Optical and Thermal Properties of Some Tellurite Glasses
American Journal of Optics and Photonics
Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 11-18
Received: Aug. 11, 2017; Accepted: Aug. 30, 2017; Published: Sep. 13, 2017
Views 1987      Downloads 128
Authors
Raouf El-Mallawany, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
Yasser Saad Rammah, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
Amin El Adawy, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
Zahra Wasses, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Tellurite glasses in the form (95-X) TEO2-5NB2O5-XTIO2, X= 5.0, 7.5, 10.0 and 12.5 mol % have been successfully prepared by the melt quenching technique. Density ρ and molar volume V have been measured. UV-Visible absorption spectra for the presented ternary tellurite glass systems have been measured in the wavelength range 200-850 nm. The optical band gap, Eg, and refractive index, n, of the presented glass systems have been calculated by using the derivation absorption spectrum fitting (DASF) and absorption spectrum fitting (ASF) methods. Also, Urbach’s energy, ΔE for tellurite glass systems was obtained using the absorption spectrum fitting (ASF) method. Comparison between both methods has been presented. Differential thermal analysis (DTA) for the prepared glasses with systematic heating rate 10°C/min has been carried out. The glass transition temperature, Tg, onset crystallization temperature, Tc, melting temperature, Tm, glass stability range, S, and glass factor, Kg, of the present glasses have been measured. The average cross-link density, ¯nc, number of bonds per unit volume, nb, and average stretching force constant, F¯, have been calculated.
Keywords
Glass, Tellurite, Optical, Thermal
To cite this article
Raouf El-Mallawany, Yasser Saad Rammah, Amin El Adawy, Zahra Wasses, Optical and Thermal Properties of Some Tellurite Glasses, American Journal of Optics and Photonics. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2017, pp. 11-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ajop.20170502.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
C. Yu, Yang, A. Huang, Z. Chai, J. Qiu, Z. Song, D. Zhou, Photoluminescence properties of tellurite glasses doped Dy3+ and Eu3+ for the UV and blue converted WLEDs, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 457 (2017) 1–8.
[2]
I. Z. Hager, R. El-Mallawany, Preparation and structural studies in the (70− x) TeO2–20WO3–10Li2O–xLn2O3 glasses, Journal of materials science 45 (2010) 897-905.
[3]
A. Abdel‐Kader, R. El‐Mallawany, M. M. Elkholy, Network structure of tellurite phosphate glasses: Optical absorption and infrared spectra, Journal of applied physics. 73 (1993) 71-74, 1993‏‏.
[4]
H. Nurhafizah, M. S. Rohani, S. K. Ghoshal, Self cleanliness of Er3+ /Nd3+ Co-do ped lithium niobate tellurite glass containing silver nanoparticles, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 455 (2017) 62–69.
[5]
I. Z. Hager, R. El-Mallawany, A. Bulou, Luminescence spectra and optical properties of TeO2–WO3–Li2O glasses doped with Nd, Sm and Er rare earth ions, Physica B: Condensed Matter 406 (2011) 972-980,1985, and Idem, ibid, 406 (2011) 1844.
[6]
H. Jain, R. El-Mallawany, T. Ramadan and M. ElSherbine, Electrical Conductivity of Silver Vanadium Tellurite Glasses, J. American Ceramic Soc., 85 (2002) 2655-59.
[7]
D. Souri, Suggestion for using the thermal stable thermoelectricglasses as a strategy for improvement of photovoltaic system efficiency: Seebeck coefficients of tellurite-vanadate glasses containing antimony oxide, Solar Energy. 139 (2016) 19–22.
[8]
M. A. Sidkey, R. A. ElMallawany, A. A. Abousehly, Y. B. Saddeek, Relaxation of longitudinal ultrasonic waves in some tellurite glasses, Materials chemistry and physics. 74 (2002) 222-229.
[9]
R El-Mallawany, M Sidkey, A Khafagy, H Afifi, Ultrasonic attenuation of tellurite glasses, ‏Materials chemistry and physics 37 (1994) 197-200.
[10]
F. Yang, C. Liu, D. Wei, Y. Chen, J. Lu, Shi-e Yang, Er3+ -Yb3+ co doped TeO2-PbF2 oxyhalide tellurite glasses for silicon solar cells, Optical Materials. 36 (2014) 1040-1043.
[11]
J. Tauc, Amorphous and Liquid Semiconductors, in: J. Tauc (Ed.), Plenum Press, New York, 1974.
[12]
N. F. Mott, E. A. Davis, Electronic process in non-crystalline materials (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1979).
[13]
D. Souri, M. Mohammadi, H. Zaliani, Effect of antimony on the optical and physical properties of Sb-V2O5-TeO2 glasses, Mater. Lett. 10, 1103-1108 (2014).
[14]
D. Souri, Z. E. Tahan, A new method for the determination of optical band gap and the nature of optical transitions in semiconductors, Appl. Phys. B 119, 273–279 (2015).
[15]
G. Lakshminarayana, K. M. Kaky, S. O. Baki, A. Lira, P. Nayar, I. V. Kityk, M. A. Mahdi, Physical, structural, thermal, and optical spectroscopy studies of TeO2-B2O3-MoO3-ZnO-R2O (R=Li, Na, and K)/MO (M=Mg, Ca, and Pb)glass, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 690, 799 (2017).
[16]
G. Özena, B. Demirata, M. L. Öveçoğlu, A. Genç, Thermal and optical properties of Tm3+ doped tellurite glasses, Spectrochimica Acta Part A, 57, 273-280 (2001).
[17]
N. S. Tagiara, D. Palles, E. D. Simandiras, V. Psycharis, A. Kyritsis, E. I. Kamitsos, Synthesis, thermal and structural properties of pure TeO2 glass andmzinc-tellurite glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 457, 116-125 (2017).
[18]
H. Fares, I. Jlassi, H. Elhouichet, M. Féridd, Investigation of thermal, structural and optical properties of tellurite glass with WO3 adding, Journal of Non Crystalline Solids, 396- 397, 1-7 (2014).
[19]
I. Jlassi, H. Elhouichet, M. Ferid, Thermal and optical properties of tellurite glasses doped erbium, J. Mater. Sci, 46, 806-812 (2011).
[20]
H. A. A. Sidek, S. Rosmawati, B. Z. Azmi, and A. H. Shaari, Effect of ZnO on the Thermal Properties of Tellurite Glasses, Advances in Condensed Matter Physics, 2013 (2013), Article ID 783207, 6 pages.
[21]
E. A. Davis, N. F. Mott, Conduction in non-crystalline systems V, Philos. Mag., 22, 903-922 (1970).
[22]
F. Urbach, The long-wavelength edge of photographic sensitivity and of the electronic absorption of solids, Phys. Rev., 92,1324-1326 (1953).
[23]
[23]-V. Dimitrov, S. Sakka, Electronic oxide polarizability and optical basicity of simple oxides, J. Appl. Phys.79, 1736–1740 (1996).
[24]
R. El-Mallawany, M. D. Abdalh, I. A. Ahmed, New tellurite glass: optical properties, Mater. Chem. Phys. 109, 291–296 (2008).
[25]
E. Lambson, G. Saunders, B. Bridge, R. El-Mallawany, The elastic behavior of TeO2 glass under uniaxial and hydrostatic pressure, Journal Non Crystalline Solids 69,117-133 (1984).
[26]
R. El-Mallawany, “Introduction to Tellurite Glasses”, Technological Advances in Tellurite Glasses, 254 of the series Springer Series in Materials Science pp 1-13, (2017). https://DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-53038-3_1
[27]
R. El-Mallawany, “Quantitative Analysis of Elastic Moduli of Tellurite Glasses”, J. Mater. Res., 5, 2218 -2222 (1990).
[28]
R. El-Mallawany, “Devitrification and vitrification of tellurite glasses”, J. Mater. Sci. in Electronics, 6, 1-3 (1995).
[29]
R. El-Mallawany, M. Sidky, A. Kafagy, H. Afifi, “Elastic Constants of Semiconducting Tellurite Glasses”, Mater. Chem. and Phys. 37, 295-298 (1994).
[30]
I. Hagar, R. El-Mallawany and M. Poulain, “Infrared and Raman Spectra of New Molybdenum and Tungsten Oxyfluoride Glasses”, J. Mater Sci. Lett., 34, 5158-5168 (1999).
[31]
M. Sidky, R. El-Mallawany, A. Abousehly and Y. Saddeek, “Relaxation of Longitudinal Ultrasonic Waves in Some Telluirte Glasses”, Materials Chem. and Phys., 74, 222-229 (2002).
[32]
M. I. Sayyed1, R. El-Mallawany, Shielding Properties of (100-x)TeO2–(x)MoO3 Glasses, Materials Chemistry and Physics, In Press, 2017.
[33]
R. El-Mallawany, M. I. Sayyed, M. G. Dong, Comparative Shielding Properties of Some Tellurite Glasses: Part 2, J. Non-Crystalline solids, 474, 16-23 (2017) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2017.08.011
[34]
M. G. Dong, R. El-Mallawany, M. I. Sayyed, H,O. Tekin, Shielding Properties of 80TeO2–5TiO2–(15− x) WO3–xAnOm Glasses using WinXCom and MCNP5 code, Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 141 (2017) 172-178 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2017.07.006
[35]
R. El-Mallawany, M. I. Sayyed, Comparative Shielding Properties of Some Tellurite Glasses: Part 1, Physica B: Condensed Matter, In Press (2017) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2017.05.021
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186