The Effects of Ozone Bleaching and Ozone Desizing Method on Whiteness and Water Absorption of 100% Cotton Terry Fabrics
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 7, Issue 3, May 2018, Pages: 85-94
Received: Mar. 11, 2018;
Accepted: Mar. 27, 2018;
Published: Apr. 24, 2018
Views 1686 Downloads 87
Yıldıray Turhan, Department of Textile Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Pamukkale University, Kinikli, Denizli, Turkey
Şeyma Soydaş, Department of Research and Development, Yunsa Company, Tekirdag, Turkey
In this study, the effects of ozone desizing and bleaching on the hydrophilicity and whiteness of terry fabrics were investigated. The results were compared with those obtained after conventional desizing and bleaching (hydrogen peroxide bleaching). The test samples contain two side piled woven terry cloths of four different areal weights. The ozone desizing and bleaching process was carried out at fixed PH values (6) in four different ozonation times and two different ozone doses. The rate of water pickup in fabrics was 60%. It has been determined that as ozonation time and the ozone dose increase, the degree of whiteness and water absorption of the terry fabric increases. However, the increase in the ozonation time did not cause a significant change in the low ozone doses; the change in the ozonation time at high ozone doses is causing a marked change in the investigated properties of the towel fabric. The degree of hydrophilicity and whiteness achieved after ozonation was found to be close to the results obtained in conventional bleaching. However it was seen that although acceptable water absorbency was obtained by the ozone desizing method, these values were lower than those of the conventional desizing method. Ozone bleaching and desizing do not require the consumption of water, the consumption of heat energy, and the use of any chemical additive that harms the environment with its wastes. As a result, owing to ecofriendly, saving energy and acceptable fabric properties with regard to whiteness and absorptivity, ozone bleaching can be applied instead of the conventional bleaching and desizing method.
The Effects of Ozone Bleaching and Ozone Desizing Method on Whiteness and Water Absorption of 100% Cotton Terry Fabrics, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications.
Vol. 7, No. 3,
2018, pp. 85-94.
Karahan M. and Eren R. “Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Fabric Parameters on Static Water Absorption in Terry Fabrics”, FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe April / Juni 2006, Vol. 14, No. 2 (56).
Calatayud, A. et al., “Effects of ozone on photosynthetic CO2 exchange, chlorophyll a fluorescence and antioxidant systems in lettuce leaves”, Phisiologia Plantarum, Volume 116, Issue 3, November 2002, Pages 308–316.
Bocci, V., et al., “The Ozone Paradox: Ozone Is a Strong Oxidant as Well as a Medical Drug”, Medicinal Research Reviews, 2009, 29 (4), 646—682.
Ozturk, D and Eren H. A., “The Use of Ozone in Textile Finishing”, Uludag University, Journal of The Faculty of Engineering, V. 15 (2), 2010.
Strickland, A. F., Perkins, W. S., “Decolorization Of Continious Dyeing Wastewater by Ozonation”, Textile Chemist and Colorist, 27 (5), 11-15, 1995.
Bahtiyari, M. I. and Benli, H., “Ozone bleaching of cotton fabrics with the aid of ultrasonic Humidifier”, Cellulose, 2016, 23:2715–2725.
Aksel, H. E. and Ozturk, D., “The evaluation of ozonation as an environmentally friendly alternative for cotton preparation”, Textile Research Journal, 2010, 81 (5) 512–519.
Arooj F. et al., “Application of ozone in cotton bleaching with multiple reuse of a water bath”, Textile Research Journal, 2014, Vol. 84 (5) 527–538014, Vol. 84 (5) 527–538.
M. Prabaharan and J Venkata Rao, “Combined desizing, scouring and bleaching of cotton using ozone”, Indian Journal Of Fibre and textile Research, Vol 28, December 2003, pp 437-443.
Piccoli, H. H. and et al. “Bleaching of Knitted Cotton Fabric Applying Ozone”, Ozone: Science & Engineering, 37: 170–177, Copyright © 2015 International Ozone Association.
Arooj, F. and et al, “A Pilot-Scale Application of Ozone to Bleach Raw Cotton Fabric Using Various Additives”, Ozone: Science & Engineering, 37: 203–215 Copyright © 2015 International Ozone Association.
Eren, H. and et al., “Combined Use of Laccase, Ozone and Hydrogen Peroxide For Cotton Bleaching”, Tekstil Ve Konfeksiyon 4 (9) /2009, p 299-303.
Prabaharan, M. and J Venkata Rao J. V., “Study on ozone bleaching of cotton fabric–process optimisation, dyeing and finishing properties”, Coloration Technology., 117 (2001); p98-103.
Eren, H. and Eren, S., “Ozone bleaching of cellulose”, 17th World Textile Conference AUTEX 2017- Textiles - Shaping the Future; IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 254 (2017) 082009.
I. Enomoto, I., Soeda, S., Masuko F., and Mitani, C., “The role of ozone micro-bubbles in cotton bleaching”, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Fiber Science and Technology 2014 (ISF 2014) ~ September 28 to October 1, 2014 Tokyo, Japan.
Perincek, S. D., and et al., “Ozonatıon: A New Method Whıch Can Take Place Of Enzymatıc Desızıng”, XIIIth International Izmir Textile and Apparel Symposium April 2-5, 2014; p 506-514.
Perincek, S. D., and et al., “An Investigation in the Use of Ozone Gas in the Bleaching of Cotton Fabrics”, Ozone: Science and Engineering, 29: 325–333 Copyright 2007 International Ozone Association.
Perincek, S. D., “Ozonation: A New Patterning Method For Optical Bleached Fabrics”, Tekstil Ve Konfeksiyon 26 (1), 2016.
Nazir A., And Et Al., “Comparison Of Various Additives In Cotton Bleaching Efficiency”, Journal Of Environmental Analytical Chemistry; Volume 4; Issue 4; 2017.
Benli H., and et al., “Combination of ozone and ultrasound in pretreatment of cotton fabrics prior to natural dyeing”, Journal of Cleaner Production 89 (2015), pp. 116-124.
Soydas, S. (Superviser: Turhan, Y.), “An Investigation Of Ozone Technology Impact On Woven Towel Fabrics In The Hydrophilite and Bleaching Feature”, Pamukkale University, Institute of Science, Textile Engineering Department, Master of Science Thesis, 2016.
Abo-Taleb et al., “Theoretical Prediction of Overall Porosity of Terry Woven Fabrics Hemdan”, Textile Science & Engineering, Volume 5 • Issue 6, 2015.
Zarubic, A. R. et al, “Colour Parameters, Whiteness Indices And Physical Features Of Marking Paints For Horizontal Signalization”, Facta Universitatis Series: Physics, Chemistry and Technology Vol. 3, No 2, 2005, pp. 205–216.