American Journal of Modern Physics
Volume 6, Issue 4-1, August 2017, Pages: 53-63
Received: Aug. 11, 2015;
Accepted: Aug. 12, 2015;
Published: Sep. 26, 2017
Views 1646 Downloads 86
Vijay M. Tangde, Department of Chemistry, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur, India
Sachin S. Wazalwar, Department of Applied Chemistry, Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering, Research and Technology, Chandrapur, India
In the process of Hydraulic fracturing millions of gallons of water, sand and chemicals are pumped underground to break apart the rock to release the gas. In Hydraulic fracturing certain fluids and materials are used to create small fractures in order to stimulate production from new and existing oil and gas wells. This creates paths that increase the rate at which fluids can be produced from the reservoir formations, in some cases by many hundreds of percent. Although it helped in triggering this year almost 42% of decline in crude prices, on the other hand the completion of drilling process leaves behind pits with waste of the overall process. As the sludge or waste of the process is water based liquid with chemicals and hydrocarbon oil remains of the mineral stock, it is a potentially hazardous material for environment. In this view the Plasma Arc Flow Technique to convert this liquid waste into useful MAGNEGASTM (MG) proposed by Professor Ruggero Maria Santilli is much beneficial in reducing the oil waste as well as in minimizing the environmental problems. In the present paper, origin of the concept of a new Magnecular Fuel via Hadronic Chemistry, its composition, technique, characterization and its applications in the diversified Industries are discussed.
Vijay M. Tangde,
Sachin S. Wazalwar,
Magnegas - An Alternative Technology for Clean Energy, American Journal of Modern Physics. Special Issue: Issue III: Foundations of Hadronic Chemistry.
Vol. 6, No. 4-1,
2017, pp. 53-63.
Genevieve A. Kahrilas, Jens Blotevogel, Philip S. Stewart and Thomas Borch, Environ. Sci. Technol., November 26, 2014, DOI: 10.1021/es503724k, http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es503724k
David Hasemyer, Zahra Hirji, http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fracking-sludge-in-open-pits-goes-unmonitored-as-health-worries-mount-video
R. M. Santilli, Hadronic Mathematics, Mechanics and Chemistry: Experimental Verifications, Theoretical Advances and Industrial Applications in Chemistry, Volume V, International Academic Press, U.S.A., 2008. http://www.i-b-r.org/docs/HMMC-V-01-26-08.pdf
R. M. Santilli, Hadronic J., 21, 789, 1998. http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Santilli-43.pdf
R. M. Santilli, The New Fuel with Magnecular Structure, International Academic Press, U.S.A., 2005.
Y. Yang, J. V. Kadeisvili, and S. Marton, Int. J. Hydrogen Ener., 38, 5003, 2013.
R. M. Santilli, Foundations of Hadronic Chemistry, Kluwer Academic Publisher, Dordrecht, 2001.
I. Gandzha and J. Kadeisvili, New Science for A New Era, Sankata Printing Press, Kathmandu, Nepal, 2001. http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/RMS.pdf
R. M. Santilli, Hadronic J., 1, 574-901, 1978. http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/santilli-73.pdf.
R. M. Santilli and D. D. Shillady, Int. J. Hydrogen Ener., 24, 943-956, 1999. http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Santilli-135.pdf
R. M. Santilli and D. D. Shillady, Int. J. Hydrogen Ener., 25, 173-183, 2000. http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Santilli-39.pdf
E. Trell, Intern. J. Hydrogen Energy, 28, 251, 2003. http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Trell-review-HC.pdf
V. M. Tangde, Found. Chem., 17(2), 163, 2015.
A. A. Bhalekar, Hadronic J., 36(1), 51-148, 2013; CACAA, 3(1), 37-105, 2014.
S. S. Dhondge and A A Bhalekar, Hadronic J., 36(3), 283, 2013.
V. M. Tangde, “Hadronic Chemistry Applied to Hydrogen and Water Molecules”, AIP Conf. Proc., 1479, 1033-36, 2012.
V. M. Tangde, “Elementary and Brief Introduction to Hadronic Chemisrty”, AIP Conf. Proc., 1558, 652-656, 2013.
V. M. Tangde, “A gist of comprehensive review of Hadronic Chemistry and its Review” AIP Conf. Proc., 1648, 510018 (2015); doi:10.1063/1.4912723
R. M. Santilli, Hadronic Mathematics, Mechanics and Chemistry: Limitations of Einstein’s Special and General Relativities, Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Chemistry, Volume I, International Academic Press, U.S.A., 2007, http://www.i-b-r.org/docs/HMMC-1-02-26-08.pdf
R. M. Santilli, Hadronic Mathematics, Mechanics and Chemistry: Iso-, Geno-, Hyper-Formulations for Matter and Their Isoduals for Antimatter, Volume III, International Academic Press, U.S.A., 2007, http://www.i-b-r.org/docs/HMMC-III-02-26-08.pdf
A. K. Aringazin and M. G. Kucherenko, Hadronic J., 23, 1, 2000.
A. K. Aringazin, Hadronic J. 23, 57 (2000).
R. Pérez-Enrquez, J. L. Marn and R. Riera, Prog. Phys. 2, 34-41, 2007.
S. P. Zodape and A. A. Bhalekar, Hadronic J., 36(5), 565, 2013.
I. B. DasSarma, Hadronic J., 36(5), 507, 2013.
C. P. Pandhurnekar, Hadronic J., 36(5), 593, 2013.
S. P. Zodape, Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics ICNAAM 2013 AIP Conf. Proc., 1558, 648, 2013; doi.org/10.1063/1.4825575 http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/sangesh-Greece.pdf
I. B. Das Sarma, Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics ICNAAM 2013 AIP Conf. Proc., 1558, 680, 2013.
Quarterly Report, Magnegas Corporation, 6th August 2014. http://biz.yahoo.com/e/140806/mnga10-q.html
Result Summary, ’Temperature of Magnegas Flames’, Institute for Ultrafast Technology and Lasers, The City College of New York, March 5, 2012.
Flame Temperature experiments for Magnegas, Chilworth Technology, lnc. New Jersy, September 30, 2010.
R. M. Santilli, Int J Hydrogen Energy, 28, 177, 2003. http://www.santillifoundation.org/docs/Santilli-38.pdf
News Release, Future energy corporation, Australian Patent Application, 30th July, 2014.