Physico-Chemical Parameters of Industrial Effluents from a Brewery Industry in Imo State, Nigeria
Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2018, Pages: 50-55
Received: Oct. 1, 2018;
Accepted: Oct. 15, 2018;
Published: Jan. 16, 2019
Views 324 Downloads 43
Iwuozor Kingsley Ogemdi, Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Ekpunobi Emmanuel Chidubem, Department of Microbiology, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria
This work examined some physicochemical parameters of effluents from a Brewery Industry in Imo state. This company discharged effluents in non-compliance with the Nigerian National Regulations as confirmed from the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Electrical Conductivity (EC), Nitrogen, and Turbidity results from this research. From the results of the elemental analysis of the Industrial effluent of the company, the values for Cd, Co, Cr, Fe, Mg, Ni, Mn and Zn fell within the range of the limit set by FEPA. The concentrations of Lead and Copper in the effluents of the Brewery industry were within the range of FEPA approved limit. The heavy metals have concentrations that were within WHO/FEPA limits. The study has shown that the Brewery Industry effluents had their BOD, COD, EC, Turbidity and Colour above the required WHO/FEPA standards. This undoubtedly has negative impacts both on the environment and living things including human beings. Since the results of analyses have shown that the Brewery Industry effluents are not well treated, it has been recommended that Regulatory agencies of states and Nigeria should monitor and ensure compliance of proper effluent treatment by Industries. These confirmed results posed health risks to several rural communities which rely on the receiving water bodies as their primary source of domestic water. There is need for the intervention of appropriate regulatory agencies to ensure production of high quality treated final effluents. This scenario is typical of most industries in developing nations where enforcement of environmental regulations are deficient. To avoid pollution, Regulatory Authorities should closely monitor compliance by industries.
Iwuozor Kingsley Ogemdi,
Ekpunobi Emmanuel Chidubem,
Physico-Chemical Parameters of Industrial Effluents from a Brewery Industry in Imo State, Nigeria, Modern Chemistry.
Vol. 6, No. 4,
2018, pp. 50-55.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Adigun, B. A., (2005). Water quality management in aquaculture and freshwater zooplankton production for use in fish hatcheries vol. 1. Alabi Printing Production, Nigeria. P. 22.
Adhikari, S., Gupta, S. K., Banerjee, S. K., (1993). Heavy metals content of city sewage and sludge, J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 170-172.
Adriano, D. C., (2001). Trace elements in terrestrial environments: Biochemistry, bioavailability and risks of metals, p. 867.
Ahmad, S. A. Rizvi, R., (2003). Toxic effects of vegetables grown by city effluents on human health, The Environ. Monitor, 12 (1), 21-22.
Ahmed, K., (2000). Impact of Industrial Effluents on Surface Waters. Science, Technology & Development, 19 (4), 12-17.
Ali, J., Javaid, M. A., (1997). Accumulation and distribution of Cd and Pb in sewage effluent irrigated soils, J. Eng. Appl. Sci., 16 (1), 43-47.
Alloway, B. J., (1993). The plant availability and DTPA extractability of trace metals in sludge-amended soils, Sci. Total Environ., pp 39-51.
Alor and Ukor (2003). Corrective action for water that does not meet there commended guideline. Retrieved August 14, 2017 from http://www.lookd.com.
American Public Health Association (APHA) (1998). Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Waste water. American Public Health Association, Washington, p. 1130.
Anna, E. O., Adedipe, N. O., (1996). Water quality monitoring and environmental status in Nigeria. FEPA Monograph 6, FEPA, Abuja, Nigeria, p. 239.
Ansar, A., Khad, F., (2005). Eutrophication: An Ecological Vision. The Botanical Review, 71(4), 449-82.
Marvin, Y. A., (1971). McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, vol. 14. McGraw-Hill Inc. N. Y., pp 96-112.
Muhibbu- din. O. I., Aduwo, A. O., and Adedeji, A. A., (2011). Study of physico-chemical parameters of effluent impacted stream in ObafemiAwolowo
Syed N. H., (2008). A study of polluted eco-system of industrialareas caused by the industrial effluents. Unpublished PhD thesis, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan, pp 18-29.
World Health Organization (WHO), (1990). Guidelines for drinking-water quality, Health Criteria and other supporting information.
WHO., (1990). Trace elements in human nutrition, Technical report series No. 797, Geneva.
WHO., (1989). Health guidelines for use of wastewater in agriculture and aquaculture. Technical Report Series 778. Geneva, Switzerland, pp 65-69.