Simulation and Analysis Method of Different Back Metals Contact of CH3NH3PbI3 Perovskite Solar Cell Along with Electron Transport Layer TiO2 Using MBMT-MAPLE/PLD
American Journal of Optics and Photonics
Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 6-26
Received: Jan. 30, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 11, 2020; Published: Feb. 24, 2020
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Authors
Ali Husainat, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, USA
Warsame Ali, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, USA
Penrose Cofie, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, USA
John Attia, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, USA
John Fuller, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, USA
Abdalla Darwish, School of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), Faculty of Physics, Dillard University, New Orleans, LA, USA
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Abstract
Many different photovoltaic technologies are being developed for better solar energy conversion. Until now, crystalline Si solar cell represents the dominant photovoltaic technology with a market share of more than 94% with an efficiency between (15%-20%). Organic-inorganic halide Perovskite Solar Cell (PSC) has emerged as the most promising candidate for the next generation high-efficiency solar cell technology that attracted interest from researchers around the world due to their high efficiency of more than 24.% in a short period from (2008-2019) and low fabrication cost. In this paper, we designed a lead-based PSC model with a cell structure of Glass/FTO/TiO2/CH3NH3PBI3/Spiro-OMeTAD/(Au, Ag, Al, Cu, Cr, Cu-graphite alloy, and Pt) and analyzed the structure with different contact materials using Solar Cell Capacitance Simulator (SCAPS-1D) which is well adopted by many researchers to study and analyze the hybrid solar cell. Using the software allows researchers to inexpensively and promptly, the effect of the absorber and the contact materials on the performance of the proposed solar cell model. We also studied the bandgap of the active layer, defect density, thickness, operating temperature, and the fabrication method of the model. Furthermore, the adoption of multibeam multi-target MAPLE and PLD or with acronym MBMT-MAPLE/PLD techniques as a new fabrication method in our simulation program mentioned above. A promising result was achieved. Efficiencies of 27.25%, 26.52%, 18.90%, 25.66%, 22.77%, 27.25%, and 27.25% were obtained for the devices with Au, Ag, Al, Cu, Cr, Pt, and Cu-graphite alloy, respectively. The effect of the work function on the back contact has a significant influence over the FF and efficiency.
Keywords
Inorganic Materials Modeling, Organic Materials, Perovskite Solar Cell, Photovoltaics, Simulation, MAPLE, PLD
To cite this article
Ali Husainat, Warsame Ali, Penrose Cofie, John Attia, John Fuller, Abdalla Darwish, Simulation and Analysis Method of Different Back Metals Contact of CH3NH3PbI3 Perovskite Solar Cell Along with Electron Transport Layer TiO2 Using MBMT-MAPLE/PLD, American Journal of Optics and Photonics. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 6-26. doi: 10.11648/j.ajop.20200801.12
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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