Characterization of the Palmyra Petiole as a Biovegetal Material of Artisanal Construction in Chad
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 8, Issue 5, September 2019, Pages: 90-97
Received: Aug. 14, 2019;
Accepted: Oct. 9, 2019;
Published: Oct. 23, 2019
Views 391 Downloads 104
Ngargueudedjim Kimtangar, Laboratory of Study and Research in Industrial Techniques (LERTI), University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad
Djidengar Lazare, Laboratory of Study and Research in Industrial Techniques (LERTI), University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad; Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
Deudjonbe Baruc, Laboratory of Study and Research in Industrial Techniques (LERTI), University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad; Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
Beda Tibi, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
Nzie Wolfgang, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
The palmyra is a wood particularly famous for its resistance to xylophages and various bad weather. But the determining factors of this resistance are unknown. This base material is available in the form of lignocellulosic waste generated in large quantities, following its grooming, maintenance and felling. This lignocellulosic waste is not valued in Chad. Its petiole is the biovegetal material widely used in Chad for the artisanal manufacture of furniture and other works. The present study concerns the determination of its physical, chemical and mechanical characteristics. We used chemical analyzes, physical tests and mechanical tests in three-point flexion, intension and in compression. Its contents in cellulose, lignin and Hemicellulose obtained justify its resistance to physical and chemical degradation and its attack by termites. The values of its mechanical characteristics obtained place it between the category D50 and D60 of hardwoods. Those of its physical properties place it among the light woods. This study, the first on the knowledge of the scientific and technical properties of the palmyra of Chad, opens perspectives on a new field of study on the behaviour of this abundant natural raw material with a view to its valorisation and its rational use in various fields, such as pulp and building construction and public works.
Characterization of the Palmyra Petiole as a Biovegetal Material of Artisanal Construction in Chad, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications.
Vol. 8, No. 5,
2019, pp. 90-97.
J. Gerard and al. 1998 "Synthesis on the technological characteristics of reference of the main African commercial woods", FORAFRI Series 1998, 189 pages, document 11. International Campus of Bailla Guet, Montpelier France.
Do Thi Vivi "Composite natural fiber materials/biodegradable or non-biodegradable polymers". PhD thesis, University of GRENOBLE, July 20, 2011.
Letelier Maxime and Fleurent Didier Valérie. Chemical, physical and mechanical characterization of old piles. Graduation project-Engineer 3rd year of 2011-2012, 70p. University of Lorraine. http://www.cfcopies.com/V2/leg/leg_droi.php, http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/infos-pratiques/droits/protection.htm.
UÇAR G., YILGÖR N. Chemical and environmental properties of 300 years waterlogged wood (Abiesbornmülleriana M.). Holzals Roh-und Werkstoff. 1995, Vol. 53, No. 2, p. 129-132.
Mbaye Dieng, Alioune Dior FALL, Kady Diatta, William Diatta and Emmanuel Bassene; Determination of polyphenols and antioxidant activity of male leaves and inflorescences of Borassus aethiopum, Mart. (Arecaceae); http://ajol.info/index.php/ijbcs, International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. 9 (1): 1067-1071, April 2015, ISSN: 1997-342X (Online), ISSN: 1991-8631 (Print), http://indexmedicus.afro.who.int
Komlan Lolo, Sonnou Tiem, Singularity of Borassus Aethiopum Wood by its Physiology. European Scientific Journal, November 2017 edition Vol. 13, No. 33, ISSN: 1857–7881 (Print) e-ISSN: 1857-7431, Doi: 10.19044/esj.2017. v13, n33, p463, http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n33p463
Dünisch O., Latorraca, JV de F. (2015). The assimilate partitioning importance for heartwood extractives formation in Robinia Pseudoacacia l. Of different ages. Florestae Ambiente, 22 (3): 400-407.
Grace JK, D. McG. Ewart, DMc G, Tome CHM., 1996. Termite resistance of wood species grown in Hawaii. Forest Prod. J., 46 (10): 57-60.
Tascioglu C, Troya T de, Sivrikaya. (2012). Termiticidal properties of some wood and bark extracts used as wood preservatives. BioResources, 7 (3): 2960-2969.
N. Kimtangar, E. Mbaingone, N. Nadjitonon and R. Agnes, Jan. 2016. "Anatomical and chemical characterization of the palmyra (Borassus aethiopum Mart.) of Chad/Central Africa". International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, IJISR-ISSR, Vol. 20 No. 1, pages 129-137.1Jan.2016. ISSN: 2351-8014, http://www.ijisr.issr-journals.org/.
Bianpambé Hinperé Wedjou, 2014. "Physicochemical and mechanical characterization of the palmyra wood (Borassus aethiopum Mart.) of Chad". Master thesis, Ngaoundéré University.
M. Meite, A. Laanaa, A. Famiri, A. Yeznasni, M. Chergui, El Ghorba and M. Ziani, 2007. Study of the influence of physical properties on the mechanical behaviour of woods. Maritime pine and pine for application to wind energy. Renewable Energies Review CER'07 Oujda 61-65.
Farid Touloum, 2018, Contribution to the development of insulating materials in the building sector. Use of date palm wood (Phoenix Dactylifera L). Thesis submitted from the University Mohamed Khider-Biskra with a view to obtaining a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering, 161p.
Farid Touloum, Adel Benchabane, Abdelhak Kaci; Valorisation of natural reinforcing fibers for composite materials. JM'EMP08 EMP, Bordj El Bahri, 10-11 Avril, 2012. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289532078.
K. Ngargueudedjim, N. Ngarmaim, B. Bassa, N. Allarabaye, M. Fogué, November 2015. "Physical characterization of the palmyra wood (Borassus aethiopum Mart.) of Chad/Central Africa". International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, ISSN: 2028-9324, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp 553-560. http://www.ijias.issr-journals.org/.
Y. Carignan, J. Frappier, S. Gagnon, S. Gilbert, 2015. "Technical guide on the design of beams and columns in large wood", cecobois.
Ngargueudedjim K. and al., Mechanical Characteristics of Tall-Palm (Borassus aethiopum Mart., Arecaceae) of Chad/Central Africa. International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJERT). ISSN: 2321-0869 (O) 2454-4698 (P), Volume-3, Issue-9, pp. 125-128, September 2015. www.erpublication.org.
Ngargueudedjim K., Bianpambé H. W., G. E. Ntamack, S. Charif D'Ouazzane and Annouar M., Anisotropic behaviour of natural wood palmyra (Borassus aethiopum Mart.) of Chad. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET), Vol. 6, Issue 9, Sept. 2015, pp. 102-111, http://www.iaeme.com/IJMET/issues.asp?JTypeIJMET&VType=6&IType=9, ISSN Print: 0976-6340, ISSN Online: 0976-6359.