The Attract Force Equation of Energy
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 224-226
Received: Oct. 9, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 31, 2014; Published: Nov. 10, 2014
Views 3297      Downloads 234
Yan Ji, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
The attract force equation of energy deduced from the Newton the principle of gravitation and the mass–energy equation (E=mc2) of Einstein. The equation describe the attract force cause by two energy fields. It can be said that the energy exists in any form (such as energy of heat, energy of photon, electronic energy, magnetic energy, even kinetic energy, and potential energy) can cause the attract force between them. The constant Gc (8.26269×10-45 m-1kg-1s2) was given in the equation. The equation may help to explain and understand the phenomena of basis physics, cosmology and astronomy, such as the dark matter or dark energy.
Attract force, Energy, Equation
To cite this article
Yan Ji, The Attract Force Equation of Energy, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 224-226. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20140306.13
F. Zwicky, “Die Rotverschiebung von extragalaktischen Nebeln.” Helvetica Physica Acta. 1933, 6,110–127..
F. Zwicky, “On the Masses of Nebulae and of Clusters of Nebulae.” The Astrophysical Journal. 1937, 86, 217.
Ade, P. A. R.; Aghanim, N.; Armitage-Caplan, C.; et al. (Planck Collaboration) (22 March 2013). "Planck 2013 results. I. Overview of products and scientific results – Table 9.". Astronomy and Astrophysics
Ade, P. A. R.; Aghanim, N.; Armitage-Caplan, C.; et al. (Planck Collaboration) (31 March 2013). "Planck 2013 Results Papers". Astronomy and Astrophysics
"First Planck results: the Universe is still weird and interesting". Sean Carroll, Ph.D., Cal Tech, 2007, The Teaching Company, Dark Matter, Dark Energy: The Dark Side of the Universe, Guidebook Part 2 page 46, Accessed Oct. 7, 2013,
Walter Lewin (October 4, 1999). Work, Energy, and Universal GravitatioT Course 8.01: Classical Mechanics, Lecture 11. (ogg) (videotape) (in English). Cambridge, MA USA: MIT OCW.
Isaac Newton: "In [experimental] philosophy particular propositions are inferred from the phenomena and afterwards rendered general by induction": "Principia", Book 3, General Scholium, at p.392 in Volume 2 of Andrew Motte's English translation published 1729.
Einstein, A. Ist die Trägheit eines Körpers von seinem Energieinhalt abhängig?, Annalen der Physik, 1905,18 (13): 639–643,
Lev B.Okun, The concept of Mass, Physics Today 42 (6), June 1969, p. 31–36,
Paul Allen Tipler, Ralph A. Llewellyn (January 2003), Modern Physics, W. H. Freeman and Company, pp. 87–88,
I. Bernard Cohen and Anne Whitman, “translators:Isaac Newton , The Principia: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. Preceded by A Guide to Newton's Principia”University of California Press 1999. Proposition 75, Theorem 35: p.956
R. Tolman, Philosophical Magazine, 1912, 23, 375.
E. F. Taylor, J. A. Wheeler,“Spacetime Physics” second edition. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company. 1992.
D. Clowe, M. Bradac, A. H. Gonzalez et al. “A direct empirical proof of the existence of dark matter.”Astrophys J Lett. 2006,648,109.
George T. Gillies, “The Newtonian gravitational constant: recent measurements and related studies” Progress in Physics., 1997, 60,151.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186