Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Aerogels – The World’s 3D Lightest Materials for Environment Applications: A Review
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 6, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 277-283
Received: Aug. 25, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 13, 2017; Published: Oct. 29, 2017
Views 1915      Downloads 80
Authors
Phan Ngoc Hong, Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam; Graduate University of Science and Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
Dang Nhat Minh, Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam; Center for High Technology Development, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
Nguyen Van Hung, Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
Phan Ngoc Minh, Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam; Graduate University of Science and Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
Phan Hong Khoi, Center for High Technology Development, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Aerogels (CNTAs & GAs)- the world’s lightest 3D materials (GA isseven times lighter than air - a cubic meter weighs just 160 grams) attracted widespread attention due to their excellent mechanical compressible properties, high temperature and thermal stability, recyclable and highly efficient organic pollutants adsorption capability (GA can absorb up to 900 times its own weight in oil and do so quickly, with one gram of Aerogel able to absorb up to 68.8 grams of organics per second). In this review, we present briefly recent progress in synthesis methods for fabrication of 3D CNTAs andGAs and their emerging applications in the field of environmental protection such as removingoil, organic pollutants, arsenic ions and other toxic metalsfrom water. Furthermore, to assist advanced research for practical applications of these 3D materials, the technical challenges are discussed, and future research directions are proposed.
Keywords
Carbon Nanotube Aerogels, Graphene Aerogels, 3D Materials, Environment Protection, Applications
To cite this article
Phan Ngoc Hong, Dang Nhat Minh, Nguyen Van Hung, Phan Ngoc Minh, Phan Hong Khoi, Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Aerogels – The World’s 3D Lightest Materials for Environment Applications: A Review, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2017, pp. 277-283. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20170606.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
S. S. Kistler, "Coherent Expanded Aerogels and Jellies," Nature, vol. 127, pp. 741-741, 1931.
[2]
Aerogel, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerogel.
[3]
L. Zuo, Y. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. E. Miao, W. Fan, and T. Liu, "Polymer/Carbon-Based Hybrid Aerogels: Preparation, Properties and Applications," Materials (Basel), vol. 8, pp. 6806-6848, Oct 09 2015.
[4]
K. Araki and J. W. Halloran, "New Freeze-Casting Technique for Ceramics with Sublimable Vehicles," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 87, pp. 1859-1863, 2005.
[5]
Nguyen Van Hung, Nguyen Ngoc Anh, Pham Van Trinh, Bui Hung Thang, Nguyen Tuan Hong, Phan Hong Khoi, Phan Ngoc Minh, and Phan Ngoc Hong, Fabrication and Characterization of Carbon Nanotubes Aerogel, 8th IWAMSN (2016), Ha Long City, Vietnam, 8th-12th November 2016.
[6]
Y. Lin, F. Liu, G. Casano, R. Bhavsar, I. A. Kinloch, and B. Derby, "Pristine Graphene Aerogels by Room-Temperature Freeze Gelation," Adv Mater, vol. 28, pp. 7993-8000, Sep 2016.
[7]
Y. Xie, S. Xu, Z. Xu, H. Wu, C. Deng, and X. Wang, "Interface-mediated extremely low thermal conductivity of graphene aerogel," Carbon, vol. 98, pp. 381-390, 2016.
[8]
Z. Xu, H. Sun, and C. Gao, "Perspective: Graphene aerogel goes to superelasticity and ultraflyweight," APL Materials, vol. 1, p. 030901, 2013.
[9]
H. Sun, Z. Xu, and C. Gao, "Multifunctional, ultra-flyweight, synergistically assembled carbon aerogels," Adv Mater, vol. 25, pp. 2554-60, May 14 2013.
[10]
Graphene aerogel is lighter than air, Extremetech, https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/153063-graphene-aerogel-is-seven-times-lighter-than-air-can-balance-on-a-blade-of-grass
[11]
Y. Cheng, S. Zhou, P. Hu, G. Zhao, Y. Li, X. Zhang, et al., "Enhanced mechanical, thermal, and electric properties of graphene aerogels via supercritical ethanol drying and high-temperature thermal reduction," Sci Rep, vol. 7, p. 1439, May 03 2017.
[12]
Y. Luo, S. Jiang, Q. Xiao, C. Chen, and B. Li, "Highly reusable and superhydrophobic spongy graphene aerogels for efficient oil/water separation," Sci Rep, vol. 7, p. 7162, Aug 02 2017.
[13]
B. Zhang, J. Zhang, X. Sang, C. Liu, T. Luo, L. Peng, et al., "Cellular graphene aerogel combines ultralow weight and high mechanical strength: A highly efficient reactor for catalytic hydrogenation," Sci Rep, vol. 6, p. 25830, May 12 2016.
[14]
Z. Han, Z. Tang, S. Shen, B. Zhao, G. Zheng, and J. Yang, "Strengthening of graphene aerogels with tunable density and high adsorption capacity towards Pb2+," Sci Rep, vol. 4, p. 5025, May 22 2014.
[15]
X. Mi, G. Huang, W. Xie, W. Wang, Y. Liu, and J. Gao, "Preparation of graphene oxide aerogel and its adsorption for Cu2+ ions," Carbon, vol. 50, pp. 4856-4864, 2012.
[16]
Y. Ye, D. Yin, B. Wang, and Q. Zhang, "Synthesis of Three-Dimensional Fe3O4/Graphene Aerogels for the Removal of Arsenic Ions from Water," Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2015, pp. 1-6, 2015.
[17]
X. Xiong, N. Ji, C. Song, and Q. Liu, "Preparation Functionalized Graphene Aerogels as Air Cleaner Filter," Procedia Engineering, vol. 121, pp. 957-960, 2015.
[18]
Q. Zhang, F. Zhang, S. P. Medarametla, H. Li, C. Zhou, and D. Lin, "3D Printing of Graphene Aerogels," Small, vol. 12, pp. 1702-8, Apr 06 2016.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931