Application of Multi-Criteria Decision Making Optimization Tool for Determining Mild Steel Weld Properties and Process Parameters Using the TOPSIS
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 149-158
Received: Feb. 8, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 24, 2015; Published: Apr. 24, 2015
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Authors
Joseph Achebo, Department of Production Engineering, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
Monday Omoregie, Department of Production Engineering, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
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Abstract
Several different processes and models have been adopted for the optimization of weld deposit quality of mild steel joints. These various processes and models have been used continually over the decades to find new ways of improving weld deposit quality, with the ultimate aim of improving the service life of the resulting weld joints. This quest to find ways of improving weld deposit quality has resulted in the use of Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS). TOPSIS is one such technique used for solving multi criteria problems. It is based on the concept that the optimal alternative should have the shortest distance from the positive ideal solution, and the farthest distance from the negative ideal solution. From applying the TOPSIS technique, it was found that weldment 9 has the best weld mechanical properties with a Brinell hardness number (BHN) of 216, Ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of 600MPa, Charpy V-notch (CVN) impact energy of 90J, and a percentage elongation of 23%. Also the relationship between the input parameters and the output parameters was examined. It is therefore, concluded that TOPSIS has successfully optimized the input process parameters which has produced the most desired mechanical properties. In this study a step by step approach for the application of the TOPSIS technique is adopted.
Keywords
TOPSIS, Weld Bead, Mechanical Properties, Process Parameters, Weld Joints
To cite this article
Joseph Achebo, Monday Omoregie, Application of Multi-Criteria Decision Making Optimization Tool for Determining Mild Steel Weld Properties and Process Parameters Using the TOPSIS, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015, pp. 149-158. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20150403.12
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