Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2016, Pages: 43-47
Received: Apr. 15, 2016;
Accepted: Apr. 22, 2016;
Published: Jun. 4, 2016
Views 3738 Downloads 141
Berhane Sibhatu, Department of Agronomy, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Mehoni Agricultural Research Center, Maichew, Ethiopia
Hayelom Berhe, Land and Water Research Process, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Mehoni Agricultural Research Center, Maichew, Ethiopia
Gebremeskel Gebrekorkos, Department of Agronomy, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Mehoni Agricultural Research Center, Maichew, Ethiopia
Kasaye Abera, Department of Agronomy, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Mehoni Agricultural Research Center, Maichew, Ethiopia
Dekoko is highly appreciated by the local people for its taste and high market value. However, productivity of Dekoko is limited by improper planting time. An experiment on Dekoko planting time was, therefore, conducted in 2013 and 2014 cropping seasons to determine the appropriate planting time of Dekoko that maximizes its productivity under rain fed conditions. Treatments comprised combinations of four planting time (dry planting about 5-7 days before the beginning of main rain season, when the rain fall amount received greater or equal to 10 mm at once or cumulative, when the rain fall amount received greater or equal to 20 mm at once or cumulative and when the rain fall amount received greater or equal to 30 mm at once or cumulative) were carried out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The analyzed result showed that days to maturity, number of pods plant-1, grain and biomass yields were significantly influenced (P<0.05) by planting time. Dekoko matured late during dry planting. Dekoko planted when the rain fall amount received is greater or equal to 20 mm at once or cumulative gave high (21) number of pods plant-1. Similarly, the maximum grain (533.53 - 638.00 kg ha-1) and biomass (1635.23 - 1820.06 kg ha-1) yields were produced during planting time when the rain fall amount received is greater or equal to 20 mm at once or cumulative, while the minimum values were due to dry planting. It is, therefore, concluded that planting of Dekoko when the rain fall amount received is greater or equal to 20 mm at once or cumulative can be recommended for the growers in the study area to improve Dekoko productivity. Moreover, further research works on different varieties along with different soil moisture levels, planting dates and soil types can be a step forward to identify best sustainable technology on the growth and yield improvements of Dekoko.
Determination of Appropriate Planting Time for Dekoko (Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum) Productivity Improvement in Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 5, No. 3,
2016, pp. 43-47.
Haddis, Y., Hussein, M., Berhanu, A., Birhanu, A. "Association of traits with yield in Dekoko (Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum) accessions in the highlands of southern Tigray, Ethiopia." African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(12): 1480-1487, 19 March 2015.
Yemane, A., and Skjelvag, A. O. "The physic-chemical features of Dekoko (Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum) seeds." J. Agron and Crop Sci., 189: 14-22, 2002.
Sentayehu, A. "Assessment of Nutrient Contents of Different Field Pea Genotypes (Pisium sativumL.) in South west Ethiopia." Department of Plant Sciences, Jima University, Jimma, Ethiopia, 2009.
Harris, D., Breese, W. A., and Kumar Rao, J. V. D. K. "The improvement of crop yield in marginal environment using “On farm” seed priming: Nodulation, nitrogen fixation and disease resistance." Australian Journal of Agronomy, 56 (11): 1211-1218, 2005.
Tylor, A. G., Motes, J. E. and Kirkham, M. B. "Germination and Seedling Growth Characteristics of Three Tomato Species Affected by Water Deficits."Hort. J., 107: 282-285, 1982.
Maiti, R. K. and Moreno-Limon, S. "Seed and Seedling Traits in Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and Its Relation to Abiotic Stress Resistance." Legume Res., 24 (4): 211-221, 2001.
Gupta, S. N. "Studies on Genetic Variability for Drought Resistance in Chickpea." Seed Res., 25 (1): 19-24, 1985.
Sharma, R. A. "Influence of Drought Stress on the Emergence and Growth of Chickpea Seedlings." International Chickpea Newsletter, 12: 15-16, 1985.
Hosseini, N. M., Siddique, K. H. M., Palta, J. A., and Berger J. "Effect of Soil Moisture Content on Seedling Emergence and Early Growth of Some Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes." J. Agric. Sci. Technol, 11: 401-411, 2009.
Kidane, G. Dryland Agriculture Production System in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, 2015, pp. 116.
Kamithi, K. D., Kibe, A. M. and Wachira, F. "Effect of different initial soil moisture on desi chickpea ICCV 95107 (Cicer arietinum L.) dry matter production and crop growth rate." International Journal of Environmental and Agriculture Research (IJOEAR), 1 (6): 1-10, October 2015.
Haileslassie, G., Haile, A., Wakuma, B., and Kedir, J. "Performance evaluation of hot pepper (Capsicum annum L.) varieties for productivity under irrigation at Raya Valley, Northern, Ethiopia." Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Review, 4 (7): 211-216, July 2015.
SAS (Statistical Analysis System) Institute. SAS User Guides, Version 9.1. North Carolina, USA: SAS Inc. Cary, 2004.
K. A. Gomez and A. A. Gomez. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd edition. New York. John Viley and Sons Inc., 1984, pp. 121-35.
Momen, N. N., Carlson, R. E., Shaw, R. H. and Arjmend, O. "Moisture Stress Effects on Yield Components of Two Soybean Cultivars." Agro. J., 71: 86-90, 1979.
Kramer. P. J. "Water stress and plant growth."Agron. J. 55: 31-5, 1963.
Constable, G. R. and Hern, A. B. "Agronomic and Physiological Responses of Soybean and Sorghum Crops to Water Deficits. I. Growth, Development and Yield."Aust. J. Plant Physio., 5: 159-167, 1978.