 2013.
M. Gopaul, The significance of rural areas in South Africa for tourism development through community participation with special reference to Umgababa, a rural area located in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. Pretoria: University of South Africa, 2006. (Dissertation – Master of Arts).
C.M. Shackleton & A. Blair, Perceptions and use of public green space is influenced by its relative abundance in two small towns in South Africa. Landscape and urban Planning, 2013, 113(2013):104-112.
R.F. Young, Managing municipal green space for ecosystem services, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 2010, 9(2010):313–321.
J.O. Odindi & P. Mhangara, Green Spaces Trends in the City of Port Elizabeth from 1990 to 2000 using Remote Sensing. International Journal of Environmental Research, 2012, 6(3):653-662.
C. Swanwick, N. Dunnet & H. Woolley, Nature, Role and Value of Green Space in Towns and Cities: An Overview. Built Environment, 2003, 29(2):94-106.
C.D. Ward, C.M. Parker & C.M. Shackleton, The use and appreciation of botanical gardens as urban green spaces in South Africa. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 2009, 9(2010): 49-55.
Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions (DTLR), Green Spaces, Better Places: Final Report of the Urban Green Spaces Taskforce. London: TSO, 2002.
M.M. McConnachie & C.M. Shackleton, Public green space inequality in small towns in South Africa. Habitat International, 2009, 34(2010):244-248.