Application of CaO from Psammotaea elongata Shell as Catalyst in Conversion the Beef Tallow to Biodiesel
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 219-224
Received: May 6, 2015;
Accepted: May 18, 2015;
Published: May 28, 2015
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I. Wayan Sutapa, Chemistry Department of Mathematic and Naturals Science, Pattimura University, Ambon-Maluku, Indonesia
A. Bandjar, Chemistry Department of Mathematic and Naturals Science, Pattimura University, Ambon-Maluku, Indonesia
Rosmawaty , Chemistry Department of Mathematic and Naturals Science, Pattimura University, Ambon-Maluku, Indonesia
M. Sitaniapessy, Chemistry Department of Mathematic and Naturals Science, Pattimura University, Ambon-Maluku, Indonesia
Synthesis of biodiesel from the beef tallow using catalyst from Psammotaea elongata shell with methanol as a solvent was carried out. Synthesis the biodiesel was prepared in two steps, there are esterification and transesterification. In esterification was conducted in mole ratio of oil and methanol were 1: 9, with H2SO4 as a catalyst. Transesterification process conducted with mole ratio were 1:12 (oil and methanol), with CaO from cockle’ shell as a catalyst with a variation of the catalyst 11%, 12%, 13%, and 14%. Result of biodiesel was characterized based on FT-IR, 1H-NMR, GC-MS, and ASTM (American Standard Testing of Materials) method. The results obtained by the catalyst conversion of 51.9% and the optimum conditions in the biodiesel present in 12%. Yielded of biodiesel theoretically was 59.118% and experiment was 18.34%. The main component on biodiesel product is methyl stearate (40.65%) and examination result of biodiesel by using ASTM method are specific (0.8695 g/cm3), kinematic viscosity (5.393 mm/s2), flame point (178.5 °C), pour point (24 °C), and carbon Condradson residue (0.071%).
I. Wayan Sutapa,
Application of CaO from Psammotaea elongata Shell as Catalyst in Conversion the Beef Tallow to Biodiesel, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications.
Vol. 4, No. 3,
2015, pp. 219-224.
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