Preparation, Characterization and Catalytic Activity of CrSBA-15 for 2-Propanol Decomposition
Advances in Materials
Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 42-49
Received: Aug. 11, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 26, 2020; Published: Sep. 8, 2020
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Authors
M. Sánchez-Cruz, Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Autonomous University of Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
R. Hernández-Huesca, Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Autonomous University of Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
M. A. Pérez-Cruz, Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Autonomous University of Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
N. R. Silva-González, Institute of Physics, Autonomous University of Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
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Abstract
The chromium mesoporous materials have been used in many catalytic reactions. Some studies have been devoted to determining the nature of chromium species and to characterizing the chemical structure. The different chromium species depend on synthetic methods and the support used. In this work we prepared mesoporous SBA-15 supported chromium materials referred to in this document as xCrSBA-15, was prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation method. The materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen (N2) adsorption–desorption isotherms, hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), scanning electron microscopic (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), diffuse reflectance ultraviolet-visible (UV–vis) and Fourier transform IR (FT-IR). Chromium in SBA-15 forms different types of chromates and Cr2O3, causing morphological and textural changes and generating different catalytic centers. The catalytic conversion of 2-propanol to xCrSBA-15 materials were carried out by in a quartz reactor with a loading of 30 mg of the material at 300°C. Before the catalytic test, the material was activated in two ways: with N2 and reduced at a H2/Ar flow (MxCrSBA-15). The catalytic conversion of 2-propanol to xCrSBA-15 did not increase with reduction (MxCrSBA-15) but decreased deactivation. All the materials had an acidic behavior, which is related to the chromate species in the materials. These results suggest that the more acidic materials favor the formation of coke during the deactivation process, and coke reduces the Cr3+ to Cr2+ species, thus decreasing the acidity of the materials.
Keywords
Mesoporous Silica SBA-15, Chromates, Reduced Chromium, 2-Propanol Decomposition
To cite this article
M. Sánchez-Cruz, R. Hernández-Huesca, M. A. Pérez-Cruz, N. R. Silva-González, Preparation, Characterization and Catalytic Activity of CrSBA-15 for 2-Propanol Decomposition, Advances in Materials. Vol. 9, No. 3, 2020, pp. 42-49. doi: 10.11648/j.am.20200903.11
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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