Selective Synthesis and Characterization of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes (11, 8)
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 25-29
Received: Apr. 2, 2019;
Accepted: May 9, 2019;
Published: Jul. 4, 2019
Views 66 Downloads 17
Danlami Umar Zuru, Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu, Nigeria
Bala Hassan, Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu, Nigeria
Muhammad Nuraddeen Bui, Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu, Nigeria
Aliyu Sa’ad BK, Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu, Nigeria
Aliyu Jabbo Bunzah, Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu, Nigeria
Single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are attractive in the nanotechnology industry where they find applications in the field of pharmacy and medicine due to high surface area capable of transporting drugs and vaccines to active sites; for fabrication of energy storing devices due to excellent electrical conductivity and accessible pore sizes; in transport for the fabrication of strong and lightweight vehicle and aircraft parts and in composite materials to enhance physical and chemical properties such as toughness, durability, conductivity and strength. The most efficient and cost effective method of obtaining these precious materials is the Chemical Vapour Deposition (CVD), however, obtaining SWCNTs of desired electronic type via this method, has remained a global challenge for over 20 years. This has limited the availability of these products in the global research and technological industries, contributing to the problem of lack of raw materials to sustain them. In this report, metallic SWCNTs (11, 8) are selectively synthesized via chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method, by the pyrolysis of C6H14/N2 feedstock on Fe2O3/Al2O3 catalyst matrix. Catalyst design and preparation was achieved by correlating the numerical magnitudes of chiral index (n, m) of the desired SWCNTs with mole fractions of metal/support, respectively. Field emission scanning electron microscopy analysis reveals densely entangled tubular bundles, while high resolution transmission electron microscopy confirms rigid arrangements of SWCNTs in the bundles. Values of the radial breathing modes, diameter and energy band gaps of the sample obtained from Raman analysis conforms to that of SWCNTs (11, 8), established via Extended Tight Binding (ETB) model. Outcome of this report suggested that our catalyst design and preparation may help alleviate the stated global challenge.
Danlami Umar Zuru,
Muhammad Nuraddeen Bui,
Aliyu Sa’ad BK,
Aliyu Jabbo Bunzah,
Selective Synthesis and Characterization of Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes (11, 8), International Journal of Materials Science and Applications.
Vol. 8, No. 2,
2019, pp. 25-29.
H. Y. Yap, B. Ramaker, A. V. Sumant, R. W. Carpick, Growth of mechanically fixed and isolated vertically aligned carbon nanotubes and nanofibers by DC plasma-enhanced hot filament chemical vapor deposition. Diamond & Related Materials, 15 (2006). 1622–1628.
M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, A. Jorio, Raman Spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes, Phys. Rep. 409 (2005) 47−99.
M. A. Azam, A. Fujiwara, T. Shimoda, T, Significant Capacitance Performance of Vertically Aligned Single-walled Carbon Nanotube Supercapacitor by Varying Potassium Hydroxide Concentration. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 8 (2013). 3902-3911.
B. Liu, F. Wu, H. Gui, M. Zheng, C. Zhou, Chirality-controlled synthesis and applications of single-wall carbon nanotubes, ACS Nano 11 (2017) 31−53.
D. U. Zuru, Z. Zainal, M. Z. Hussein, A. M. Jaafar, H-N. Lim, S-K. Chang, Theoretical and experimental models for the synthesis of single walled carbon nanotubes and their electrochemical properties, J. Appl Electrochem (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10800-018-1158-6
A. Md. Shamsul, Empirical equation based chirality (n, m) assignment of semiconducting single wall carbon nanotubes from resonant Raman scattering data. Nanomaterial. 3 (2013) 1-21.
Z. Weng, W. Liu, L.-C. Yin, R. Fang, M. Li, E. I. Altman, Q. Fan, F. Li, H.-M. Cheng, H. Wang, Metal/oxide interface nano-structures generated by surface segregation for electrocatalysis, Nano Lett. 15 (2015) 7704−7710.
M. A. Pimenta, A. Marucci, J. A. Empedocles, M. G. Bawendi, E. B. Hanlon, A. M. Rao, P. C. Eklund, R. E. Smalley, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, Raman modes of metallic carbon nanotubes, Phys. Rev. B 58 (1998) 1–4.
R. Jain, and S. Sharma, Glassy carbon electrode modified with multi-walled carbon nanotubes sensors for the quantification of antihistamine drug pheniramide in solubilized systems, Res. J. Chem. Sci., 1 (2011) 137 -142.
J. H. Chen, W. Z. Li, D. Z. Wang, S. X. Yang, J. G. Wen, and Z. F. Ren, Electrochemical characterization of carbon nanotubes as electrode in electrochemical double-layer capacitors, Carbon, 40 (2002) 1193-1197.
P. Liu, S. He, H. Wei, J. Wang, C. Sun, Characterization of α-Fe2O3/γ-Al2O3 catalysts for catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of m-cresol, Ind. Eng. Res. 54 (2015) 130–136.
F. Gulshan, K. Okada, Preparation of alumina-iron oxide compounds by co-precipitation method and its characterization, American Journal of Material Sciences and Engineering 1 (2013) 6–11.
C. Qin, X. Lu, G. Yin, Z. Jin, Q. Tan, X. Bai, Study of activated nitrogen-enriched carbon and nitrogen-enriched carbon/carbon aerogel composite as cathode materials for supercapacitors, Mater. Chem. Phys. 126 (2011) 453−458.
M. Hermanek, R. Zboril, I. Medrik, J. Pechousek, C. Gregor, Catalytic efficiency of iron (III) oxides in decomposition of hydrogen peroxide: Competition between the surface area and crystallinity of nanoparticles, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129 (2007) 10929–10936.
B. V. Kumar, R. Thomas, A. Mathew, G. M. Rao, D. Mangalaraj, N. Ponpandian, C. Viswanathan, Effect of catalyst concentration on the synthesis of MWCNT by single step pyrolysis, Advanced Materials Letters 5 (2014) 543–548.
W.-J. Yu, P.-X. Hou, L. L. Zheng, F. Li, C. Liu, H.-M. Cheng, Preparation and electrochemical property of Fe2O3 nano particles filled carbon nanotubes, Chem. Commun. 46 (2010) 8576–8578.
L. Dumee, K. Sears, J. Schutz, A. Fim, M. Duke, S. Gray, Influence of sonication temperature on the debundling kinetics of carbon nanotubes in propan-2-ol. Nanomaterials 3 (2013) 70–85.
V. Krisyuk, A. N., Gleizes, L. Aloui, A. Turgambaeva, B. Sarapata, H. N. Prud, F. Senocq, D. Samelor, A. Zielinska-Lipiec, D. deCaro, C. Vahlas, Chemical vapour decomposition of iron, iron carbides and iron nitride films from amidinate precursors, J. Electrochem. Soc. 157 (2010) D454-D461.
D. J. Ham, J. S. Lee, Transition Metal Carbides and Nitrides as Electrodes Materials for Low Temperature Fuel Cells. Carbon. 7, (2009). 346.
A. Oki, L. Adams, Z. Luo, E. Osayamon, P. Biney, V. Khabashesku, Functionalization of single-walled carbon nanotubes with N-[3-(trimethoxysilyl)Propyl]ethylenediamine and its Cobalt complex, J. Phys Chem Solids. 69 (2008) 1194-1198.
D. A. Britz, A. N. Khlobystov, Non-covalent interactions of molecules with single walled carbon nanotubes, Chem. Soc. Rev. 35 (2006) 637-659.
C. I. Nwoye, S. Ndlu, Model for predictive analysis of the concentration of phosphorus removed during leaching of iron oxide ore in sulphuric acid solution, Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering 8 (2009) 261–269.
H. Somada, K. Hirahara, S. Akita, Y. Nakayama, A molecular linear motor consisting of carbon nanotubes, Nano Lett. 9 (2009) 62−65.
J. H. Lehman, M. Terrones, E. Mansfield, K. E. Hurst, V. Meunier, Evaluating the characteristics of multiwall carbon nanotubes, Carbon 49 (2011) 2581–2602.
J. P. Tessonier, and D. S. Su, Recent Progress on Growth Mechanism of Carbon Nanotubes: A review, ChemSuschem, 0000 (2011) 6-11.