Time, Space, Gravity and Spacetime Based on Yangton & Yington Theory, and Spacetime Shrinkage Versus Universe Expansion
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 58-64
Received: May 12, 2016;
Accepted: May 30, 2016;
Published: Jul. 13, 2016
Views 4325 Downloads 147
Edward T. H. Wu, Solar Buster Corporation, Los Angeles, USA
Follow on us
Wu’s Particle is proposed as the building block of all Matters, therefore Time and Length can be measured by the Period and Size of the circulation of Wu’s Particle. For a local event, object and process, the Time, Length and Velocity measured by the Period and Size of Wu’s Particle have equal values as that of the identical events, objects and processes occurred at different locations measured by the corresponding Periods and Sizes of Wu’s Particles. However, for a remote event, object and process, the Time, Length and Velocity change with the Period and Size of Wu’s Particle at observation. For an event, object and process occurred in a large Gravitational Field and an ancient Universe, Time runs slower, Length gets longer and Velocity is smaller observed on Earth. As a result, light travels at lower speed with lower frequency and larger wavelength from a large Gravitational Field known as Gravitational Red Shift; also from a star of a few millions light years away known as Cosmological Red Shift. Spacetime is a four dimensional system based on the Period and Size of Wu’s Particle. Since the Period and Size of Wu’s Particle change with Gravitational Field and Concentration of Higgs Bosons, Spacetime is a function of Gravitational Field and Concentration of Higgs Bosons. In Wu’s Particle, Time is proportional to 3/2 power of Length which is named as “Wu’s Spacetime Theory”. Furthermore, instead of “Universe Accelerating Expansion Theory” which is based on the non-existing Dark Energy, “Spacetime Accelerating Shrinkage Theory” is proposed to explain the accelerating expansion of the Universe.
Yangton, Yington, Photon, Wu’s Particle, Higgs Boson, Particle Radiation, Gravitational Force, Gravitational Field, Time, Space, Spacetime, Black Hole, Gravitational Red Shift, Cosmological Red Shift, Universe Expansion, Dark Energy
To cite this article
Edward T. H. Wu,
Time, Space, Gravity and Spacetime Based on Yangton & Yington Theory, and Spacetime Shrinkage Versus Universe Expansion, American Journal of Modern Physics.
Vol. 5, No. 4,
2016, pp. 58-64.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Edward T. H. Wu, "Yangton and Yington-A Hypothetical Theory of Everything", Science Journal of Physics, Volume 2015, Article ID sjp-242, 6 Pages, 2015, doi: 10.7237/sjp/242.
Edward T. H. Wu. Subatomic Particle Structures and Unified Field Theory Based on Yangton and Yington Hypothetical Theory. American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 189-195. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20150404.15.
Edward T. H. Wu. Mass, Momentum, Force and Energy of Photon and Subatomic Particles, and Mechanism of Constant Light Speed Based on Yangton & Yington Theory. American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2016, pp. 45-50. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20160504.11.
Edward T. H. Wu. Light Speed in Vacuum Is not a Constant and Time Doesn’t Change with Velocity-Discrepancies Between Relativities and Yangton & Yington Theory. American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015, pp. 367-373. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20150406.12.
Edward T. H. Wu. Gravitational Waves, Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation and Coulomb's Law of Electrical Forces Interpreted by Particle Radiation and Interaction Theory Based on Yangton & Yington Theory. American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2016, pp. 20-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20160502.11.
Catoni, F.; et al. (2008). Mathematics of Minkowski Space. Frontiers in Mathematics. Basel: Birkhäuser Verlag. doi: 10.1007/978-3-7643-8614-6. ISBN 978-3-7643-8613-9. ISSN 1660-8046.
"Big-bang model". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (2003). Newton's Principia for the common reader. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (pp. 1-2).
"International System of Units (SI)" (PDF) (8th ed.). International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM). 2006.
Dark matter. CERN. Retrieved on 17 November 2014.
Baum, L. and Frampton, P. H. (2007). "Turnaround in Cyclic Cosmology". Physical Review Letters 98 (7): 071301. arXiv: hep-th/0610213. Bibcode: 2007 PhRvL. 98 g1301 B. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.071301. PMID 17359014.
Overbye, Dennis (8 June 2015). "Black Hole Hunters". NASA. Retrieved8 June 2015.
Kuhn, Karl F.; Theo Koupelis (2004). In Quest of the Universe. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. pp. 122-3. ISBN 0-7637-0810-0.
Peebles, P. J. E. and Ratra, Bharat (2003). "The cosmological constant and dark energy". Reviews of Modern Physics 75 (2): 559-606. arXiv: astro-ph/0207347. Bibcode: 2003 RvMP.75.559 P. doi: 10.1103/RevModPhys.75.559.
Slipher, Vesto (1915). "Spectrographic Observations of Nebulae". Popular Astronomy 23: 21-24. Bibcode: 1915 PA.23.21 S.
Hubble, E. (1929). "A relation between distance and radial velocity among extra-galactic nebulae". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 15 (3): 168-73. Bibcode: 1929 PNAS.15.168 H. doi: 10.1073/pnas.15.3.168. PMC 522427. PMID 16577160.
Frieman, Joshau A.; Turner, Michael S.; Huterer, Dragan. "Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe" (PDF). Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. arXiv: 0803.0982 v 1. Retrieved April 1, 2016.