Annual Effective Dose of Radon-222 in Well Water Samples in Male Adults: Idah, Nigeria
American Journal of Optics and Photonics
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 45-49
Received: Oct. 24, 2017; Accepted: Nov. 6, 2017; Published: Dec. 15, 2017
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Authors
Philip Musa Gyuk, Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
Arome Aruwa, Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Nigeria
Matoh Dary Dogara, Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
Isaac Hyuk Daniel, Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
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Abstract
A total of 25 well water samples from various locations of Idah and environs including Ofukolo, Ega, Ede - Adejo, and Ede - Alaba, have been investigated for their 222Rn concentrations using liquid scintillation counter manufactured by Packard Instrument Company. The concentration of 222Rn in the well water samples was found to vary in the range 3.0± 2.00 – 18.24± 1.50 Bq/L and a mean concentration of 9.64 Bq/L with An average mean concentration of 10.23 Bq/L recorded respectively. The results showed that 222Rn concentration in well water sources were greater than the maximum concentration limit (MCL) of 11.1Bq/L set by USEPA and 10.0 Bq/L set by WHO. The annual effective dose by ingestion for adult male was found to be in the range 0.0198 mSv/y to 0.1198 mSv/yand an average of 0.0721 mSv/y which are lower than the annually received effective dose as set by ICRP.
Keywords
222Rn, Groundwater, Liquid Scintillation Counter (LSC), Effective Dose
To cite this article
Philip Musa Gyuk, Arome Aruwa, Matoh Dary Dogara, Isaac Hyuk Daniel, Annual Effective Dose of Radon-222 in Well Water Samples in Male Adults: Idah, Nigeria, American Journal of Optics and Photonics. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 45-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ajop.20170504.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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