Spectroscopic Investigation of Metal Level in Aloe Vera Plant, and the Soil Where the Aloe Vera Grows: Arba Minch, Southern Ethiopia
Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 1-8
Received: Jan. 9, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 21, 2015;
Published: Feb. 13, 2015
Views 2940 Downloads 185
Tessema Derbe, Department of chemistry, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia
Belete Yilma, Department of chemistry, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
The main objective of this study was to assess the metals level in Aloe Vera and in the soil where the Aloe Vera plant has grown in three sites, namely; Konso, Welaita and Arba Minch in southern region of Ethiopia using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The results of this study reveal that Aloe Vera plant has the ability to accumulate relatively higher amounts of K and Mn among the determined macro-and micro-elements, respectively. The mean levels of metal in Aloe Vera among three geographical areas in this study could be put in the following order: K (51.880 mg/Kg>> Ca (27.440 mg/Kg) > Mg (7.890 mg/Kg) > Na (2.335 mg/Kg) > Mn (2.083 mg/Kg) > Fe (2.043 mg/Kg) > Ni (2.033 mg/Kg) > Cr (1.670 mg/Kg) > Co (0.947 mg/Kg) > Cu (0.189 mg/Kg). But the metals level in soil are decreased in the order of: Ca (25.110 mg/Kg) > Mg (7.600 mg/Kg) > K (2.764 mg/Kg) > Na (2.330 mg/Kg) > Ni (2.240 mg/Kg) > Fe (2.157 mg/Kg) > Cr (1.700 mg/Kg) > Co (1.650 mg/Kg) > Mn (1.510 mg/Kg) > Cu (0.189 mg/Kg). Hence, the metal level in Aloe Vera are more dominant since plants absorb metal ions from different sources and then hyper-accumulated.
Spectroscopic Investigation of Metal Level in Aloe Vera Plant, and the Soil Where the Aloe Vera Grows: Arba Minch, Southern Ethiopia, Modern Chemistry.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2015, pp. 1-8.
M. G. Matti, S. A. Al-Ameen, S. H. Rashed. “Some biochemical effects of Aloe Vera leaves on tissues in normal mice,” Iraqi. J. Vet. Sci. vol.24, pp.93-97, 2010.
A. Rajendran, V. Narayanan, I. Gnanavel Study on the analysis of trace elements in Aloe Vera and its biological importance. J. Appl. Sci. Res.vol. 3, pp.1476-1478, 2007.
S. Rai, D. K. Sharma, S. S. Arora, M. Sharma, A. K. Chopra. “Concentration of the heavy metals in Aloe Vera leaves collected from different geographical locations of India,” Annu. Biol. Res. Vol. 2, pp.575-579, 2011.
S. Rajasekaran, K.Sivagnanam, S. Subramanian. “Mineral contents of Aloe Vera leaf gel and their role on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Biol. Trace. Elem. Res.vol. 5, pp.185-194, 2005.
T. C Kazembe, P. Gapu, Z. J. Duri. “Metals and metal ions in some plants used for wound healing in Zimbabwe,” Bull. Environ. Pharmacol. Life. Sci. vol. 1, pp. 30-39, 2012.
E. V. Christaki, P. C. Florou-Paneri. “Aloe Vera: a plant for many uses,” J. Food. Agric. Environ. -2010, 8, pp.245-249.
M. Garg, J. Singh Quantitative. “AAS estimation of heavy metals and trace elements in marketed ayurvedic Churna preparations in India,” Ind. J. Pharma. Sci. Res.vol. 3, pp.1331-1336, 2012.
S. Thiruppathi, V. Ramasubramanian, T. Sivakumar, A. V. Thirumalai. “Antimicrobial activity of Aloe Vera (L.) against pathogenic microorganisms,” J. Biol. Scient. Res, pp.251-258, 20101.
C. T. Ramachandra, C. T. Srinivasa. “Processing of Aloe Vera leaf gel,” Am. J .Agric. Biol. Sci.vol. 3, pp.502-510, 2008.
S. Irshad, M. Butt, H. Younus. “In-Vitro antibacterial activity of Aloe Barbadensis Miller (Aloe Vera). Int. J. Pharma. Res.- 2011, 1, PP. 59-64.
V. Saritha, K. R. Anilakumar, K. Farhath. “Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of Aloe Vera gel extracts,” Int. J. Pharma. Bio. Arch. Vol.1, pp.376-384, 2010.
K. Sukender, S. Jaspreet, D. Sneha, G .Munish. “AAS estimation of heavy metals and trace elements in Indian herbal cosmetic preparations,” Res. J. Chem. Sci.vol. 2, pp.46-51, 2012.
K. Mohamed, E. Ali. “Antidiabetic, antihypercholestermic and anti-oxidative effect of Aloe Vera gel extract in alloxan-induced diabeticrats,” Aust. J. Basic. Appl. Sci. vol. 5, pp. 1321-1327, 2011.
S. Arunkumar, M. Muthuselvam. “Analysis of phytochemical constituents and antimicrobial activities of Aloe Vera L. against clinical pathogens,” World. Agric. Sci. vol. 5, pp.572-576, 2009.
G. G. Yebpella, M. M. Adeyemi-Hassan, C. Hammuel, A. M. Magomya, A. S. Agbaji, E. M. Okonkwo. “Phtyochemical screening and co mparative study of antimicrobial activity of Aloe Vera various extracts,” Afri. J. Microbiol. Res. Vol. 5, pp. 1182-1187, 2011.
A. K. Tin. “Evaluation of the antifungal and antioxidant activities of the leaf extract of Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis miller),” World. Acad. Sci. Engg. Tech. vol.51, pp.609-611, 2011.
K. Dinesh, K. D.Sharma, S.S. Arora, P.M.Gupta, R. Sharma, R. A.K. Chopra. “Study of the trace elements in Aloe Vera L. (Aloe barbandensis miller) viz Liliaceae and its biological and environmental importance,” J. Chem. Pharma. Res. Vol. 3, PP.64-68, 2011.
K. Mohamed, E. Ali. “Antidiabetic, antihypercholestermic and anti-oxidative effect of Aloe Vera gel extract in alloxan-induced diabeticrats,” Aust. J. Basic. Appl. Sci. vol.5, 1321-1327, 2011.
D. K. Burns,A. Towshend. “Use of the term recovery and apparent recovery in anlytical procedures,” Pure. Appl. Chem.vol. 74, PP. 2201-2205, 2002.
B. Hina,G. H. Rizwani, S. Naseem, “Determination of toxic metals in some herbal drugs through atomic absorption spectroscopy,” Pak. J. Pharma. Sci.vol. 24, PP. 353-358, 2011.
M.Rahimi, R. Farhadi, M.S. balashahri. “Effects of heavy metals on the medicinal plant,” Int. J. Agron. Plant. Prod. vol. 3, PP. 154-158, 2012.
S. R. Sahito, T. G. Kazi, M. A.Memon, Q. Shaikh, M.A. Jakhrani, G. Q. Shar. “Comparison of sample preparation methods for determination of essencial and toxic elements in important indigenous medicina plant Aloe barbadensis,” J. Chem. Soc. Pak.,vol. 25, PP. 201-205, 2013.