Radon Emanation from Drinking Water Samples of Nineveh Province (IRAQ)
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 257-260
Received: Oct. 25, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 15, 2014; Published: Jan. 3, 2015
Views 2916      Downloads 132
Authors
Laith Ahmed Najam, Department of Physics, College of Science, Mosul Univ., Mosul, Iraq
Nada Fathil Tawfiq, Department of Physics, College of Science, Al-Nahrain Univ., Baghdad, Iraq
Enas Mohmad Younis, Department of Physics, College of Science, Mosul Univ., Mosul, Iraq
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The study include measurements of radon concentration in water samples for a total of eleven selected locations from Nineveh province. The natural exposure method using CR-39 track detector and the sealed cuptechniquewere chosen for analysis of radon concentration. Radon content in water samples of the study area ranges from 17.4Bq/l in Talskuf to 36.1 Bq/l in Sad Al-Mosul with an average value 26.37 Bq/l, all measured 222Rn activity concentrations in water are below the European Commission recommended level for radon in drinking water of 100 Bq/l.The results of the annual effective dose ranged from 64µSv/y in Talskuf to 132 µSv/y in Sad Al-Mosul, the total annual effective dose in 54.54% locations of the studied area are found to be within the safe limit (0.1 mSv/year) recommended by World Health Organization and EU Council and 45.45% locations are exceeding the annual effective dose limit of 0.1 mSv/y.
Keywords
Radon Emanation, Nineveh Province, Track density, Annual Effective Dose
To cite this article
Laith Ahmed Najam, Nada Fathil Tawfiq, Enas Mohmad Younis, Radon Emanation from Drinking Water Samples of Nineveh Province (IRAQ), American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 257-260. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20140306.20
References
[1]
EnsKapdan and NesrinAltinosy (2014), Indoor radon levels in work places of Adapazari, north –western Turkey, J. Earth Syst. Sci., 123(1), 213-217.
[2]
National Research Council, (1999), Health Effects of Exposure to Radon: BEIR VI. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
[3]
Ajay Kumar and Kaur, Amanjot, Kaur,(2014), A study of radon concentration in water and radon exhalation rate in soil samples belonging to Kapurthala district, Punjab, India, Advances in Applied Science Research ,5(1),43-47.
[4]
Agency for toxic substances and Diseases Registry (ATDSR), (1999) Report Tp-90229, Atlanta USA.
[5]
VikasDuggal, RohitMehra and Asha Rani,(2013), Analysis of radon concentration in drinking water in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan, India, Radiation Protection and Environment,36(2),65-70.
[6]
Zhuo W., Lida T., Yang X.,(2001), Occurrence of 222 Rn, 226 Ra, 228 Ra and U in groundwater in Fujian Province ,J. Environ Radioact 53(1), 111-120 .
[7]
Rani A., Mehra R., Duggal V., (2013), Radon monitoring in groundwater samples from some areas of Northern Rajasthan,India using a RAD7 detector, Radiat Protect Dosimetry, 153, 496-501.
[8]
Duggal V., Mehra R., Rani A.,(2013), Determination of 222 Rn level in groundwater using a RAD7 detector in Bathinda district Punjab India, Radiat. Prot.Dosimetry,156(2),239-245
[9]
RamolaRc, RawatRB,Kandari MS and Choubey V.M., (1997), Measurement of radon in drinking water and indoor air, Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry, 74(1-2), 103-106.
[10]
Srilatha M.C.,Rangaswamy D.R. and Sannappa J.J.,(2014), Studies on concentration of Radon and Physicochemical parameters in groundwater around Rammanagara and Tumkur districts ,Karnataka, India, International journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research,2(1),641-660.
[11]
Nada. F.Tawfiq, (2013), Uranium and radon concentration in ground water in Aucashat city (Iraq) and the associated health effects, Advances in Applied Science Research, 4(3), 167-171.
[12]
Misdaq M. A, Satif C, (1995), Journal Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 198(1), 179-189.
[13]
Fleischer R.L., Price P.B., Walker R.M., (1975), Nuclear Tracks in Solids, Principles and Applications. University of California Press, Berkeley, (USA).
[14]
Alam M. N., M. I. Chowdhry, M. Kamal, S. Ghose, M. N. Islam Waruddin M. A., (1999), Radi. Prot.Dosim., , 82,207.
[15]
United Nations Scientific Committee on the effects of Atomic Radiation, Sources, Effects and Risks of Ionizing Radiation. (1988), Report to the General Assembly, pp. 2479. United Nations, New York.
[16]
Cevik U, Damla N, Karahan G, et al.( 2006), Natural radioactivity in tap waters of eastern black sea region of Turkey. Radiation Protection Dosimetry118: 88-92.
[17]
Yu K. N., Guan Z. J., Stokes M. J. Young E. C. M., (1994), Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 45,809.
[18]
Choubey VM, Ramola RC (1997), Correlation between geology and radon levels in groundwater, soil and indoor air in Bhilangana Valley, Garhwala Himalaya, India.EnvironGeol 32 (4): 258-262.
[19]
Kuntsson G, Olofasson B., (2002) Radon content in groundwater from drilled wells in the Stockholm regions of Sweden. NGU-bulletin, pp.79-85.
[20]
United States Environmental Protection Agency, (1991), Federal Register 40 Parts 141 and 142 National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Radionuclides: Proposed Rule. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
[21]
European Commission. Commission recommendation of 20th December 2001 on the protection of the public against exposure to radon in drinking water. 2001. 2001/982/Euratom, L344/85, Official Journal of the European Commission.
[22]
WHO (World Health Organization), (2004), Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. 3rd Edn.,Recomm and ations, Geneva, ISBN: 92-45-154638 7.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186