Influence of Orbital Hybridization on Kerr Nonlinearity of a Heavy Metal Borate Glass: Scaling of Polarizability and the Imaginary Contribution of Optical Susceptibility
American Journal of Optics and Photonics
Volume 2, Issue 4, August 2014, Pages: 54-64
Received: Oct. 6, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 14, 2014; Published: Oct. 30, 2014
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Fouad El-Diasty, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbasia, 11566 Cairo, Egypt
Fathy A. Abdel-Wahab, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbasia, 11566 Cairo, Egypt
Manal Abdel-Baki, Glass Department, National Research Centre, Dokki 12311 Giza, Egypt
Fouad A. Moustafa, Glass Department, National Research Centre, Dokki 12311 Giza, Egypt
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Photonics properties of glasses can be designed by controlling their complex Kerr nonlinearity. Chemical structure and bonding properties are considered as the origin of glass third-order susceptibilities. Investigation of the role of orbital hybridization on the glass electronic polarizability and third-order susceptibility is carried out. Thus, series of heavy metal lead borate glass of the composition 0.25B2O3–0.75PbO is prepared by melt quenching technique. Orbital hybridization, as a linear combination for valence electron wave functions of p- and d-block elements, is obtained through structural co-substitution of very small contents of Cr2O3 and/or SeO2, by B2O3. It get succeed to tune the glass nonlinear optical characteristics such as; the complex components of third-order susceptibility. Scaling roles describing the relations between oxide ion polarizability and index of refraction and between imaginary part of third-order susceptibility and band gap energy are proposed. The glasses exhibit zero-dispersion wavelength at 1.55 μm band which is needed for telecommunication devices. The polarizability approach is applied to analyze and explain the obtained glass properties.
Glass, Susceptibility, Polarizability, Orbital Hybridization
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Fouad El-Diasty, Fathy A. Abdel-Wahab, Manal Abdel-Baki, Fouad A. Moustafa, Influence of Orbital Hybridization on Kerr Nonlinearity of a Heavy Metal Borate Glass: Scaling of Polarizability and the Imaginary Contribution of Optical Susceptibility, American Journal of Optics and Photonics. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 54-64. doi: 10.11648/j.ajop.20140204.12
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