Natural Bed of Masonry Stones and Its Effect on the Stability of Wall Stucco Decoration in Historical Buildings
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 5, Issue 6-2, December 2016, Pages: 15-21
Received: Aug. 31, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 21, 2016; Published: Jan. 17, 2017
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Authors
Mohamed Atyia Hawash, Conservation Department, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Hala Afifi Mahmoud, Conservation Department, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Mohamed Abd El Motelb Etman, Al Ahram Higher Institute for Engineering & Technology, Giza, Egypt
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Abstract
The paper aims to achieve Proper knowledge of the properties of stone and understanding deterioration factors and deterioration mechanisms are necessary for successful maintenance, protection and suitable conservation interventions. avoiding technical errors that occur during building up the building. These technical errors cause stucco decoration falling. samples from the building (Mohamed Ali house) stone blocks and Crystalline salts are Analyzed by X-ray diffraction & X-ray fluorescence. To be able to interpret the wall damage accurately. Results showed that Halite salt efflorescence occur in vertically stone bedding plane. thermal expansion coefficient of a salt exceeds the surrounding rock stone weathering Exfoliation occur. So incorrect position for building stones, Not perpendicular to Bedding Plane of Sedimentary rocks, This problem must be avoided because its harmful effect to the Stability of Wall Stucco Decoration in Historical Buildings.
Keywords
Natural Bed of Stone, Bedding Plane, Efflorescence of Salts, Intrinsic Factors, Tensile Strengths, Crystal Lization Pressure, Exfoliation
To cite this article
Mohamed Atyia Hawash, Hala Afifi Mahmoud, Mohamed Abd El Motelb Etman, Natural Bed of Masonry Stones and Its Effect on the Stability of Wall Stucco Decoration in Historical Buildings, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Special Issue:New Strategies for Conservation of Historical Objects, Principles and Practical Applications. Vol. 5, No. 6-2, 2016, pp. 15-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.s.2016050602.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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