Fiber Dimension and Derivatives Value of Sugar Palm Frond in Various Positions
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 66-68
Received: Mar. 16, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 24, 2017; Published: Apr. 1, 2017
Views 1944      Downloads 96
Fatriani, Faculty of Forestry, University of Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarbaru, Indonesia
Banjarbaru, Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Faculty of Forestry, University of Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarbaru, Indonesia
Article Tools
Follow on us
This study aimed to analyze the dimensions of fiber and its derivatives in order to utilize as an alternative material of pulp and paper making. Dimensions of fiber include fiber length, fiber diameter, lumen diameter, and cell wall thickness; the values of derivatives studied were runkell ratio, felting power, muhlstep ratio, flexibility ratio, and coefficient of rigidity. Sugar palm frond came from Pingaran Village, Astambul District, Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan. The results show the length of fiber is included in fiber quality class III, Runkell ratio Value, Muhlstep ratio value, and the flexibility ratio value of fiber quality class I, felting power value of fiber quality class IV, Coefficient of Rigidity value of fiber quality class II. Overall fibers produced are included in fiber quality class II with a score of 450. Based on the value of fiber dimension and fiber dimension derivative, the fiber of sugar palm can be used as an alternative raw material for pulp and paper making.
Sugar Palm Frond, Dimensional Fiber and Its Derivatives, The Quality of the Fiber, Pulp and Paper
To cite this article
Fatriani, Banjarbaru, Fiber Dimension and Derivatives Value of Sugar Palm Frond in Various Positions, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2017, pp. 66-68. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20170602.13
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Anonymous, 1976. Vademecuum of Indonesian Forestry. Agriculture Department. General Directorate of Forestry. Jakarta
Haygreen, J. G and J. l Bowyer. 1996. Forestry and Wood Science. An Introduction, Translation, Gajah Mada University Press
Nurrahman, A and Silitonga, T. 1972. Fiber Dimension of Some Types of South Sumatra Woods. Reports 2, LPHH, Bogor
Narendra. D. B. 2012. Studies Pulping Processes sheaths Fibers and Fiber Fruit Nipah with Microbiological Methods. Essay. Faculty of Agricultural Technology. Brawijaya University, Malang
Pasaribu. R. A. and A. P. Tampubolon. 2007. Status of Utilization of Wood Fiber Technology for Raw Materials Pulp. Socialization Workshop BPHPS Programs and Activities to Support Needs Wood Pulp Plantation Forest Research and Network
Ruliati. S and M. Lempang. 2004. Physical properties and Teak Wood Anatomy of Muna and South kendari. Journal of Forest Research. Vol 22, No. 4: 231 - 237. Research and Development Center of Forest Products Technology. Bogor
Silitongs, T; Siagian, R and Nurrachman, A. 1972. Wood Fiber Measurement Method in Forest Products Research Institute. Special Publication 12. August, 1972. LPHH, Bogor
Syafii, W and I. Z, Siregar, 2006. Chemical Characteristics and Fiber Dimension of Mangium Wood (Acacia mangium Wild) of three provenances. Journal of Science and Technology Tropical Wood Vol 4, # 1. Indonesian Wood Research Society
Smook, G. A. 1994. Handbook for Pulp and Paper Technologists Second Ed. Friesen Printers Angus Wilde Publication Inc. Kanada
Wardoyo. A. 2001. Effect of Chemicals in Pulp softening properties Semikimia Flakes Against Acacia mangium wild. Thesis, IPB. Bogor (not published)
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186