The Group Theory as an Algebraic Approach for Prediction of Some Nuclear Structure Characteristics
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 196-202
Received: Jun. 9, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 26, 2015; Published: Jul. 7, 2015
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Author
A. Abdel-Hafiez, Experimental Nuclear Physics Department, Nuclear Research Center, AEA, Cairo, Egypt
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Abstract
An algebraic model depends upon the group theory emphasizes the coherent behavior of all of the nucleons. Among the kinds of collective motion that can occur in nuclei are rotations or vibrations that involve the entire nucleus. In this respect, the nuclear properties can be analyzed using the same description that is used to analyze the properties of a charged drop of liquid suspended in space. The algebraic collective model can thus be viewed as an extension of the liquid drop model, the algebraic collective model provides a good starting point for nuclear structure and then one could understand fission. For that purpose I have discussed and calculated some characteristics as the energy per particle, charge distribution, energy spectra for nuclei. Also, the collective potential-energy as a function of the internuclear distance and the potential as a function of the control parameter could be explained successfully as well.
Keywords
Group Theory, Algebraic Collective Model, Nuclear Structure
To cite this article
A. Abdel-Hafiez, The Group Theory as an Algebraic Approach for Prediction of Some Nuclear Structure Characteristics, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 196-202. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20150404.16
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