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Effect of Production Variables on the Physico-Mechanical Properties of Fibre-Reinforced Plastic Composites Boards Produced from Waste Paper and Re-Cycled Polyethlene
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 10, Issue 1, January 2021, Pages: 1-7
Received: Nov. 23, 2020; Accepted: Dec. 8, 2020; Published: Jan. 12, 2021
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Authors
Aguda Lawrence, Department of Forest Products and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria
Kehinde Rebecca, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Orire Luke, Department of Forest Products and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria
Olajide Benard, Department of Forest Products and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria
Akala Abisayo, Department of Forest Products and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria
Ajao Olawale, Department of Forest Products and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria
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Abstract
The mechanical and physical properties of fibre reinforced composite boards (FRCB) made from waste paper and recycled polyethylene was investigated. The composite boards were produced at three levels of mixing ratio (50:50, 60:40 and 70:30) and three levels of board density (1000 Kg/m3, 1100 Kg/m3 and 1200 Kg/m3). The fibre from the paper served as the reinforcement while the polyethylene served as the matrix or binder to form the composite board. The board produced was subjected to different standard tests to attain mechanical and physical properties such as modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), water absorption (WA) and thickness swelling (TS). The mean values obtained for Thickness Swelling after 24 hours and 48 hours ranged from 0.02 ± 0.04 to 6.05 ± 3.21 and 3.06 ±1.27 to 12.59 ±0.05 respectively and that of water absorption after 24 hours and 48 hours ranged from 4.68 ± 0.25 to 15.78 ± 6.15 and 5.36 ± 0.16 to 18.37 ± 6.03 respectively. The mean value for MOR and MOE ranged from 16.36 ± 9.71 to 18.17 ± 6.76 and 3813.4 ± 1938.76 to 4842.8 ± 1381.05 respectively. These results shown that both the WA and TS decreased with the increase in the board density and mixing ratio. On the other hand, MOR and MOE of the board increased with the increase of board density and the mixing ratio. The results obtained from this study shown that natural fibre from waste paper and recycled polyethylene are compatible for use to produce composite material.
Keywords
Waste Paper, Matrix, Polyethylene, Composite Boards
To cite this article
Aguda Lawrence, Kehinde Rebecca, Orire Luke, Olajide Benard, Akala Abisayo, Ajao Olawale, Effect of Production Variables on the Physico-Mechanical Properties of Fibre-Reinforced Plastic Composites Boards Produced from Waste Paper and Re-Cycled Polyethlene, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 10, No. 1, 2021, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20211001.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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