Adsorptive Removal of Trace Concentration of Fluoride Using Orange Waste Treated Using Concentrated Sulfuric Acid
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 212-222
Received: Jun. 7, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 21, 2017; Published: Jul. 24, 2017
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Authors
Hari Paudyal, Department of Applied Chemistry, Saga University, Saga, Japan; Department of Science, Memorial University, St. John’s, NL, Canada
Bimala Pangeni, Department of Applied Chemistry, Saga University, Saga, Japan
Katsutoshi Inoue, Department of Applied Chemistry, Saga University, Saga, Japan
Hiroyuki Harada, Department of Environmental Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan
Hidetaka Kawakita, Department of Applied Chemistry, Saga University, Saga, Japan
Keisuke Ohto, Department of Applied Chemistry, Saga University, Saga, Japan
Shafiq Alam, Department of Science, Memorial University, St. John’s, NL, Canada; Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
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Abstract
Novel adsorption gel was prepared from orange juice residue by using boiling concentrated sulfuric acid to create a condensation cross-linking reaction. It was then loaded with Zr(IV) ion to create adsorption sites for fluoride ions. This prepared gel was characterized by IR, EDX, XRD, SEM and chemical analysis. Fluoride adsorption was strongly pH dependent and maximum adsorption occurred at pH 3-4. The maximum adsorption capacity was drastically improved by loading Zr(IV) from 0.21 mmol/g up to 0.71mmol/g at 303 K. The thermodynamic parameters evaluated from adsorption isotherms at varying temperature suggested that adsorption of fluoride onto the present adsorbent is spontaneous and endothermic in nature. The adsorbed fluoride was successfully desorbed using dilute alkaline solution. Trace concentrations of fluoride contained in the actual waste plating solution was completely removed by adding small amounts of this adsorbent.
Keywords
Fluoride Removal, Adsorption, Orange Juice Residue, Sulfuric Acid Treatment, Zr(IV) Loading
To cite this article
Hari Paudyal, Bimala Pangeni, Katsutoshi Inoue, Hiroyuki Harada, Hidetaka Kawakita, Keisuke Ohto, Shafiq Alam, Adsorptive Removal of Trace Concentration of Fluoride Using Orange Waste Treated Using Concentrated Sulfuric Acid, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2017, pp. 212-222. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20170604.18
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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