Comparison Between Mordant and Alkaline Dyeing of Wool Fiber with Dyes from Rubia tinctorum Plant
American Journal of Physical Chemistry
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages: 1-5
Received: Feb. 8, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 20, 2017; Published: Mar. 2, 2017
Views 2038      Downloads 71
Authors
Younes Chemchame, Department of Traditional Weaving, Academy of Traditional Arts, Foundation of Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca, Morocco
Mohamed El Mouden, Department of Traditional Weaving, Academy of Traditional Arts, Foundation of Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca, Morocco
Anass Mansar, Department of Traditional Weaving, Academy of Traditional Arts, Foundation of Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca, Morocco
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
We report comparative studies between mordant (with alum or tannin) and alkaline dyeing of wool fiber with dyes from the Rubia tinctorum plant. Mordant dyeing was achieved by using boiling extract of R. tinctorum, and alkaline dyeing was achieved at pH 10 with alizarin extract of R. tinctorum. The alkaline process was used with and without Argan’s pulp as a reducer. The fixation rate was higher in the alkaline dyeing process when a reducer was used, and the washing fastness was higher in the alkaline dyeing process with acidification post treatment. In mordant dyeing, tannin provide a greater fixation rate than alum.
Keywords
Wool, Alizarin, Mordant Dyeing, Alkaline Dyeing, Alum, Tannin, Rubia tinctorum
To cite this article
Younes Chemchame, Mohamed El Mouden, Anass Mansar, Comparison Between Mordant and Alkaline Dyeing of Wool Fiber with Dyes from Rubia tinctorum Plant, American Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpc.20170601.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
H. Bôhmer H., Natural Dyes and Textiles (Koekboya) Ed. Weppert, Schweinfurt (2002), 116-117.
[2]
M. Marquet, Guide des teintures naturelles (plantes à fleurs), Ed. Belin (2011), 158-159.
[3]
E. Dument, Teindre avec les plantes, Ed. Ulmer (2010), 100-103.
[4]
C. H. Goverdina. Derksen, Thesis “Analysis and isolation of anthraquinones from madder roots (Rubia tinctorum)”, ISBN 90-5808-462-0, 12 october (2001), 17-18.
[5]
D. De Santis, M. Moresi, «Production of alizarin extracts from Rubia tinctorum and assessment of their dyeing properties», Industrial Crops and Products, 26, 2, (2007), 151–162.
[6]
C. H. Goverdina. Derksen, Thesis “Analysis and isolation of anthraquinones from madder roots (Rubia tinctorum)”, ISBN 90-5808-462-0, 12 october (2001), 89.
[7]
H. Itokawa, K. Mihara, K. Takeya, “Studies on a novel anthraquinone and its glycosides isolated from Rubia cordifolia and R. akane”, Chem. Pharm. Bull, 31, 1983, 2353-2358.
[8]
T. Masawaki., M. Taya, S. Tone, “Selective solvent extraction of ruberythric acid from madder roots and subsequent hydrolysis with 3-glucosidase”, J. Ferment. Bioeng., 81 (1996), 567-569.
[9]
Y. Chemchame, A. Errabhi, A. Makhloufi. Optimization of the Dyeing Conditions for Wool Fiber with Natural Indigo Using the Argan’s Pulp. American Journal of Chemistry and Application, 2, No. 5, (2015), 70 - 74.
[10]
J. Bellakhdar, La Pharmacopée marocaine traditionnelle: Médecine arabe ancienne et savoirs populaires, Paris, Ibis Press,‎ 1997.
[11]
Z. K. Fellat, S. Smoughen, and R. Maurin, «Etude de la pulpe du fruit de l’arganier (argania spinosa) du Maroc. Matières grasse et latex» Actes Inst. Agron. Vet. (1987), 7.
[12]
M. Faez M. «Modélisation de la répartition du transfert des métaux lourds et des oligoéléments dans les sols forestiers, l’huile d’argan et dans les différentes parties d’arganier», Thèse d’état, Fac. Sci. Unv. Mohamed V Agdal-Rabat-Maroc, (2012).
[13]
Younes Chemchame, Mohamed El Moudden, Anass Mansar, Dyeing Wool Fiber with Natural Alizarin in a Vat System, American Journal of Applied Chemistry. 4, No. 5, (2016), 170-173. doi: 10.11648/j.ajac.20160405.12.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186