Characteristics of Polymer Concrete from Pumice Stone and Rubber Thread Waste with Polyurethane as Natural Bonding
American Journal of Physical Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages: 26-34
Received: Mar. 1, 2016; Accepted: Mar. 15, 2016; Published: Mar. 29, 2016
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Authors
Fauzi , Department of Physics, North Sumatera University, Medan, Indonesia
Tamrin , Department of Chemistry, North Sumatera University, Medan, Indonesia
Anwar Dharma Sembiring, Department of Physics, North Sumatera University, Medan, Indonesia
Ridwan Abdullah Sani, Department of Physics, State University of Medan, Medan, Indonesia
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Abstract
In this study, the aggregate of polymer concrete is made using pumice stone, sand, solid waste rubber thread, and polyurethane as a binder. Variation of composition of sand and pumice are (1: 1) or (50 g: 50 g); solid waste rubber thread are (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10)% of the total weight of sand and pumic; while composition variations of polyurethane are (10, 15, 20)% of the total weight of sand and pumice. The measured parameters of samples are density, water absorption, porosity, compressive strength, impact strength, flexural strength, microstructure analysis using Scanning Electron microscope (SEM), XRD analysis and sound absorption coefficient. Based on this research, it is showed that the optimum conditions of fabricated polymer concrete characteristics are with density of 1.67 g/cm3, water absorption of 13.25%, porosity of 19.85%, the compressive strength is 8.59 MPa, impact strength of 5.2 kJ, and flexural strength of 50.33 MPa). The sound absorption coefficient of the best sample is 0.196. This polymer concrete is lighter than conventional concrete and has better strength and sound absorption coefficient.
Keywords
Polymer Concrete, Polyurethane, Pumice Stone, Solid Waste Rubber Thread, Sound Absorption Coefficient
To cite this article
Fauzi , Tamrin , Anwar Dharma Sembiring, Ridwan Abdullah Sani, Characteristics of Polymer Concrete from Pumice Stone and Rubber Thread Waste with Polyurethane as Natural Bonding, American Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2016, pp. 26-34. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpc.20160502.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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