Simulation and Analysis of Methylammonium Lead Iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) Perovskite Solar Cell with Au Contact Using SCAPS 1D Simulator
American Journal of Optics and Photonics
Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2019, Pages: 33-40
Received: Jul. 17, 2019; Accepted: Aug. 10, 2019; Published: Aug. 20, 2019
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Authors
Ali Husainat, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, USA
Warsame Ali, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, USA
Penrose Cofie, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, USA
John Attia, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, USA
John Fuller, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, USA
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Abstract
Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells have attracted the attention of researchers and scientists throughout the world. From 2009, when actual research work began on photovoltaic perovskite applications, a lab power conversion efficiency above 23.3% have been achieved. Whereas, silicon solar cells have only achieved power conversion efficiencies around 17.5% in both residential and commercial applications. A typical perovskite solar cell consists of 6 main layers of different materials: a glass layer, a thin layer of fluorine-doped tin oxide substrate (FTO), an electron transport layer of TiO2, a perovskite active layer known as methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3), a hole transport layer of Spiro-Ometad, and a gold (Au) electrode. This paper summarizes the research that focused on the selective use of the perovskite solar cell’s composite materials, specifically, the Spiro-Ometad layer, the methylammonium lead iodide layer (CH3NH3PbI3), and the TiO2 layer with a variation of the thickness of the perovskite layer. Initial simulation results show a power conversion efficiency of 20.34% when using a gold (Au) electrode. Further research is needed, in which new technology for device fabrication will create homogeneous thin-film layers that will be tested for increased efficiency.
Keywords
Modeling, Simulation, Perovskite Solar Cell, Photovoltaics, Inorganic Materials, Organic Materials
To cite this article
Ali Husainat, Warsame Ali, Penrose Cofie, John Attia, John Fuller, Simulation and Analysis of Methylammonium Lead Iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) Perovskite Solar Cell with Au Contact Using SCAPS 1D Simulator, American Journal of Optics and Photonics. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 33-40. doi: 10.11648/j.ajop.20190702.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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