Formation of Gradient Micro-Porous Titanium-Aluminides Through Elemental Powder Metallurgy
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2018, Pages: 33-38
Received: May 31, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 12, 2017; Published: Jan. 18, 2018
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Authors
Cynthia Kornegay Waters, Mechanical Engineering, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC, USA
Gerald Ross Vosburg, Mechanical Engineering, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC, USA
Stephen Ajinola, Mechanical Engineering, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC, USA
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Abstract
The research into alloys, specifically titanium and aluminum alloys (Ti & Al), has rapidly growing technological importance. The combined research into Ti-Al alloys in the field of powder metallurgy has advanced the fabrication of a part with high compressive strength, low relative density and material properties in addition to being a cost-effective process. In this work Ti-Al alloys were created using elemental Ti and Al powders. Elemental powders with a melting point of over 1000°C were sintered via liquid phase sintering (LPS). LPS is a process used for forming high performance, multiple-phase components from powders. It involves sintering at a temperature between the melting points of the two powders. The structural morphology, pore size and location were evaluated using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and optical microscopy. These methods allowed visible evidence of structural anomalies providing a capillary action which pulled the liquid Al to the surface and resulted into a densification of the part at the surfaces. The dense structure was seen on both the top and bottom of the samples with a layer of predominantly Al. The average on the top surface layer using optical measurements was 0.48mm and the bottom was 0.97mm.
Keywords
Powder Metallurgy, Capillary Action, Ti, Al, Alloys, Wicking
To cite this article
Cynthia Kornegay Waters, Gerald Ross Vosburg, Stephen Ajinola, Formation of Gradient Micro-Porous Titanium-Aluminides Through Elemental Powder Metallurgy, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2018, pp. 33-38. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20180702.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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