The Geo-accumulation Index of Some Heavy Metals in the Roadsides Soils of Onitsha South Local Government Area Anambra State, Nigeria
Science Journal of Chemistry
Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2020, Pages: 42-47
Received: Feb. 11, 2020; Accepted: Apr. 1, 2020; Published: May 15, 2020
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Authors
Ochiagha K. E., Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Okoye P. A. C., Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Eboagu N. C., Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
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Abstract
Heavy metals have a great ecological significance due to their toxicity and accumulative behaviour. Monitoring of their concentrations in the soils of our environment is very important. The geo-accumulation index (Igeo) in 11 stations in Onitsha South Local Government Area, (i.e Modeebelu Avenue, Ozomagana, Zik Avenue, Port Harcourt Road, Oguta Road, Iweka Road, Venn Road, Niger Street, Creek /Okwaraji Moore Street and Bida Road) were analysed. The soil pollution status of the area was investigated by analyzing the concentration of eight heavy metals (Mn, Ni, Zn, Cd, Cr, Fe, Cu and Pb) using Atomic Absorption spectroscopy (AAS). From the geo-accumulation index (Igeo) results obtained were; Mn values were mainly in class 5 for wet season and class 4 in dry season, Ni fell within the range of classes 2-3 in both seasons, Zn was in the range of classes 1-2 while Cr fell within the ranges of class 4-5 for both seasons. Cu was mainly within the range of class 2-3 in both seasons, while Pb fell within class 0 (with the exception of few locations). The Fe geo-accumulation for all locations was within the class of 0. These results revealed that Fe, Cd and Pb did not pollute the area but were polluted by Mn, Cr, Zn and Ni at various levels in both seasons.
Keywords
Geo-accumulation Index, Heavy Metals, Pollution, Onitsha South LGA
To cite this article
Ochiagha K. E., Okoye P. A. C., Eboagu N. C., The Geo-accumulation Index of Some Heavy Metals in the Roadsides Soils of Onitsha South Local Government Area Anambra State, Nigeria, Science Journal of Chemistry. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 42-47. doi: 10.11648/j.sjc.20200803.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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