Tornadoes and the Global Anisotropy of the Physical Space
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 93-112
Received: Mar. 18, 2014; Accepted: Apr. 8, 2014; Published: Apr. 10, 2014
Views 2763      Downloads 111
Authors
Yuriy Alexeevich Baurov, Closed Joint Stock Company Research Institute of Cosmic Physics, Moscow Region, Korolyov, Pionerskaya, Russia ; Present address: Hotwater Srl, San Miniato (PI), Via Gioberti, Italy
Igor Fedorovich Malov, Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.N.Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow Region, Pushchino, Russia
Francesco Meneguzzo, Institute of Biometeorology, National Research Council, Firenze, Via Caproni, Italy
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Whereas the basic physical mechanisms leading to the onset and evolution of tornadoes have been well established, some progress can still be useful to identify the conditions supporting the development of a tornado towards a violent or catastrophic stage, as well as possible specific and observable events triggering the onset of a tornado in a generally favorable atmospheric environment. On the basis of an assumed global anisotropy of the physical spaceand the associated non-gauge byuon theory, an additional mechanism of energy accumulation in the process of development of a tornado to its mature stage is proposedand its consistency is checked against a dataset of individual tornadoes as well as of tornado outbreaks. The results point to a significant link between the angle formed by the cosmological vector potentialrepresenting the global anisotropy of the physical space and the surface tangent to the local Earth’s surface and the occurrence of the most energetic tornadoes; as a consequence, such tornadoes are shown to occur only at specific times of the day depending on latitude, longitude and day of the year. Moreover, a further additional mechanism is proposed for the early origin of a tornado, on the basis of the interaction of a large peak current lightning discharge with the cosmological vector potential introduced by the byuon theory. It is shown how, in the framework of the proposed theory, a fraction of the energy of a tornado at its onset stage can originate from the self-energy associated with the formation of the physical space of elementary particles located along the lightning discharge. The verification of the proposed mechanism for the onset of tornadoes is delayed to later time when suitable data sets will be available.
Keywords
Tornado, Fujita scale, Anisotropy of the physical space, Byuon theory, Lightning
To cite this article
Yuriy Alexeevich Baurov, Igor Fedorovich Malov, Francesco Meneguzzo, Tornadoes and the Global Anisotropy of the Physical Space, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2014, pp. 93-112. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20140302.19
References
[1]
S.A. Arsen’yev, "Mathematical modeling of tornadoes and squall storms", Geosci Front vol. 2, pp. 215–221, 2011.
[2]
S.A. Arsen’yev, N.K. Shelkovnikov, "Electromagnetic fields in tornados and spouts" Moscow Univ Phys Bull, vol. 67:pp. 290–295, 2012.
[3]
A.Y. Gubar, A.I. Avetisyan, V.V. Babkova, "Tornado rise: 3D numerical model in the mesoscale turbulence theory of Nikolaevskiy", Dokl Earth Sci, vol. 419, pp. 467–472, 2008
[4]
N. Kufa, R. Snow, "Lightning: meteorology’s new tool. 86th AMS Annu. Meet. (Atlanta, GA)". Second Conf. Meteorol. Appl. Light. Data, American Meteorological Society; 2006.
[5]
A.J. Litta, U.C. Mohanty, S. Kiran Prasad, M. Mohapatra, A. Tyagi, S.C. Sahu, "Simulation of tornado over Orissa (India) on March 31, 2009, using WRF–NMM model. Nat Hazards", vol. 61, pp. 1219–1242, 2011
[6]
A.E. Mercer, C.M. Shafer, C.A. Doswell, L.M. Leslie, M.B. Richman, "Objective Classification of Tornadic and Nontornadic Severe Weather Outbreaks". Mon Weather Rev, vol. 137, pp. 4355–4368, 2009
[7]
L. Schielicke, P. Névir, "Comprehensive analysis of tornado statistics in comparison to earthquakes: intensity and temporal behaviour", Nonlinear Process Geophys, vol. 20, pp. 47–57, 2013
[8]
V.I. Ermakov, Y.I. Stozhkov, "Thunderstorm Cloud Physics". Moscow (in Russian). Available at: Http://ellphi.lebedev.ru/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/2004_2.pdf: 2004.
[9]
A. Nag, V.A. Rakov, "Positive lightning: An overview, new observations, and inferences", J Geophys Res, 117:D08109, 2012.
[10]
C.G. Price, "Lightning Applications in Weather and Climate Research". Surv Geophys, vol. 34, pp. 755–767, 2013.
[11]
W. Lyons, T. Nelson, E. Williams, J. Cramer, T. Turner, "Enhanced positive cloud-to-ground lightning in thunderstorms ingesting smoke from fires". Science, vol. 282, pp. 77–80, 1998.
[12]
T.G. Chronis, "Preliminary lightning observations over Greece", J Geophys Res 117:D03113, 2012.
[13]
T.C. Marshall, M. Stolzenburg, "Voltages inside and just above thunderstorms", J Geophys Res, vol. 106, pp. 4757–4768, 2001.
[14]
C. R. Maggio, T.C. Marshall, M. Stolzenburg, "Estimations of charge transferred and energy released by lightning flashes", J Geophys Res, 114:D14203, 2009.
[15]
A.H. Perez, L.J. Wicker, R.E. Orville, "Characteristics of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Associated with Violent Tornadoes". Weather Forecast, vol. 12, pp. 428–437, 1997.
[16]
A. Seimon, "Anomalous Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in an F5-Tornado-Producing Supercell Thunderstorm on 28 August 1990", Bull Am Meteorol Soc, vol. 74, pp. 189–203, 1993.
[17]
L.D. Carey, W.A. Petersen, S.A. Rutledge, "Evolution of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning and Storm Structure in the Spencer, South Dakota, Tornadic Supercell of 30 May 1998", Mon Weather Rev, vol. 131, pp. 1811–1831, 2003.
[18]
Storm Prediction Center WCM Page, http://www.spc.noaa.gov/wcm/#data(last accessed: November 16, 2013.
[19]
Tornado history project, http://www.tornadohistoryproject.com/(last accessed: November16, 2013).
[20]
Yu. A. Baurov, E.Yu. Klimenko, S.I. Novikov, "Experimental observation of space magnetic anisotropy", Phys Lett A, vol. 162, pp. 32–34, 1992.
[21]
Yu.A. Baurov, "Space magnetic anisotropy and a new interaction in nature", Phys Lett A, vol. 181, pp. 283–288, 1993
[22]
Yu. A. Baurov, A.A. Konradov, V.F. Kushniruk, E.A. Kuznetsov, Yu.G. Sobolev , Yu. V. Ryabov, et al. "Experimental investigations of changes in beta-decay rate of 60Co and 137Cs", Mod. Phys. Lett. A, vol. 16, pp. 2089–2101, 2001
[23]
I.F. Malov, Yu.A. Baurov, "The distribution of space velocities of radio pulsars", Astron Reports, vol. 51, pp. 830–835, 2007.
[24]
Yu.A. Baurov, "The Anisotropy of Cosmic Rays and the Global Anisotropy of Physical Space", J. Mod. Phys., vol. 3, pp. 1744–1748, 2012.
[25]
Yu.A. Baurov, On the structure of physical vacuum and a new interaction in Nature (Theory, Experiment and Applications). NY: Nova Science; 2000.
[26]
Yu.A. Baurov, Global Anisotropy of Physical Space, Experimental and Theoretical Basis. NY: Nova Science; 2004.
[27]
Yu.A. Baurov, I.F. Malov, "On the Nature of Dark Matter and Dark Energy", J. Mod. Phys., vol. 1, pp. 17–32, 2010.
[28]
Yu.A. Baurov, I.F. Malov, "Variations of Decay Rates of Radio-active Elements and their Connections with Global Anisotropy of Physical Space", Int. J. Pure Appl. Phys., vol. 6,pp. 469–482, 2010; Also at: http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.5383.
[29]
Yu.A. Baurov, I.B. Timofeev, V.A. Chernikov, S.F. Chalkin, A.A. Konradov, "Experimental investigations of the distribution of pulsed-plasma-generator radiation at its various spatial orientation and global anisotropy of space", Phys. Lett. A, vol. 311,pp. 512–523, 2003.
[30]
Yu.A. Baurov, Yu.G. Sobolev, Yu.V. Ryabov, V.F. Kushniruk, "Experimental investigations of changes in the rate of beta decay of radioactive elements", Phys. At Nucl., vol. 70, pp. 1825–1835, 2007.
[31]
P.A. Sturrock, J.B. Buncher, E. Fischbach, II. D. Javorsek, J.H. Jenkins, J.J. Mattes, "Concerning the Phases of the Annual Variations of Nuclear Decay Rates", Astrophys J., vol. 737, p. 65, 2011.
[32]
Yu.A. Baurov, "Research of global anisotropy of physical space based on investigation of changes in β and α-decay rate of radioactive elements, motion of pulsars and anisotropy of cosmic rays", Am. J. Mod. Phys., vol. 2, pp. 177–184, 2013.
[33]
Yu.A. Baurov, A.A. Spitalnaya, A.A. Abramayan, V.A. Solodovnikov, "Seismic activity of the earth, the cosmological vectorial potential and method of a short-term earthquakes forecasting", Nat. Sci., vol. 3,pp. 109–119, 2011.
[34]
Yu.A. Baurov, F. Meneguzzo, A.Yu. Baurov, A.Yu. Baurov(j) , "Plasma Vacuum Bubbles and a New Force of Nature , The Experiments", Int. J. Pure Appl. Sci. Technol., vol. 11,pp. 34–44, 2012.
[35]
Yu. A. Baurov, A.G. Znak, V.G. Farafonov, "Experimental Investigation of Heat Content in the Jet of Magnetoplasmadynamic Accelerator in Accordance with its Spatial Orientation", Adv. Plasma Phys. Res., New York: Nova Science Publishers Inc; pp. vol. 5, pp. 179–96, 2007.
[36]
T.A. Deecke, J.V. Hyde, J.M. Hylko, "Packaging waste and hitting home runs: how education and lightning strike detection technology supports company and community activities", WM’06 Conf. Febr. 26-March 2, 2006, Tucson, AZ. Available http//www.wmsym.org/archives/2006/pdfs/6070.pdf, Tucson, AZ: 2006, p. 23.
[37]
L.D. Carey, "Lightning location relative to storm structure in a leading-line, trailing-stratiform mesoscale convective system", J. Geophys Res.,110:D03105.,2005.
[38]
S.J. Goodman, R.J. Blakeslee, W.J. Koshak, D. Mach, J. Bailey, D. Buechler, et al. "The GOES-R Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM)", Atmos. Res., pp. 125-126; pp. 34–49, 2013.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186