Please enter verification code
Synthesis and Effect of Lattice Strain on the Debye-Waller Factors of Zinc Nanoparticles
Modern Chemistry
Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 5-9
Received: Dec. 18, 2018; Accepted: Jan. 20, 2019; Published: Jan. 31, 2019
Views 925      Downloads 175
Endla Purushotham, Department of Physics, Humanities and Science, S R Engineering College (Autonomous), Warangal, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Zn nanopowder was prepared by high-energy ball milling has been investigated. Zn powders were ball milled in an argon inert atmosphere. The milled powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy measurements. Lattice strains in Zn powders produced by milling have been analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction. The lattice strain () and Debye-Waller factor (B) are determined from the half-widths and integrated intensities of the Bragg reflections. Debye-Waller factor is found to increase with the lattice strain. From the correlation between the strain and effective Debye-Waller factors have been estimated for Zn. The variation of energy of vacancy formation as a function of lattice strain has been studied.
Ball Milling, X-Ray Diffraction, Particle Size, Lattice Strain, Debye-Waller Factor, Vacancy Formation Energy
To cite this article
Endla Purushotham, Synthesis and Effect of Lattice Strain on the Debye-Waller Factors of Zinc Nanoparticles, Modern Chemistry. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 5-9. doi: 10.11648/
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Md. Imran Mohiuddin, A. Devaraju and B. Manichandra, International Journal of Materials Science, 12, issue.4 (2017) 599-605.
M. Shiva Chander, P. Satish Kumar, A. Devaraju, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 8, issue.11 (2017) 327–334. N. Kavcar, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 52 (1998) 183.
P. Satish Kumar, Ch. S. R. Sastry, A. Devaraju, Materials Today Proceedings Elsevier, 4, issue.2 (2017) 330-335.
V. Ashok Kumar, P. Sammaiah, Science Direct Materials Today, 1 (2017) 7.
E. F.Skelton and J. L. Katz ,Phys. Rev. 171,801 (1968).
E. Rossmanith, Acta Cryst. A33, 593 (1977).
M. Inagaki, H. Furuhashi, T. Ozeki et al., J Mater Sci. 6, 1520 (1971).
M. Inagaki, H. Furuhashi, T. Ozeki & S.Naka, J. Mater, Sci.8, 312 (1973).
D. B.Sirdeshmukh, K. G.Subhadra, K. A.Hussain, N. Gopi Krishna, B. Raghave-ndra Rao, Cryst. Res. Technol, 28, 15 (1993).
N. Gopi Krishna and D. B. Sirdeshmukh, Indian J Pure & Appl Phys.31, 198 (1993).
N. Gopi Krishna et al, Indian J Phys. 84 (7), 887 (2010).
D. R. Chipman and A. Paskin, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1938 (1959).
N. Gopi Krishna, D. B. Sirdeshmukh, B. Rama Rao, B. J. Beandry and K. A. Jr. Gsch-neidner, Indian J Pure & Appl Phys.24, 324 (1986).
R. W. James, The optical principles of the diffraction of x-rays (Bell and Sons, London, 1967).
International tables for X ray crystallography, Vol.III (Kynoch press, Birmingham) (1968).
Bharati, R., Rehani, P. B., Joshi, Kirit N., Lad and Arun Pratap, Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics, 44, (2006) 157-161.
Wilson, A. J. C., (1949). X-ray Optics (Methuen, London).
Kaelble, E. F., Handbook of X-rays (New York Mc Graw ill) (1967).
J. F. Vetelino, S. P. Gaur, S. S. Mitra, Phys. Rev. B5, 2360 (1972).
H. R.Glyde, J. Phys and Chem Solids (G. B), 28, 2061 (1967).
Micro-and Macro-Properties of Solids,Springer Series in Material Science, (2006).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186