Measurement of Different Heavy Metals Concentration in Roadside Dust in the Vicinity of Gujrat, Pakistan
Science Journal of Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 51-57
Received: Dec. 18, 2016; Accepted: Mar. 7, 2017; Published: Aug. 29, 2017
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Authors
Nusrat Bashir, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Hafiz Hayat Campus, Gujrat, Pakistan
Mujahid Farid, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Hafiz Hayat Campus, Gujrat, Pakistan
Rashid Saeed, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Hafiz Hayat Campus, Gujrat, Pakistan
Hafiz Muhammad Tauqeer, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Hafiz Hayat Campus, Gujrat, Pakistan
Shafaqat Ali, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Rizwan, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Ayesha Siddiqua, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Hafiz Hayat Campus, Gujrat, Pakistan
Rasham Sallah-Ud-Din, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Hafiz Hayat Campus, Gujrat, Pakistan
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Abstract
Due to rapid urbanization and industrialization in many countries of the world, heavy metals are continuously emitted into the terrestrial environment and posing great threat to human health. The present study was conducted to measure the concentration of six heavy metals, chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), cobalt (Co), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in roadside dust of five major roads in Gujrat city. The dust samples were collected from five different locations in the vicinity of Gujrat. The results showed that the average concentrations of Cr, Ni, Co, Zn, Cd, and Pb in the dust samples were higher than their permissible limits. The concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb were much higher than those in the background value of Gujrat soil. Results clearly concluded that the heavy traffic and transportation is the major responsible source of these heavy metals in the road dust of Gujrat city along with the transportation of sewage sludge, surface runoff from agricultural land and discharge of sewage water from drains.
Keywords
Industrialization, Heavy Metal, Traffic, Chromium, Lead, Sludge
To cite this article
Nusrat Bashir, Mujahid Farid, Rashid Saeed, Hafiz Muhammad Tauqeer, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Rizwan, Ayesha Siddiqua, Rasham Sallah-Ud-Din, Measurement of Different Heavy Metals Concentration in Roadside Dust in the Vicinity of Gujrat, Pakistan, Science Journal of Chemistry. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 51-57. doi: 10.11648/j.sjc.20170504.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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