A Tentative Magnecular Model of Liquid Water with an Explicit Attractive Force Between Water Molecules
American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 6, Issue 4-1, August 2017, Pages: 46-52
Received: Apr. 8, 2017;
Accepted: Apr. 10, 2017;
Published: Sep. 26, 2017
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Ruggero Maria Santilli, Thunder Energies Corporation, Tarpon Springs, Florida, U.S.A.
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In this paper, we outline the main features of the chemical species of magnecules and their magnecular bond; we then present, apparently for the first time, experimental evidence via three different analytic methods at different laboratories on the capability by suitably polarized Hydrogen atoms to have a magnecular bond to ordinary molecules; and we submit, also apparently for the first time, a tentative model of the liquid state of water with an explicitly identified attractive force between the water molecules consisting of magnecular bonds between opposing polarities of the toroidal configurations of the orbits of the valence electrons of water molecules, for which the boiling temperature is the Curie temperature of the magnecular bond as established for other magnecular species. We finally point out the environmental and industrial significance of the achievement of a quantitative structure model of the water liquid state due to its extension to gasoline and other liquid fuels with ensuing possibilities to improve their combustion.
Valence, Magnecular Bond, Magnecule, Hydrogen
To cite this article
Ruggero Maria Santilli,
A Tentative Magnecular Model of Liquid Water with an Explicit Attractive Force Between Water Molecules, American Journal of Modern Physics. Special Issue:Issue III: Foundations of Hadronic Chemistry.
Vol. 6, No. 4-1,
2017, pp. 46-52.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
R. M. Santilli, Foundations of Hadronic Chemistry, with Applications to New Clean Energies and Fuels, Kluwer Academic Publishers (2001), http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Santilli-113.pdf Russian translation by A. K. Aringazin http://i-b-r.org/docs/Santilli-Hadronic-Chemistry
and The New Fuels with Magnecular Structure, International Academic Press (2005), http://www.i-b-r.org/docs/Fuels-Magnecular-Structure.pdf
Y. Yang, J. V. Kadeisvili, and S. Marton, “Experimental Confirmations of the New Chemical Species of Santilli Magnecules,” to be submitted for publication. http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Magnecules-2012.pdf
Y. Yang, J. V. Kadeisvili, and S. Marton, “Experimental Confirmations of the New Chemical Species of Santilli MagneHydrogen,” to be submitted for publication. http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/MagneHydrogen-2012.pdf
D. Eisenberg and W. Kauznann, The structure and properties of water, Oxford University