Electrocodeposition and Characterization of Ni-WC Composite Coating From Non – Aqueous Bath
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2013, Pages: 68-73
Received: Feb. 14, 2013; Published: Jan. 10, 2013
Views 3731      Downloads 195
Authors
Dhananjay kumar Singh, Department of chemistry, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India
Manoj Kumar Tripathi, Department of chemistry, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India
V. B. Singh, Department of chemistry, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
Composite coating of tungsten carbide (WC) in the matrix of nickel has been achieved by direct current (DC) electrodeposition technique using a non aqueous bath. The deposition parameters such as current density, bath temperature, and stirring rate were maintained at constant levels for all the coating configurations. The composition of the coating and its microstructure were studied using energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, uv-vis spectrophotometry and x-ray diffraction, respectively. Surface morphology of the coatings was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). Effect of heat treatment on the deposits microstructures and microhardness was also investigated. The Ni–WC composites, prepared at optimum conditions, exhibited improved mechanical properties in comparison to pure nickel electrodeposits.
Keywords
Electrodeposition, Ni-WC composite, Microhardness, Microstructure
To cite this article
Dhananjay kumar Singh, Manoj Kumar Tripathi, V. B. Singh, Electrocodeposition and Characterization of Ni-WC Composite Coating From Non – Aqueous Bath, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2013, pp. 68-73. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20130202.16
References
[1]
M. Musiani Electrochim. Acta 45 (2000) 3397.
[2]
P. M. Vereecken, R. A. Binstead, H. Deligianni, P. C. Andri-cacos IBM J. Res. Dev. 3 (2005) 49.
[3]
J. D. Whitaker, J. B. Nelson, D. T. Schwartz, J. micromech. microeng. 15 (2005) 1498.
[4]
R. S. Saifullin, I. A Abdullin Ross. Khim. Zh 63 (1999) 63.
[5]
T. W. Tomaszewski, Trans. Inst. Met. Finish. 54 (1976) 45.
[6]
M. A. Belenkij A. F. Ivanov, Elektroosazdenie Metallitcheskih Pokritij, Metallurgiya, Moscow, 1985.
[7]
I. G. Habibullin, R. S. Sajfulin, Anticorrosion Coatings, Meet-on thermostable Coatings, Proc., Nauka, Leningrad, 1983, p 84.
[8]
Lingzhong Du, Binshi Xu, Shiyun Dong, Hua Yang, Weiyi Tu, Wear 257 (2004) 1058.
[9]
M. Lekka, N. Kouloumbi, M. Gajo, P. L. Bonora, Electro-chim. Acta 50 (2005) 4551.
[10]
B. Abeles, in R. Wolfe (Ed.), ‘Applied Solid State Sciences: Advances in materials and Device Research’ (Academic Press) New Yark, 1976, p. 1.
[11]
R. R. Obercle, M. R. Scaralon, R. C. Cammarata, P. C. Sear-son, Appl. Phys.Lett. 66 (1995) 19.
[12]
S. W. Banovic, K. Barmark, A. R. Marder, J. Mater. Sci. 34 (1999) 3203.
[13]
M. Surender, B. Basu, R. Balasubramaniam, Tribol. Int. 37 (2004)T743.
[14]
P. Wu, H.M. Du, X.L. Chen, Z. Q. Li, H. L. Bai, E. Y. Jiang, Wear 257 ( 2004) 142.
[15]
Weiming Xia, Yuansheng Jin, Wear, 195 (1996) 47.
[16]
D. V. Sokalsky, V.Sh. Palanker, E. N. Baybatyrov, Electro-chim. Acta 20 (1975) 71.
[17]
N. Guglielmi, J. Electrochem. Soc. 119 (1972) 1009.
[18]
M. Viswanathan, M. Ghouse, Met. Finish. 77 (1979) 67.
[19]
J. Zahavi, J. Kerbel, Plat. Surf. Finish. 69 (1982) 76.
[20]
M. Ghouse, Met. Finish. 82 (1984) 33.
[21]
N. Periene, A. Cesuniene, L. Taicas, Plat. Surf. Finish. 80 (1993) 73.
[22]
K. N. Sun, X.N. Hu, J. H. Zhang, J. R. Wang, Wear 196 (1996) 295.
[23]
V. D. Stankovic, M. Gojo , Surf. Coat. Technol. 81 (1996) 225.
[24]
H. Ferkel, B. Muller, W. Reihemann, Mater. Sci. Eng., A Struct. Mater. Prop. Microstruct. Process. 474 (1997) 234.
[25]
G. Maurin, A. Lavanant, J. Appl. Electrochem. 25 (1995) 1113.
[26]
G.N.K. Ramesh Bapu, Surf. Coat. Technol., 67 (1994) 105.
[27]
S. Mohajeri, A. Dolati, S. Rezagholibeiki, Mat. Chem. Phys 129 (2011) 746.
[28]
Dae-Geun Kim, Jae-Ho Lee, Surf. Rev. Lett., 17 (2010)359.
[29]
T. Saji, N. K. Shrestha, Surf. Coat. Technol., 186 (2004) 444.
[30]
J. Fransaer, E. Leunis, T. Hirato, J.P. Celis, J. Appl. Electro-chem. 32 (2002) 123.
[31]
D.K. Singh, V.B. Singh J. Electrochem. Soc. 158 (2011) D114.
[32]
D.K. Singh, V.B. Singh Mater. Sci. Eng. A 532 (2012) 493.
[33]
A. A. Sarabi, V. B. Singh, J. Electrochem. Soc., 136 (1989) 2950.
[34]
Th.H.De. Keijser, J.I. Langford, E.J. Mittemeijer, A.B.P. Vogels J Appl. Cryst. 15 (1982)308.
[35]
J.I. Langford J. Appl. Cryst.11 (1978) 10.
[36]
H.E. Boyer (ed.), Hardness Testing, ASM International, Metals Park, OH; 1987.
[37]
M. Stroumbouli, P. Gyftou, E.A. Pavlatou, N. Spyrellis, Surf. Coat. Technol. 195 (2005) 325.
[38]
M.R.Vaezi, Colloids and Surfaces A :Physicochem.Eng. Aspects, 315 (200 8) 176.
[39]
V. Marinovic, J. Steranovic, B. Jugovic, J. Appl. Electrochem. 36 (2006)1005.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186