Thermal Sampling and Compensation Phenomena of PVVH/ZnO Nanocomposite Polymer Using TSDC Technique
Modern Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 60-69
Received: May 16, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 4, 2017; Published: Aug. 10, 2017
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Authors
Moustafa Tawfik Ahmed, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Maysa Ismail Abd-Elhamid, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Afaf Sarhan, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Aya Hassan, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
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Abstract
Thermo-electrets of poly (vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate-co-2 hydroxy propyl acrylate) PVVH and its nanocomposite PVVH/ZnO were prepared using the thermal poling method. Thermally stimulated depolarization current TSDC technique used to study the alpha relaxation of the samples. The global spectra of the nanocomposites revealed that ZnO nanoparticles are completely compatible with the polymer matrix. The activation energy was calculated and found to be in the range of 0.69-1.25 eV. TS technique was used to resolve the complex TSDC behavior and thermodynamic parameters were obtained from Eyring relationship which verified the linear relation between the activation enthalpy ΔH and the activation entropy ΔS. The compensation phenomena had been studied and the degree of disorder DOD of all samples has been calculated and results values in the range 15 to 35.24 Cal degree-1.
Keywords
Nanocomposites, TSDC, Thermal Sampling, Enthalpy, Entropy, Activation Free Energy, Compensation, DOD
To cite this article
Moustafa Tawfik Ahmed, Maysa Ismail Abd-Elhamid, Afaf Sarhan, Aya Hassan, Thermal Sampling and Compensation Phenomena of PVVH/ZnO Nanocomposite Polymer Using TSDC Technique, Modern Chemistry. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 60-69. doi: 10.11648/j.mc.20170504.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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