Structural Features of Electrodeposited Metals as a Result of Ultra-Rapid Solidification of a Highly Supercooled Liquid Metal Phase
Advances in Materials
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, June 2015, Pages: 33-40
Received: May 27, 2015; Accepted: May 28, 2015; Published: Jun. 18, 2015
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Author
Oleg B. Girin, Department of the Materials Science, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
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Abstract
With a view to validating the existence of the phenomenon of phase formation via a liquid state stage in metals being electrodeposited, experiments were carried out to reveal electrodeposited metal's structural features typical of metals produced by solidification at ultra-high rates under high supercooling, and to establish consistent changes in metal structural characteristics with increasing degree of supercooling in electrodeposition. Following experimental facts in favour of the existence of the phenomenon in point were found: (1) occurrence of spherulites and pentagonal quasicrystals in electrodeposit layers adjoining the cathode, the occurrence being typical of metals produced by ultra-rapid solidification of a highly supercooled liquid metal phase; (2) emergence of the electrodeposited metals solely in a spherulitic form when transition of spherulitic growth to drusy growth with increasing deposit thickness was prevented; and (3) regular change in characteristics of point, linear and planar defects in the crystalline lattice with increasing degree of supercooling in electrodeposition of metals.
Keywords
Structure, Phase Formation, Electrodeposited Metal, Spherulite, Quasicrystal, Crystalline Defect
To cite this article
Oleg B. Girin, Structural Features of Electrodeposited Metals as a Result of Ultra-Rapid Solidification of a Highly Supercooled Liquid Metal Phase, Advances in Materials. Special Issue:Advances in Electrodeposited Materials: Phase Formation, Structure and Properties. Vol. 4, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 33-40. doi: 10.11648/j.am.s.2015040301.15
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