Effect of Production Variables on the Physico-Mechanical Properties of Fibre-Reinforced Plastic Composites Boards Produced from Waste Paper and Re-Cycled Polyethlene
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 10, Issue 1, January 2021, Pages: 1-7
Received: Nov. 23, 2020;
Accepted: Dec. 8, 2020;
Published: Jan. 12, 2021
Views 10 Downloads 8
Aguda Lawrence, Department of Forest Products and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria
Kehinde Rebecca, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Orire Luke, Department of Forest Products and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria
Olajide Benard, Department of Forest Products and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria
Akala Abisayo, Department of Forest Products and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria
Ajao Olawale, Department of Forest Products and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Nigeria
The mechanical and physical properties of fibre reinforced composite boards (FRCB) made from waste paper and recycled polyethylene was investigated. The composite boards were produced at three levels of mixing ratio (50:50, 60:40 and 70:30) and three levels of board density (1000 Kg/m3, 1100 Kg/m3 and 1200 Kg/m3). The fibre from the paper served as the reinforcement while the polyethylene served as the matrix or binder to form the composite board. The board produced was subjected to different standard tests to attain mechanical and physical properties such as modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), water absorption (WA) and thickness swelling (TS). The mean values obtained for Thickness Swelling after 24 hours and 48 hours ranged from 0.02 ± 0.04 to 6.05 ± 3.21 and 3.06 ±1.27 to 12.59 ±0.05 respectively and that of water absorption after 24 hours and 48 hours ranged from 4.68 ± 0.25 to 15.78 ± 6.15 and 5.36 ± 0.16 to 18.37 ± 6.03 respectively. The mean value for MOR and MOE ranged from 16.36 ± 9.71 to 18.17 ± 6.76 and 3813.4 ± 1938.76 to 4842.8 ± 1381.05 respectively. These results shown that both the WA and TS decreased with the increase in the board density and mixing ratio. On the other hand, MOR and MOE of the board increased with the increase of board density and the mixing ratio. The results obtained from this study shown that natural fibre from waste paper and recycled polyethylene are compatible for use to produce composite material.
Effect of Production Variables on the Physico-Mechanical Properties of Fibre-Reinforced Plastic Composites Boards Produced from Waste Paper and Re-Cycled Polyethlene, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications.
Vol. 10, No. 1,
2021, pp. 1-7.
Aguda L. O., Adepoju A. O., Ajayi B., Adejoba O. R. and Areo A. S.(2016): Efficacy of Gliricidia Sepium Heart Wood Extractives as Preservatives against Fungi Attack. Proceedings of the 58th International Convention of Society of Wood Science and Technology, Curitiba, Brazil.
Aisien, F. A., Amenaghawon, N. A., and Onyekezine, F. D., 2013. Evaluation of physical and mechanical properties. International Journal Scientific Research Knowledge, Vol 1 (12): 521 527.
Aina, K. S., Osuntuyi, E. O and Aruwajoye, A. S 2013: Comparative Studies on physic-Mechanical Properties of Wood Plastic Composites produced from three indigenous wood species. International Journal of Science and Research, India, 2 (8): 178.
Aina, K. S., Badejo, S. O. and Fuwape, J. A (2012): Comparative study on Properties of wood Plastic composites produced from coffee chaff and Ceibapentandra sawdust. Proceedings of the 3rd biennal national conference of the forest and forest product society, pp. 240-243.
Ajigbon A. A and Fuwape J. A (2005): strength and dimensional Properties of plastic composite boards produced from Terminaliasuperba. Proceeding on conventional development in Agriculture, School of Agriculture and Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure 242-244pp.
Ajayi, B. and Aina K. S. (2010) production of plastic bonded panel from waste materials. XIII International Union of Forest Research organization Union World congress, 23-28 August 2010, Seoul, Korea. Abstract. The international Forestry review 12 (5): 278.
Ajayi, B., 2003. Assessment of the dimensional stability of cement bonded particle board from post-harvest banana stem residue and sawdust. XII World Forestry. Journal of composite Materials. vol 46: (3). Ppm301-309 congress, 0488-A2.
Ajayi, B., 2019. Short term performance of cement bonded hard wood flake boards. Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agriculture Research, Pp 16-19.
Ajayi, B., 2008. The dimensional stability and strength properties of inorganic bonded particle Boards made from Eupatorium odorata particles. 62nd Forest Product society conference. St louis, Missouri, USA, Book of Biographies and Abstracts. Pp. 27.
Charharmahali, M., Kazemi-Najafi, Tajvidi, M. 2007. Effect of blending method on the Mechanical properties of Wood plastic Composites. Iranian Journal of Polymer Science and technology 20 (4): 361-367.
Clemons, C., 2002. Wood Plastic Composites in the United States: the interfacing of two Industries. Journal of Forest products, 52 (6): Pp. 10-18.
Duku, M. H., Gu, S., and Hagan, E. B., 2011. A comprehensive review of biomass resources and bio-fuels potential in Ghana. Renew Sustainable Energy Review, 15 (1): 404–415.
English, B. M., Clemons, C., Stark, N. and Schneider, J. P. (1996) waste wood derived fillers for Plastics. Gen. Tech. Rep. FLP-GTR-91. Madison. WI. US Department of Agricultural, Forest Services, Forest Products. Laboratory Pp 282-291.
Fuwape, J. A. and Aina, K. S (2008). Effect of weathering on strength and physical properties of Wood plastic composites produced from Gmelina arborea. Nigeria Journal of Forestry 38: 62-73.
http://www.rribitt-why-is recycling-so important. Com/ paper-recycling- process.html.
Schut, J. 2001. Foaming expands possibilities for Wood Fibre Composites. Modern Plastics, July, pp. 58-65.
Schirp, A. and stender, J., 2009. Properties of Extruded wood plastic composites based on Refiner wood Fibres. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 68 (2): Pp. 219-231.
Omorege, A. D. 2009 Strength Sorption properties of Plastic Bonded Board Produced from Coffee Chaff. Unpublished B. Agric. Tech. Thesis of the Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure.
Wang Y, Yeh F. C, Lai S. M, Chan H. C, and Shen H. F (2003): effectiveness of Functionalized Polyolefin as compatibilizers for polyethylene/ wood flour composites. Polymer Engineering and science 2003; 43 (4): 933-45.