Adsorption of Humic Acid onto Jordanian Kaolinite Clay: Effects of Humic Acid Concentration, pH, and Temperature
Science Journal of Chemistry
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 1-10
Received: Dec. 7, 2017;
Accepted: Dec. 18, 2017;
Published: Jan. 11, 2018
Views 2664 Downloads 329
Khansaa Al-Essa, Chemistry Department, Jerash University, Jerash, Jordan
Fawwaz Khalili, Chemistry Department, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Kaolinite clay has low cation exchange capacity and small surface area; it has rarely been used as adsorbent. As well as, green, low cost and efficient adsorbent is desired. Modification of kaolinite is necessary to improve its adsorption capacity. Jordanian kaolinite has been modified by humic acid (HA) through batch adsorption mode. Two types of HA were used; one was commercial (FHA) and the other was natural (KTD). The effect of HA concentration, pH and temperature of solution were considered. HA adsorption becomes higher at low concentration, decreases with increasing pH, and it increased with solution temperature. Modified Jordanian kaolinite clay was characterized by different techniques: FTIR, TGA, SEM connected to EDS and porosimetry analysis by Gas Adsorption Isotherm and Mercury Porosimetry. The modified kaolinite showed good and strong interaction with HA, enhancement in its surface and charge structure, and increasing in the average pore radius. Therefore, increases in its reactivity and adsorption sites especially towards heavy metal ions. Moreover, FHA– kaolinite clay showed better adsorption characteristics than KTD– kaolinite clay.
Adsorption of Humic Acid onto Jordanian Kaolinite Clay: Effects of Humic Acid Concentration, pH, and Temperature, Science Journal of Chemistry.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 1-10.
Omara S, Turky G, Ghoneim A, Thünemann A, Abdel Rehim M, Schönhals A. Hyperbranched poly(amidoamine)/kaolinite nanocomposites: Structure and charge carrier dynamics. Polymer. 2017;121:64-74.
Restrepo D, Griebel C, Giesler K, et al. Mechanochemically enhanced synthesis of isomorphously substituted kaolinites. Applied Clay Science. 2011; 52: 386-391.
Schulze D. Dixon J. Weed S. Minerals in Soil Environment. second edition. Soil Science Society of America. Madison, USA; 1989. p.1.
Lv G, Stockwell C, Niles J, Minegar S, Li Z, Jiang W. Uptake and retention of amitriptyline by kaolinite. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 2013; 411:198-203.
Zhu X, Zhu Z, Lei X, Yan C. Defects in structure as the sources of the surface charges of kaolinite. Applied Clay Science. 2016; 124–125:127-136.
Loganathan P, Vigneswaran S, Kandasamy J. Enhanced removal of nitrate from water using surface modification of adsorbents – A review. Journal of Environmental Management. 2013; 131: 363-374.
Chen S, Huang S, Chiang P, et al. Influence of chemical compositions and molecular weights of humic acids on Cr(VI) photo-reduction. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2011;197:337-344.
Stevenson F. J. Humus Chemistry. Genesis, Composition, Reactions. First edition. New York: John Wiley and Sons; 1982. P. 443.
Klučáková M, Dissociation properties and behavior of active humic fractions dissolved in aqueous systems. Reactive and Functional Polymers. 2016;109:9-14.
Hizal J, Apak R. Modeling of cadmium(II) adsorption on kaolinite–based clays in the absence and presence of humic acid. Applied Clay Science. 2006; 32:232–244.
Saada A, Breeze D, Crouzet C, Cornu S, Baranger P. Adsorption of arsenic(V) on kaolinite and on kaolinite–humic acid complexes Role of humic acid nitrogen groups. Chemosphere. 2003; 51:757–763.
Wan Y, Liu C. The effect of humic acid on the adsorption of REEs on kaolin. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical Engineering Aspects. 2006; 290:112–117.
Camposa B, Carrillo J, Algarra M, et al. Adsorption of uranyl ions on kaolinite, montmorillonite, humic acid and composite clay material. Applied Clay Science. 2013; 85:53–63.
G. Balcke, N. Kulikova, S. Hesse, F. Kopinke, I. Perminova, and F. Frimme, Adsorption of Humic Substances onto Kaolin Clay Related to Their Structural Features. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 2002; 66:1805–1812.
Wang K, Xing B. Structural and sorption characteristics of adsorbed humic acid on clay minerals. Journal of Environmental Quality. 2005; 34: 342-349.
Terashima M, Tanaka S, Fukushima M. Distribution Behavior of Pyrene to Adsorbed Humic Acids on Kaolin. Journal of Environmental Quality. 2003; 32:591-598.
Chen H, Koopal L, Xiong J, Avena M, Tan W. Mechanisms of soil humic acid adsorption onto montmorillonite and kaolinite. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 2017; 504:457-467.
Qinyan Y, Ying L, Baoyu G. Impact factors and thermodynamic characteristics of aquatic humic acid loaded onto kaolin. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. 2009; 72:241–247.
Zhong R, Zhang X, Xiao F, Li X. Effects of humic acid on recoverability and fractal structure of alum-kaolin flocs. Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2011; 23:731–737.
Huang C, Yang Y. Adsorption characteristics of Cu(II) on humus-kaolin complexes. Water Research. 1995; 29:2455–2460.
Zhong R, Zhang X, Xiao F, Li X, Cai Z. Effects of humic acid on physical and hydrodynamic properties of kaolin flocs by particle image velocimetry. Water Research. 2011; 45:3981-3990.
Li Y, Yue Q, Gao B. Effect of humic acid on the Cr(VI) adsorption onto Kaolin. Applied Clay Science. 2010;48: 481–484.
Arias M, Barral M, Mejuto J. Enhancement of copper and cadmium adsorption on kaolin by the presence of humic acids. Chemosphere. 2002; 48:1081–1088.
Yager T. The mineral industries of Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Yearbook; 2000. P. 38.1–38.8.
Khoury H, El-Sakka W. Mineralogical and industrial characterization of the Batn El-Ghoul clay deposits, southern Jordan. Applied Clay Science. 1986; 1:321-331.
Taib M. 2011 Minerals Yearbook, The Mineral Industry of Jordan, U.S. Geological Survey; 2013. 51.1-51.7.
Khalili F. Humic and Fulvic Acids from Several Locations in Jordan. Dirasat. 1987; 14:151–162.
Amer M, Khalili F, Awwad A. Adsorption of lead, zinc and cadmium ions on polyphosphate–modified kaolinite clay. Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology. 2010; 2:001–008.
Li H, Sheng G, Teppen B, Johnston C, Boyd S. Sorption and desorption of pesticides by clay minerals and humic acid–clay complexes. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 2003; 67:122–131.
Hizal J, Apak R. Modeling of copper(II) and lead(II) adsorption on kaolinite–based clay minerals individually and in the presence of humic acid. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 2006; 295:1–13.
Salman M, El–Eswed B, Khalili F. Adsorption of humic acid on bentonite. Applied Clay Science. 2007; 38:51–56.
Bish D. Rietveld refinement of the kaolinite structure at 1.5 K. Clays and Clay Minerals. 1993; 41:738–744.
Reyes C, Williams C, Alarcón O. Synthesis of zeolite LTA from thermally treated kaolinite. Antioquia. 2010; 53:30–41.
Madejova J, Komadel P. Baseline studies of the Clay Minerals Society Source Clays: Infrared methods. Clays and Clay Minerals. 2001; 49:410–432.
Santos A, Botero W, Bellin I, et al. Interaction between humic substances and metallic ions: a selectivity study of humic substances and their possible therapeutic application. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society. 2007;18: 824–830.
Rosa J, Knickerb H, López–Capelc E, Manningc D, González–Perezd J, González–Vilad F. Direct detection of black carbon in soils by Py–GC/MS, Carbon–13 NMR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric techniques. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 2007; 72:258–267.
Summers R, Roberts P. Activated carbon adsorption of humic substances. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 1988; 122:367–381.
Meyer K, Klobes P. Comparison between different presentations of pore size distribution in porous materials. Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry.1999; 363:174–178.
Sudibandriyo M. A simple technique for surface area determination through supercritical CO2 adsorption. Journal of Makara Technology. 2010; 14:1–6.
Largitte L, Pasquier R. A review of the kinetics adsorption models and their application to the adsorption of lead by an activated carbon. Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 2016; 109:495–504.
Webb P. An Introduction to The Physical Characterization of Materials by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry with Emphasis On Reduction and Presentation of Experimental Data. Micromeritics Instrument Corporation. Norcross, Georgia; 2001. P. 1–23.
Jekel M. The stabilization of dispersed mineral particles by adsorption of humic substances. Water Research. 1986; 20:1543–1554.
Kretzchmar R, Robage W, Weed S. Flocculation of kaolinite solid clays: effect of humic substances and iron oxides. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 1993; 57:1277–1283.
Sokołowska Z, Sokołowski S. Influence of humic acid on surface fractal dimension of kaolin: analysis of mercury porosimetry and water vapour adsorption data. Geoderma. 1999;88:233-249.
Al-Essa K, Khalili F. Sorption of Pb(II) Ions by Kaolinite Modified with Humic Acids. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering A. 2016; 5:416-431.